Bitcoin Miner Virus - How to Detect and Remove It (Update

The Unofficial Cardano FAQ - V3

(if you would like to add information or see mistakes, just comment below and I will credit you)
What is Cardano? Cardano is an open source and permissionless "Third Generation" blockchain project being developed by IOHK. Development and research started in 2015, with the 1.0 mainnet launching in 2017. Cardano blockchain is currently being developed into two layers. The first one is the ledger of account values, and the second one is the reason why values are transferred from one account to the other.
  1. Cardano Settlement Layer (CSL) - The CSL acts as the ledger of account or balance ledger. This is an idea created as an improvement of bitcoin blockchain. It uses a proof-of-stake consensus algorithm known as Ouroboros to generate new blocks and confirm transactions.
  2. Cardano Computation Layer (CCL) - The CCL contains the data how values are transferred. Since the computation layer is not connected to balance ledger, users of the CCL can create customized rules (smart contracts) when evaluating transactions. (https://support.bitkub.com/hc/en-us/articles/360006678892-What-are-the-two-layers-of-Cardano-)
IOHK has the contract with an undisclosed party to develop the project until the end of 2020, at which point the community may elect another development team - on the assumption that the voting infrastructure has been completed. However CEO Charles Hoskinson has stated that they will develop the project until it is completed, and they are simply financed until the end of 2020.
Cardano was the first project built on a peer-reviewed scientific development method, resulting in dozens of research papers produced by IOHK. Among these papers is Ouroboros Genesis, proving that a Proof of Stake protocol can be just as secure as Proof of Work - which was originally developed for Bitcoin, and refined for Ethereum. This PoS protocol considerably lowers the resources cost to maintain network while still maintaining security and network speed.
Cardano as a financial infrastructure is not yet completed, With significant development to be rolled out.
What were the other two generations of blockchain? Gen 1 was Bitcoin. It exists by itself and talks to nobody but Bitcoin. It is capable of peer to peer transactions without a third party in such a way that you cannot cheat the system. This was a major step forward for the E-cash concept that people have been working on for the 20 years prior.
Gen 2 was Ethereum and other smart-contract platforms that allow other coins and platforms to be built on top of their infrastructure. These coins can interact with others on the platform, but cannot interact with other platforms. Meaning it is still not truly interoperable. Most Gen 2 blockchains are also using Proof of Work likes Bitcoin, which effects scaling. Also missing is a built-in method to pay for upgrades and voting mechanics for decision making.
Gen 3 blockchains are a complete package designed to replace the current financial infrastructure of the world. Cardano is using Proof of Stake to ensure security and decentralisation(Shelley). Scaling through parallel computation (Hydra in Basho), Sidechains to allow the platform to interact with other platforms (Basho), and also include mechanisms for voting for project funding, changes to the protocol and improvement proposals (Voltaire). Finally smart contracts platform for new and established projects that are developer friendly (Goguen).
Who is the team behind Cardano? There are three organisations that are contributing to the development of Cardano. The first is the Cardano Foundation, an objective, non-profit organisation based in Switzerland. Its core responsibilities are to nurture, grow and educate Cardano users and commercial communities, to engage with authorities on regulatory and commercial matters and to act as a blockchain and cryptocurrency standards body. The second entity is IOHK, a leading cryptocurrency research and development company, which holds the contract to develop the platform until 2020. The final business partner is Emurgo, which invests in start-ups and assists commercial ventures to build on the Cardano blockchain.
www.Cardano.org www.emurgo.io https://cardanofoundation.org/en/
What is the difference between Proof of Work and Proof of stake? Both these protocols are known as “consensus protocols” that confirm whether a transaction is valid or invalid without a middleman like Visa or your bank. Every node (active and updated copy of the blockchain) can agree that the transaction did take place legitimately. If more than half validators agree, then the ledger is updated and the transaction is now secured. Proof-of-Work (PoW) happens when a miner is elected to solve an exceptionally difficult math problem and gets credit for adding a verified block to the blockchain. Finding a solution is an arduous guessing game that takes a considerable amount of computing power to compete for the correct answer. It is like “pick a number between 1 and one trillion” and when you get it right, you get $30,000 in Bitcoin, so the more computers you have working on it, the faster you can solve it. Also the more people who are trying to solve the same block, the harder the algorithm, so it may become 1 in 20 trillion. The downside is the massive amounts of power required to run the computers that run the network, and the slow pace that blocks are solved. To “Hack” a PoW system, you need 51% of the computing power, which would allow you to deny transactions, or spend the same coin twice. At the moment there are 8 main mining operations for bitcoin, and 4 of them make up more that 51% of the mining power.
PoS instead selects a coin at random that already exists, and the person who owns that coin is elected to put the work in to validate the block. This means there is no contest and no guessing game. Some computer power is required, but only a fraction of a PoW system. The complex nature of selecting a coin that exists on the correct and longest chain and is owned by someone who can complete the block, AND in such a way that it is secure AND that computer currently running AND that person also having an incentive to complete the work, has made the development of PoS very slow. However only a few years ago it wasn’t even possible. In this method, the more of the coin (ADA) you stake, the more likely you are to be selected to close a block. Cardano also allows you to delegate your stake to someone else to validate the block so they do the work, and you share in the reward for doing so.
To “hack” a PoS blockchain you need to own 51% of the tokens, which is significantly harder than owning 51% of the computing power.
What is ADA and how is it different to Cardano? Cardano is the name of the network infrastructure, and can be thought of like a rail network. ADA is the native token that has been developed alongside Cardano to facilitate the network operation. This helps confusion and maintains distinction, compared to Ethereum being the native token of Ethereum. Similar to bitcoin or any other token, ADA can be sent peer to peer as payment, but is also the reward for running the network, and what is taken as transaction fees.
In this metaphor “Cardano” is the train tracks, that everything runs on. A stake pool would be the locomotive, facilitating transactions on the network while ADA is the coal that powers the locomotive. The train carriages are Decentralised applications (Dapps) that are also running on cardano tracks, but are not actively powering the network.
What is staking Cardano is a Proof of Stake protocol, and uses already existing coins like a marker to ensure security. The protocol chooses a coin at random and the owner of that coin is elected to validate a block of transactions. Staking is the process of adding your ADA coins to a Pool that has the resources to run the network. If the pool you have chosen to "delegate" your stake to is chosen to close/validate a block, then you get a portion of the rewards. The ADA never leaves your wallet, and you can "undelegate" whenever you like. this increases stability of the network and also gives an incentive to pool operators to invest the time and hardware required to run a pool.
What is a stake-pool and how does it work? Cardano.org FAQ on the issue goes into much more detail
A stake pool is where the computing power of the network takes place. During ITN there was 1200 registered stake pools while 300 were creating blocks. You can manage your own stake-pool or delegate your ADA to an already registered pool. Rewards are determined by the protocol, however the pool may elect to charge fee Percentages, or flat rate fee to upkeep their pool.
Can I Stake my ADA right now? The staking testnet has closed, If you participated in the Incentivised Test Net and earned rewards, instructions to check the balance are here.
However if you have just purchased some or it was held on an exchange, then you will need to wait until the Shelley mainnet launch happening at the end of July 2020.
Where do I stake my ADA? Daedalus Flight wallet, and Yoroi Wallet (as a chrome extension) are the current best options. Adalite and several other third-party wallets also exist. Coinbase will also allow staking as a custodial service, and many exchanges may offer “staking as a service” so you can leave your coins on the exchange and still earn rewards if you enjoy trading. I do not recommend leaving coins on an exchange unless you are actively trading.
What are the staking rewards now and what can I expect on a return in the future? The Incentivised Test Net (ITN) Delivered 10%-15%pa returns on average. The future of staking will most likely be lower, but will depend on the amount of ADA staked across the network and the amount of network traffic.
Check https://staking.cardano.org/en/calculato for a clearer picture.
what is a Pledge? To stop one person operating many pools, the rewards that a pool earns will vary depending on the amount of personal ADA they “pledge” to open the pool. This means that 50 pools with a 1,00ADA pledge each will be overall less profitable than 1-2 pool with the max ADA pledge (unknown but likely around 300k). Even if the 50 pools have the same over stake delegated by other users and have a better chance of being selected to close a block, the 50 pools may receive lower rewards.. (at least that is the theory)
Who is IOHK? IOHK is a for-profit software engineering company founded by CEO Charles Hoskinson and Jeremy Wood in 2015 that has taken a scientific approach to the development of blockchain. IOHK started with “first principles” and looked at questions like “what is a blockchain” and “what should a blockchain be able to do” rather than accepting the established paradigm of Bitcoin and Ethereum. IOHK was originally Input Output Hong Kong, but is now Input Output Global and is based in Wyoming USA employing over 230 staff. IOHK has established research labs in several universities in order to complete the Cardano project, and is also developing Ethereum Classic, Atala, Mantis and possibly other Blockchain related programs and infrastructure.
Who is Charles? Charles Hoskinson is an early adopter of cryptocurrencies, American entrepreneur and cryptocurrency specialist. Charles Co-founded Ethereum with Vitalik Buterin and 5-8 others, However he only worked on that project for approximately six-months. Charles is now the CEO of IOHK and the director of The Bitcoin Education Project.
Why isn’t ADA on coinbase? Cardano and coinbase have recently connected in a big way. With IOHK turning over all their ADA to the custodial services of Coinbase. This means that Cardano and Coinbase have been working together for some time and there is a strong partnership forming. Staking and cold storage will be available and trading on Coinbase will most likely become available after the release of Shelley (although no official word yet)
Why Doesn’t Cardano have a Wikipedia Page? Wikipedia has strict guidelines on what can be turned into an article. As there has been no coverage of Cardano from mainstream media or “noteworthy” sources, there is no article yet. Wikipedia will also not accept sources from IOHK as they are not considered “reliable” and must come from a third party. This will most likely change soon.
Cardano does have a dedicated community driven wiki
https://cardanowiki.info/wiki/Home
What is Atala and why do I care?*
Atala is a suite of services being developed on top of the cardano blockchain by IOHK that focusses on credential certification, for things like education, work history and degrees (Atala Prism). Product counterfeiting protection through registering products on a blockchain and create taper-proof provenance. This does not only apply to Gucci handbags, but also medication, art, and anything that can be counterfeited (Atala Scan). As well as supply chain tracking to see issues and inefficiencies with greater transparency(Atala Trace).
Im new, how much is a good investment?
Cardano is still a speculative market and although there is amazing potential here, it is still only potential. When investing in any High risk market like Crypto, only every invest what you are willing to lose. Cardano may be testing the 10c barrier now. But in March it dumped to 1.7c. And if you suddenly need your money back during the dump then you are out of luck. Do your research before you FOMO in. Start with a small amount and send it between wallets and exchanges to understand how the system works. Store your private keys offline (or online cloud service but encrypted) with a method that is unlikely to be damaged AND have multiple copies. So in the case of a house fire or a blow to the head, or the cloud service being shutdown/destroyed, you do not lose your money.
Timelines
https://roadmap.cardano.org/en/
Shelley Decentralisation rollout and news
Goguen smart contract rollout
Voltaire Voting mechanics – no official roll out timeline (though promised for 2020)
Basho scaling and sidechains – no official roll out time line (most likely 2021)
submitted by YourBestMateRobbo to cardano [link] [comments]

Anyone still under the illusion of Microsoft having been transformed into a kinder, more mutually beneficial partner, please read this patent.

WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Before reading the following excerpts, keep this sequence of events in mind:
Master Slave (and we're not referring to HDDs here)
Step one: patent technology
Step two: sell slave IoT devices to consumers who readily purchase them especially after being promised that they'll be rewarded in cryotocurrency for their data.
Step three: collect data via Azure on unsuspecting human subjects' fMRI, EEG, body temperatures, EKG, sleep data, digitized health care information, consumer purchasing habits, reading and viewing preferences, social media activity and correlate with activities performed (tasks).
Step four: Use data to refine AI to profile human behavior, predict behavior and refine mind reading capabilities.
This article is actually incorporated in the patent!
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
Step five: Institute centralized global cryptocurrency financial system with no other alternatives in which to transact legally.
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4nag4b/1988_economist_cover_predicting_a_world_currency/
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/1998/09/24/one-world-one-money
Step six: To understand step six, Read George Orwell's "1984" or review the concept of an individual's freedoms being based not on the concept of natural rights but on their social credit scores.
Thank you Microsoft, Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook.
Now the patent excerpts:
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy. [0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems. For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process. [0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.
decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases.
[0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150. [0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks. [0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions). An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity). The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20l l/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Applicants * MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC[US/US]; One Microsoft Way Redmond, Washington 98052-6399, US
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy.
[0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems. For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process.
[0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter.
decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases. [0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150.
[0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks.
[0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions).
An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity). The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20l l/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
submitted by snowboardnirvana to MVIS [link] [comments]

The Bitcoin Conspiracy (an enthusiast's perspective)

I keep coming across comments, especially in this sub, from people claiming that Bitcoin was created by the CIA or some government agency as part of the plan for the NWO and cashless society. I want to share my experience and try to clear up the confusion surrounding this topic.
I first got involved with Bitcoin in late 2016 when I heard about it and got some while at a libertarian festival. Back then it was still very popular among the agorist community and was being promoted as THE silver bullet that was going to disrupt the global fiat banking system.
Putting preconceptions aside, a new user might ask, "what's so special about Bitcoin? We already have digital currencies."
Well, you only need to read the first page of the whitepaper to discover what the original intent of Bitcoin was. It most definitely was not intended to be a tool for central banks to subjugate the world to a centralized global currency. Quite the opposite in fact. Read the full whitepaper here.
When I first learned about Bitcoin, it forced me to learn about economics, then the Federal Reserve, then one by one the dominoes fell and down the conspiracy rabbit hole I went. In 2017 (actually it started a few years earlier, but I wasn't paying attention back then) there was a very heated debate in the Bitcoin community regarding scaling.
I'll try to break it down simply:
In the very early days, when Bitcoin was just a project being worked on by a few very technical people, no one knew about it. All it took was a handful of people running the software on their laptops to mine new coins. Since there was not much computing power on the network, it meant there could easily be a spam attack where a malicious user could join the network and generate many gigabytes of spam transactions that would overload and crash the network. To prevent this, Satoshi implemented a limit of 1MB per block, to protect the network until there was enough computing power to be able to handle larger blocks.
This measure worked, and Bitcoin grew exponentially.
Satoshi vanished in 2010, after WikiLeaks attracted unwanted attention to the project by accepting Bitcoin donations. He left clear instructions for his successors that the 1MB block size limit was meant to be increased once the network could support high levels of user traffic. At the time, there still was not much use, so it wasn't until around 2014 that blocks started hitting the 1MB cap and all of a sudden users had to compete (by paying higher transaction fees) in order to get their transaction mined into the next block.
Up until then, sending a Bitcoin transaction would cost $0.0001 (hundredth of a penny) or less, no matter if you were sending $0.10 or $1,000,000. Now, since block space was limited, fees started to rise, as miners would only include the transactions with the highest fees. Over the next couple years, transaction fees went up dramatically, at times reaching as high as $100 to send a single transaction.
The solution was obvious - raise the block size limit.
But this led to a heated debate, and this is where the conspiracy became obvious to those who were paying attention. Since Bitcoin was decentralized and open source, anyone could contribute, but certain people controlled the commit access to the github repo, and it became apparent that those individuals had been compromised, as any and all mention of increasing the block size was met with fierce resistance.
There was a misinformation campaign to discredit anyone arguing for larger blocks. The argument was that larger blocks would mean users could not run the software on their low-power personal devices and laptops; that by increasing the block size it would lead to mining centralization. Well, if you read the whitepaper linked above, you'll see that Satoshi predicted this. He knew mining would eventually be left to "specialized server farms" while normal users could use what he termed Simplified Payment Verification (SPV) wallets.
But this point was consistently shot down in the community, and especially on /bitcoin. There was a MASSIVE censorship campaign in the bitcoin subreddit that continues to this day where anyone who questions the official narrative or even asks a basic technical question is immediately banned. /bitcoin today is nothing but a cesspit of price memes and misinformation. Go to /btc for the uncensored discussions (but beware of trolls).
In 2017 the debate was finally settled, sort of. Now known as "Bitcoin Core" (the name of the official Bitcoin software), the developers implemented a change known as SegWit (Segregated Witness) which fundamentally altered the way the software validates transactions. It was implemented as a "soft fork" rather than a "hard fork".
I'll explain the difference.
In a fork, the network comes to a consensus on new rules that all participants must follow. In a hard fork, the changes are non-backwards compatible, so all users must update their software or else be left behind on a dead network. Hard forks happen all the time in software development, but in the case of SegWit, the developers refused to make any non-backwards compatible changes for fear it might alienate users. Again, another unfounded fear. "We can't ever upgrade the technical capabilities of the network (such as the block size) because some people might not go along with it."
All kinds of mental gymnastics were performed to justify their refusal to increase the block size, and there was nothing anyone could do about it except fork as an independent project. The 1MB block limit is now essentially set in stone for BTC. So in August 2017, Bitcoin Cash (BCH) hard forked by increasing the block size limit to 8MB, along with some other changes.
Fast forward to December 2017 and Bitcoin was at its all time high of nearly $20,000. But fees were also astronomical and because of the 1MB block size limit, a huge backlog formed, and some people had to wait days or even weeks for their transaction to confirm. If anyone was trying to cash out into fiat and didn't want to pay a $100 transaction fee, by the time their transaction got confirmed the price had already crashed.
This event was largely responsible for the bear market of 2018. Everything that happened was predicted by those who knew what was going on.
A company called Blockstream had essentially wrestled control of Bitcoin from the original developers and shut them out or gained control over them, and started working on turning Bitcoin into a settlement layer for their product called Lightning Network.
LN is a complicated topic that I don't want to get into, but essentially it's a framework that recreates all the same problems inherent in the banking system that Bitcoin was meant to solve. Blockstream's goal is to profit from creating, and then "solving" those problems by charging users fees for all kinds of custodial services.
In my personal opinion, it's obvious that the original Bitcoin project has been hijacked and repurposed into a tool for the central banks. The propaganda is being pushed in some conspiracy circles that Bitcoin was created BY the central banks in order to discourage people from researching the true history. What is now commonly called "Bitcoin" is not the original project, but a Trojan horse.
The project that most closely follows the original design is Bitcoin Cash, and that is where almost all organic development is happening, and personally I feel that it's picking up steam lately as more people wake up to what's happening in the economy right now. Unfortunately most people are still unaware of how fundamentally broken BTC is now and so as new users run toward cryptocurrency to escape the dollar collapse, most will fall straight into the trap and be stuck with BTC that they won't be able to use without paying exorbitant fees and/or submitting to the very same tracking system they are trying to get away from.
This is a very deep rabbit hole but I think I've written enough for now. I hope this info helps people make sense of what's going on with Bitcoin. I know it's confusing enough even without so much deception taking place so hopefully this helps.
Read the Bitcoin FAQ over on /btc.
submitted by PM_ME_YOUR_ALTCOINS to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Microsoft patents scheme to usher in technocratic fascism via data from IoT sensor devices and centralized cryptocurrency system

WO2020060606 - CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA
https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020060606&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION
Before reading the following excerpts, keep this sequence of events in mind:
Master Slave (and we're not referring to HDDs here)
Step one: patent technology
Step two: sell slave IoT devices to consumers who readily purchase them especially after being promised that they'll be rewarded in cryotocurrency for their data.
Step three: collect data via Microsoft Azure on unsuspecting human subjects' fMRI, EEG, body temperatures, EKG, sleep data, digitized health care information, consumer purchasing habits, reading and viewing preferences, social media activity and correlate with activities performed (tasks).
Step four: Use data to refine AI to profile human behavior, predict behavior and refine mind reading capabilities.
This article is actually incorporated in the patent!
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
Step five: Institute centralized global cryptocurrency financial system with no other alternatives in which to transact legally.
https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/4nag4b/1988_economist_cover_predicting_a_world_currency/
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/1998/09/24/one-world-one-money
Step six: To understand step six, read George Orwell's "1984" or review the concept of an individual's freedoms being based not on the concept of natural rights but on their social credit scores.
Thank you Microsoft, Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook.
Now the patent excerpts:
CRYPTOCURRENCY SYSTEM USING BODY ACTIVITY DATA BACKGROUND [0001] A virtual currency (also known as a digital currency) is a medium of exchange implemented through the Internet generally, not tied to a specific government-backed “flat” (printed) currency such as the U.S. dollar or the Euro, and typically designed to allow instantaneous transactions and borderless transfer of ownership. One example of virtual currency is cryptocurrency, wherein cryptography is used to secure transactions and to control the creation of new units. [0002] Several cryptocurrencies exist. Among these, the most well known is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. Most blockchain-based cryptocurrency is decentralized in the sense that it has no central point of control.
However, blockchain-based cryptocurrency can also be implemented in a centralized system having a central point of control over the cryptocurrency.
Bitcoin is one of the examples of blockchain-based cryptocurrency. It is described in a 2008 article by Satoshi Nakamoto, named“Bitcoin: A peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System”.
[0003] A blockchain is a data structure that stores a list of transactions and can be thought of as a distributed electronic ledger that records transactions between source identifier(s) and destination identifier(s). The transactions are bundled into blocks and every block (except for the first block) refers back to or is linked to a prior block in the blockchain. Computer resources (or nodes, etc.) maintain the blockchain and cryptographically validate each new block and the transactions contained in the corresponding block. This validation process includes computationally solving a difficult problem that is also easy to verify and is sometimes called a“proof-of-work”. This process is referred to as“mining”. The mining may be a random process with low probability so that a lot of trial and error is required to solve a computationally difficult problem. Accordingly, the mining may require enormous amounts of computational energy.
[0004] It is with respect to these and other general considerations that the following embodiments have been described. Also, although relatively specific problems have been discussed, it should be understood that the embodiments should not be limited to solving the specific problems identified in the background.
SUMMARY
[0005] Some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may use human body activity associated with a task provided to a user as a solution to“mining” challenges in cryptocurrency systems.
For example, a brain wave or body heat emitted from the user when the user performs the task provided by an information or service provider, such as viewing advertisement or using certain internet services, can be used in the mining process. Instead of massive computation work required by some conventional cryptocurrency systems, data generated based on the body activity of the user can be a proof-of-work, and therefore, a user can solve the computationally difficult problem unconsciously. Accordingly, certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may reduce computational energy for the mining process as well as make the mining process faster.
[0006] Systems, methods, and hardware aspects of computer readable storage media are provided herein for a cryptocurrency system using human body activity data. According to various embodiments of the present disclosure, a server may provide a task to a device of a user which is communicatively coupled to the server. A sensor communicatively coupled to or comprised in the device of the user may sense body activity of the user. Body activity data may be generated based on the sensed body activity of the user. A cryptocurrency system communicatively coupled to the device of the user may verify whether or not the body activity data satisfies one or more conditions set by the cryptocurrency system, and award cryptocurrency to the user whose body activity data is verified.
[0007] Examples are implemented as a computer process, a computing system, or as an article of manufacture such as a device, computer program product, or computer readable medium. According to one aspect, the computer program product is a computer storage medium readable by a computer system and encoding a computer program comprising instructions for executing a computer process.
[0008] This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used to limit the scope of the claimed subject matter. decentralized cryptocurrency networks or databases.
[0021] FIG. 1 illustrates an example environment 100 in which some exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure may be practiced. The example environment 100 includes, but is not limited to, at least one of task server 110, communication network 120, user device 130, sensor 140, and cryptocurrency system 150.
[0022] Task server 110 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130 over communication network 120. For example, task server 110 may be at least one of a web server delivering or serving up web pages, an application server handling application operations between users and applications or databases, a cloud server, a database server, a file server, a service server, a game server implementing games or services for a game, and a media server delivering media such as streaming video or audio. The tasks provided by task server 110 will be discussed in more detail below.
[0023] Alternatively, cryptocurrency system 150 may provide one or more tasks to user device 130. For example, in a decentralized cryptocurrency network, the tasks may be proposed to user device 130 by miners (e.g. compute resources or nodes 210 of FIG. 2). In another example, in a centralized cryptocurrency system, a cryptocurrency server may send the tasks to user device 130.
[0024] Communication network 120 may include any wired or wireless connection, the internet, or any other form of communication. Although one network 120 is identified in FIG. 1, communication network 120 may include any number of different communication networks between any of the server, devices, resource and system shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 and/or other servers, devices, resources and systems described herein. Communication network 120 may enable communication between various computing resources or devices, servers, and systems. Various implementations of communication network 120 may employ different types of networks, for example, but not limited to, computer networks, telecommunications networks (e.g., cellular), mobile wireless data networks, and any combination of these and/or other networks. [0025] User device 130 may include any device capable of processing and storing data/information and communicating over communication network 120. For example, user device 130 may include personal computers, servers, cell phones, tablets, laptops, smart devices (e.g. smart watches or smart televisions). An exemplary embodiment of user device 130 is illustrated in FIG. 6.
[0026] Sensor 140 may be configured to sense the body activity of user 145. As illustrated in FIG. 1, sensor 140 may be a separate component from user device 130 and be operably and/or communicatively connected to user device 130. Alternatively, sensor 140 may be included and integrated in user device 130. For example, user device 130 may be a wearable device having sensor 140 therein. The sensor 140 may transmit information/data to user device 130. Sensor 140 may include, for example, but not limited to, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanners or sensors, electroencephalography (EEG) sensors, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) sensors, heart rate monitors, thermal sensors, optical sensors, radio frequency (RF) sensors, ultrasonic sensors, cameras, or any other sensor or scanner that can measure or sense body activity or scan human body. For instance, the fMRI may measure body activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow. The fMRI may use a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the body (e.g. blood flow in the brain to detect areas of activity).
The material (http://news.berkely.edu/20ll/09/22/brain-movies/) shows one example of how the fMRI can measure brain activity associated with visual information and generate image data.
[0027] Cryptocurrency system 150 may include one or more processors for processing commands and one or more memories storing information in one or more cryptocurrency data structures. In some embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a centralized cryptocurrency system or network, for example, but not limited to, a server which may be privately run by a third party entity or the same entity that is running the task server 110. In other embodiments, cryptocurrency system 150 may be a publically accessible network system (e.g., a distributed decentralized computing system).
https://news.berkeley.edu/2011/09/22/brain-movies/ Scientists use brain imaging to reveal the movies in our mind
submitted by snowboardnirvana to conspiracy [link] [comments]

Large-scale updates of Tkeycoin. What’s next? — listing on the crypto exchange. Are you with us?

Large-scale updates of Tkeycoin. What’s next? — listing on the crypto exchange. Are you with us?

https://preview.redd.it/ojtx6mauve151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=8dd727076d495d4b624a307775e64ae83ce31c76
Hello, everyone, It’s been a long time since you heard our team, someone thought we were gone, someone was waiting, and someone disappeared himself.
All this time we have worked hard to bring you good news. We will tell you what we have prepared for you, what events will be soon, what you can use right now and what else will be new in the year. And so, let’s go!

Preparing for listing on the exchange

The pandemic period played into the hands of the entire team and we managed to build beauty in our services. In anticipation of the exchange, the team tidied up the sites and services and connected new tools. First of all, we paid attention to the preparation of all services for a foreign audience, taking into account its mentality.
New sections, localizations, nice things, and much more to ensure the most efficient use of the TKEY resource. In addition to the new tabs, the services that we will talk about in this material, there is a special page for representatives of the exchange with the necessary documentation for listing — https://tkeycoin.com/en/documentation/.

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Full localization

Already today the official website tkeycoin.com available in 5 languages: Russian, English, Korean, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional).

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We made adjustments to the Russian and English versions of the site, including support for Korean and Chinese for each section of the site. Professionals in their field, native speakers translated and adapted the information as it should be, and we, in turn, structured and framed it properly. So welcome!

https://preview.redd.it/hcnhws2zve151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=30b53c5c4f3c192c39518f66941dcfdfc5b420f5
We will update language support for the site, and soon it will include support for all languages that are available in the mobile app.

QR Codes for Asian Audience


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Our friends and residents of Asian countries actively use QR codes in their lives, both when paying in stores and when working with websites. QR codes are used almost everywhere when renting a car or bike, we just open the phone, scan and the mode of transport becomes available for use, anything is available for rent, even a battery, even an umbrella.
“It was a hot May day. Seven-year-old Wang Jiaozui came out of school and saw his grandfather, who came to pick him up. He was standing in the sun, and his shirt was soaked with sweat. Jiaozui invited the grandfather to buy a cold Cola in the shop, but he forgot her purse at home. It turned out that this is not important — the boy took his grandfather’s smartphone and called the payment app with a QR code on the screen.” ©
What to say if QR codes are used even to identify entire farms. By pasting QR codes on farm buildings and then scanning them, government inspectors can quickly figure out who owns the building and whether its owners are violating any laws.

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We must be on the trend! Now a special library generates QR codes for the desired page, any tab on the site tkeycoin.com in Chinese and Korean-accompanied by a QR code that leads to the requested page: fast, convenient, and simple.
https://preview.redd.it/73rscop3we151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=c83229e56d612450370b43b06910225701454c60
Providing this opportunity to our colleagues and future users of Tkeycoin from Asia is a friendly approach and most importantly, a strategic step on our part. After implementing QR codes, we are undoubtedly drawn into the convenience of this function, which we recommend to You:) If you like it, we will make QR codes on the Russian and English versions of the site.

Buying and withdrawing cryptocurrency to a Bankcard


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On the site, you can now buy Bitcoin for pound, dollars, euro, and any other currency. This is a powerful automated service for instant exchange of fiat currencies for cryptocurrencies. The system works around the clock and seven days a week, allowing everyone to conduct exchanges at any time of the day and in the shortest possible time.
Withdrawal to a Bank card will be available until the end of the month, we finish the details, the page is available now, and the withdrawal itself will be activated during this week. You can buy Bitcoin, Ethereum, or any other currency right now.

https://preview.redd.it/o8z0c4b7we151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=b4d684f09acd914316c986482b8dadf88718c618
These features are the future for the function of purchasing any product or service for TKEY at any point of sale, which will form the basis of the mobile app, quickly, conveniently, and most importantly, observing the letter of the law.
All we do is build an Empire that is being built before your eyes. Every service and product is connected, so any update promises the appearance of even more cool and effective features than before.

Buying cryptocurrency for pound, dollars, euros, and other currencies

At the end of February, we told you that we are working on building a payment service that will include the provision of services: buy cryptocurrencies, sell a cryptocurrency, withdraw cryptocurrency to Bank cards, etc.
This day has come, now you can buy Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether USDT, Basic Attention Token (BAT), Algorand (ALGO), Tron (TRX), OKB (Token Okex.com).

https://preview.redd.it/1pm2cnv8we151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=69473d2e5ed1b8dc75189362b46906752be29895
The purchase is available in any currency: Russian ruble, US Dollar, Euro, British pound, Ukrainian hryvnia, Indonesian rupiah, South Korean won, Japanese yen, Turkish Lira, Argentine peso.
As you can see, the currency corridors are quite extensive, which allows you to make exchanges fast and at a favorable rate. Just choose the right pair to exchange or buy, available fiat currencies: RUB, USD, EUR, GBP, UAH, IDR, KRW, JPY, TRY, ARS, available cryptocurrencies: BTC, ETH, BAT, USDT, ALGO, TRX, OKB.
Even if this wide list does not include the currency you want to buy, such as Bitcoin or USDT, it’s okay — the service will automatically convert your currency into the payment currency and the Bank will make the exchange. Exchanges take place within 1–3 minutes, it is enough to pass quick verification once, which allows you to work with a volume of > 15,000 euros per month.

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Exchange of cryptocurrencies for pound, dollars, euros, and withdrawal of Bankcard

In addition to the fact that you can now easily buy a cryptocurrency for fiat currencies, pound, dollars or any other, during this week we will finish work on the withdrawal to a Bank card and you can easily withdraw your profit to the card, the most important thing is that this is a completely legal method, and all operations pass through banks and jurisdictions where work with digital assets is legalized.
This means that when you buy or make a withdrawal to the card, you get legal funds that are credited to you by the Bank or payment system.
If you are used to working with effective tools that work in a new way, or rather correctly and legally, then this service is for you. Fast crediting, easy exchange, a large selection of currency pairs, that’s what the company is betting on.
We work with the most reliable third-party partners to make your cryptocurrency process easy and convenient, and most importantly safe for You. The service supports plastic and virtual Bank cards VISA, MasterCard, MIR, and other payment systems for fast payment processing.

https://preview.redd.it/x1jnm1ccwe151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=f86fc353ad5f207db8d233821204b521ba0b3d0e
On the exchange page, you can choose any currency pair to exchange in the opposite direction, for example, GBP to BTC or USD to BTC. Choose a suitable pair for exchange, available fiat currencies: RUB, USD, EUR, GBP, UAH, IDR, KRW, JPY, TRY, ARS, available cryptocurrencies for exchange: BTC, ETH, BAT, USDT, ALGO, TRX, OKB.
How it works
When buying cryptocurrency for the first time, your Bank reserves (holds) the requested amount, then this amount is transferred to the authorization waiting state. As soon as the Bank freezes the fiat funds, the service fixes the exchange rate at the time of creating the application, reserves the cryptocurrency, and provides you with 30–40 minutes to complete verification. After successful verification, the service charges cryptocurrency to the wallet.

Quick verification

Verification takes 2–3 minutes and requires only one time to perform operations every day. The “Know Your Customer” (KYC) procedure is necessary to exchange cryptocurrencies for fiat currencies.

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As you understand, you need to pass verification 1 time, regardless of whether you withdraw funds or buy currency, after passing verification, all services are available to You without any further confirmation.

New currency

Support for other currencies, including TKEY, will be added gradually and highlighted through service updates. As for the TKEY exchange, it will become available in exchange services after listing on the exchange. Listing on an exchange allows you to automate the exchange process, link the necessary services, and most importantly, the exchange provides liquidity, which is key when we talk about exchanging for a particular currency.
We will tell you more about the operation of the service and its advantages, chips, in a separate material dedicated to the withdrawal and purchase of cryptocurrencies for fiat currencies, as well as touch on various banking issues and tell you how you can combine the SWAP service for more efficient exchange and withdrawal to the card.

Charitable activity

By making an exchange or purchase of cryptocurrency, you help children and people who need our help. We deduct 0.1% of the profit from each transaction to charity funds.
This is the fastest and most comfortable way of charity, which allows you to bring together people who are not indifferent to other people’s problems. TKEY enables people to do good deeds, and the resulting turnover profit of 0.1% is sent to charity funds every month. Together with You, we create new opportunities for people in need who need help — “Big things have small beginnings”.
How does it work?
You have made an exchange or purchase operation, the company has accumulated the volume of these operations for a month->the company has chosen a charity Fund->sent funds to the charity Fund’s account. Priority charity funds are children’s aid funds. You can always suggest a candidate for a particular Fund by sending a message to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
Why do we write Funds and not a Fund?
This is the first launch of the service, so depending on the monthly volume, we will focus on distributing funds to one charity or several. For example, if we have accumulated $ 10,000, we can distribute $ 5,000 to 2 funds. if we have accumulated $ 100, it is logical that we will only send this amount to 1 Fund. With the development of the service, we will be able to focus on several funds, which we will actively help due to the received volume.

New sections, improvements for existing services

Menu logic and site structure

The menu logic has been revised. now more items are available on the menu and they are divided into sections. Navigation through the sections has become much easier and more convenient. for some sections, QR codes are available for Russian and English-speaking audiences, and for representatives of Asian countries, all sections are available by QR code.

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TKEYSPACE Promo Page

New blocks were added, the entire page was fully localized and is available in Chinese, Korean, English and Russian, and QR codes were added for easy navigation for the Asian audience.

Documentation for the exchange

We have already mentioned that there is a section for exchanges with the necessary documentation for listing, now it is available in English. In the next updates, it will be translated into Russian, Chinese (Traditional and Simplified), and Korean.

Market Data (Coin Data)

The market data section has been optimized for mobile apps. Charts are expanded and optimized page borders for most mobile devices, and you can search for cryptocurrencies and tokens that interest you.

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FAQ

Added answers to frequently asked questions in various sections of the site, You can find the information directly on the section page, for example, TKEY-QT, SWAP or Core. Right on the page there is a FAQ section, in which we disclose answers to questions, for example: How are You going to solve the scalability problem, or why did you choose Phoenix as the logo and symbol of the project, or how do you exchange cryptocurrency for pound or dollars? As you can see, you can get answers to different questions, depending on the topic of the site section.

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Footer

For convenience, the site’s footer has been expanded and new sections (quick tabs) are included, which are also available in the QR-code format. In addition to various details, the footer is now accompanied by the company’s coat of arms — the Phoenix, which is the symbol of the entire community, the Phoenix Alliance.

https://preview.redd.it/xija83vjwe151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=dd7ce476b53ebe2a891d32231725650bac7ba181

Page 404

Added page 404, which is also an integral part of the site. now when you go to a non-existent site page, all the necessary menu items are fully available to us, which will quickly Orient You and direct you to the desired section.

https://preview.redd.it/i8f7qi9lwe151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=02449b35c631bcb0667336edb4f912cbcf1dfb58

What is waiting for us in the nearest future?

In addition to various improvements, connecting services, our team has been working every day on other main areas of the Tkeycoin project, which are already being prepared for the next release and we will tell you what updates, what plans, events, and what else will be interesting this year.

Online conference with management

An online conference in question-answer format will be organized. The main task of the conference, in addition to questions and answers, is to discuss plans, talk about new directions, touch on issues of legislation, and analyze current issues of users.
The online meeting format will allow you to get feedback and discuss a large number of issues in a short time. Questions related to technical support and other questions that can be answered through the administration will not be discussed.
The meeting involves the development, constructive, and suggestions from users for further development of the Tkeycoin project. If you are interested in participating in the conference, you can also make business proposals during it, please use the time to your advantage. We work for you.

New content: reports, new categories, useful information

Based on user feedback, we introduce new categories to our content plan:
Reports This section will be accompanied by information about the work done by the team for the month, the format of submission — abstracts, highlights. This format will help establish feedback between users and developers.
Question-answer
In addition to the content that we produce ourselves, users have questions that arise during the process of working with the project’s services, as well as during interaction with the project itself. To avoid making guesses and making up stories, we have introduced the question-answer category.
Users ask questions in comments, and the company prepares answers based on the questions and they are published in the post. Depending on the number of questions, the post generates all the answers, or the post is divided into parts if the number of questions for the past period was the largest. In addition to asking questions, you can make suggestions to the project, for example, about new features or directions.
This format also builds feedback and helps to improve all services. the most important thing is that it can not only help us but also you, as the offer and questions will help you focus on the tasks that the end-user wants to see.

TKEY-POOL (Tkeycoin pool)

We are completing the work and debugging of the official pool for Tkeycoin, this is a completely new approach for mining Tkeycoin. The pool will feature higher performance and stable architecture, a light interface, and objective commissions.
A pool is a highly loaded system that works 24/7/365, it turns out that such a product hides a sufficient number of lines of code and, most importantly, is built on a reliable architecture that can withstand +50000–100000 miners, not to mention the number of connected devices for this number of miners.
A cryptocurrency pool is a combination of the hardware power of many miners at once to increase the probability of finding a block. The reward for a block obtained by the pool is distributed among all participants.
The TKEY pool is developed taking into account the features of the Tkeycoin blockchain, including multi-blockchain, transaction model, hashing, blocks, and other nuances that are an upgrade of the blockchain among others. Together with the pool, the TKEY network is being tested: high loads, attacks, and other tests that show positive results, proving that the TKEY blockchain can work under any loads and is protected from attacks.
Our task was to: 1. Stable system for handling high loads; 2. Adaptation pool for any software; 3. Connecting any hardware for mining cryptocurrency Tkeycoin; 4. Fair remuneration calculation; 5. Security.
The main goal is for any user, regardless of the software and hardware used, to be able to connect to Tkeycoin mining via a pool. The first releases will be accompanied by a simple user-friendly interface, easy connection, instructions for various mining programs that can be connected.
In future releases, we will optimize the operation of the pool, add new features, as well as tracking functions and other nice things. any suggestions from miners and the community are interesting to us and will be implemented, so do not hesitate to send your suggestions after the launch.

TKEYSPACE updates


https://preview.redd.it/fjy2dkanwe151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=99dedd6aa59ae7eb4d585d2ef1ddae4cc6dd50f9
Work on the TkeySpace mobile app is also not standing still. We will soon release updates for TkeySpace on Android and iOS.
This release is a complete transition to the most stable version of the mobile wallet. This means that after the update, even with the largest changes, the user will not need to completely reinstall or restore to use the new features, as before, just update the app via the AppStore or GooglePlay.
Between the previous update has been a sufficient amount of time, on average, updates are released once a month. This update will be one of the major ones. We are finishing work on the code to prepare the app for the new features that will be available this year. Besides, we are improving the app’s logic, data processing speed, optimizing the code, restoring order, and preparing for the global market.

Exchange, purchase of cryptocurrency and withdrawal to the Debit/Credit Card


https://preview.redd.it/1maxjrqowe151.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=cefd5bf1ec823049eeb25640c470024a41c0430c
In addition to pleasant optimizations, the app will display the exchange and withdrawal to a Bankcard, tab with an optimized page for exchange, withdrawal, and the purchase will be available directly in the mobile app. This upgrade will also capture the cryptocurrency exchange SWAP page, which can be evaluated after the update. Other features and new features will be announced by the developers immediately after the release.

SWAP Update

The development team is finishing work on optimizing the SWAP service. Regardless of updates, it is available in working mode 24/7/365. The team is working on improving the operation, optimizing the page, changing the interfaces, improving navigation, and speeding up query processing. This update is also among the upcoming ones, along with the pool, mobile wallets, and other news that will excite.

Network Statistics

In the network statistics section, there are several sections that will be fixed — this is the hash rate of the network and the volume of Tkeycoin. Now the volume of Tkeycoin is displayed by mTKEY, and the graph itself indicates M TKEY, the user may incorrectly understand the volume of transactions in the network, so, given the current volume, it is advisable to switch the display to TKEY, and in the future switch to mTKEY for large volumes.
TKEY is divided into cryptograms (CryptoGramm, cgr), uTKEY (keys), and mTKEY. 1 TKEY = 100 000 000 cryptograms. 1 mTKEY = 100,000 cryptograms. 1 TKEY contains 1000 mTKEY. 1 mTKEY = 0.00100000 TKEY 1 uTKEY =100 cryptograms 1 TKEY contains 1,000,000 utkeys. 1 uTKEY (keys) = 0.00000100 TKEY 1 cgr = 0.00000001 TKEY

Cryptocurrency Exchange

This issue has become the cause of mass discussions, disputes, investigations, the subject of memes, kitchen, and online conversations, that just did not happen, that TKEY is not taken anywhere, someone made guesses that we are waiting for everyone to run away, or TKEY is a world conspiracy and around some actors, you can write a book or shoot a great series, not worse than Breaking Bad.
Jokes, jokes, but the question is serious. Since the 4th quarter of last year, the company has been actively working on the issue of listing, prepared the necessary platform for this, held several meetings, negotiations, released the necessary products, figured out various transfers of funds to the blockchain, worked out many small things, many major issues that were behind the scenes. Everything is ready, and it’s time to start soon. This will be a surprise, believe it or not, and we will meet you on the stock exchanges :)

What other plans does the company have?

Enabling payment at retail outlets

After entering the exchange, we will actively engage in connecting payments to implement them and link them to TKEY. The plan, strategy, and legal component are ready.

Payment development

This implies the development of payments and services that will expand the use of digital currencies in the commercial sphere. Application on the territory of Russia will depend on the Federal law on the CFA, in any case, we plan to analyze the law, after its release, to find a legal way to implement payments based on blockchain and digital assets. Therefore, until the law is released, we are keeping this initiative in the future, and we will work on other jurisdictions that will support it.
We left some plans behind the scenes, because they will make the greatest impact on the market and the value of our asset, and this — likes silence.

What useful materials will be released soon?

How to effectively use the SWAP service together with the exchange and purchase of cryptocurrency from a Bank card?

We will tell you in detail how to use these 2 services, how to save on payments and purchases, how to exchange tokens that are very difficult to exchange, how to quickly get money for them to the card, and much more.

The law CFA

Our opinion about the law of cryptocurrencies in Russia, what to pay attention to, what to prepare for, how to act if there is a complete ban. Let’s talk about legal nuances and banking practices.

TKEY blockchain

In this material, we will talk about the blockchain, analyze the issues of the system, expand the questions on attacks, payment processing, and touch on the system of multiple chains. The article suggests your suggestions, perhaps someone will have ideas that we will implement in the chain.
At the end,
Don’t forget to ask questions in the comments or send suggestions to [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) we will be happy to respond and consider your requests for any of our services. Collaboration, feedback, help us make the whole platform better.
Thank you for being with us! Until new meetings, stay tuned for news, updates, because the most unexpected news comes spontaneously.
submitted by tkeycoin to Tkeycoin_Official [link] [comments]

AT2: Asynchronous Trustworthy Transfers

AT2, a fairly new unknown tech to create a decentralized asset transfer system without blockchain.
This week there was an article @ www.computing.co.uk. See below.
link: https://www.computing.co.uk/feature/4017118/at2-answer-cryptocurrency-energy-performance
AT2 paper: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1812.10844.pdf

Could AT2 be the answer to cryptocurrency's energy and performance problems?
Blockchains are slow, wasteful and ill-suited for digital currencies, say researchers who believe they've found a better way
Blockchains solve a hard problem: how to ensure consensus across a distributed, decentralised network, where messages arrive out of order if at all, where individual nodes may fail, and where a certain proportion may be actively malicious.
The original blockchain, bitcoin, was designed to support a novel digital currency, and the issue its consensus algorithm solved was preventing double-spend. It also successfully introduced game theory for security: adversaries would have to spend more money on an attack than they could expect to gain financially. All this and the original protocol was just a few hundred lines of code.
But this achievement came at a high cost in terms of energy use and performance.
With bitcoin, a new leader is required to verify each block of transactions, that leader being the first device to complete a computationally heavy challenge (Proof of Work, PoW). As a result, the blockchain's throughput is painfully slow at around seven transactions per second (Visa claims it can do 56,000) and the whole process is massively wasteful of energy. These drawbacks have been surmounted, to some degree, in newer blockchain designs using overlay networks, sharding and different types of "proofs of" and by non-blockchain directed acyclic graphs (DAGs), but each requires tradeoffs in terms of centralisation, complexity or security.
A group of researchers led by computer scientist Professor Rachid Guerraoui of Swiss University Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) decided to look afresh at the problem. Is this gargantuan security apparatus, in which every node in a network of thousands or millions must come to a consensus about the ordering of events, really necessary everytime someone makes a purchase? Could a leaderless mechanism be applied to the problem instead? If so, could it be guaranteed to be reliably consistent, even when a certain number of nodes are malicious or faulty (Byzantine)?
The headline answer, published in an initial paper last year, is that network-wide consensus is overkill for simple asset transfers. If cryptocurrencies could be rebooted, all the fossil fuels burned by miners of bitcoin and its clones could be left in the ground and Visa-level transaction speeds could be achieved without any loss of security or reliance on centralised control. As compact as Satoshi's original bitcoin protocol itself, the few hundred lines of code that make up their Asynchronous Trusted Transfers (AT2) algorithm could solve some of the tricky problems that have plagued decentralised token-based networks from the off.
AT2 can be used to validate transactions within two different decentralised networking scenarios: (1) permissioned or small unpermissioned networks, and (2) global scale unpermissioned networks. In the first case, the algorithm uses quorum for validating actions, whereby a certain proportion of the network's nodes must agree an action is correct before it can take place. The second scenario, networks made up of very large number of machines (nodes), uses probabilistic sampling. Instead of asking all nodes it checks a number of randomly selected nodes for their viewpoint. This is much more efficient and scalable than the deterministic quorum but carries a tiny (ca. 10-15) possibility of failure.
Doing away with network-wide consensus means AT2 sidesteps the bane of decentralised networks, the FLP Impossibility - the theory that in a fully asynchronous system, a deterministic consensus algorithm cannot be safe, live and fault-tolerant.
Computing caught up with Matteo Monti, who worked on the statistical aspects of AT2, and by email with Guerraoui to find out more. We also spoke to David Irvine of networking firm MaidSafe, which has adopted AT2 to simplify its consensus process.

Incentivising improvements
We asked Monti (pictured) to summarise the innovation that AT2 brings to the table.
"What we noticed is that there's a specific subclass of problems that can be solved on a decentralised, distributed network without requiring consensus," he said. "The main use for consensus at the moment, cryptocurrency transactions, is part of that class. We can solve this using a weaker abstraction and in doing so you gain the ability to work in a completely asynchronous environment."
Bitcoin doesn't even solve consensus well. It solves eventual consensus which an even weaker abstraction, he added, whereas AT2 can guarantee strong eventual consistency. Another issue it tackles is PoW's incentivization model which means that improvements in technology do not translate into a better performing network.
"With bitcoin, the bottleneck is always electricity. If everyone doubles their computational speed it's not going to change the efficiency of the network. Everyone's competing not to compute but to waste energy."
In place of PoW, AT2 uses ‘Proof of Bandwidth', i.e. evidence of recent interaction, to verify that a node is real. Since it doesn't rely on consensus, the performance of AT2 should allow messaging speeds across the network that approach the theoretical maximum, and improvements in hardware will translate into better overall performance.

Security measures
Blockchains like bitcoin are extremely resilient against Sybil attacks; bitcoin is still running after all, in the face of unwavering opposition from powerful nation states and bankers. Sybil attacks are a major vulnerability in permissionless decentralised networks where anyone can join anonymously, but there are others too.
Monti said the most challenging aspect of designing the AT2 algorithm was distilling all the potential types of dangerous Byzantine behaviour into a manageable set so they could be treated using probability theory. As a result of studying many possible failure scenarios, including Sybil, the algorithm is able to quickly react to deviations from the norm.
Other security features flow from the fact that each network node needs to know only a limited amount about its counterparts for the system to function. For example, the randomness used in sampling operations is generated locally on the calling device rather than on the network, making this vector hard to utilise by an attacker looking to influence events.
Signals are passed across the network via a messaging system called Byzantine Reliable Broadcasting (BRB) a gossip-based method by which nodes can quickly and reliably come to an agreement about a message even if some are Byzantine.
As a result of these features, AT2 does not rely on economic game theory for security, said Monti.
"I'd go as far as saying that the moment you need to implement an economic disadvantage to attacking the system, it means that you failed to make it impossible to attack the system. We don't care about your interests in attacking the system. What we want to achieve is a proof that no matter what you do, the system will not be compromised."

‘Crypto-Twitter'
AT2 starts with the simple idea that rather than requiring the whole network to maintain a time-ordered record of my transactions (as with a blockchain or DAG), the only person who needs to keep that tally is me.
If I decide to spend some money, I merely announce that fact to the network over BRB and this request will be held in a memory snapshot escrow. Depending on the network type, a representative sample or a quorum of other nodes then check my balance and inspect my ordered transaction history to ensure that the funds haven't already been spent (each transaction has a unique sequential ID) and provided all is correct the transaction is guaranteed to go through, even if up to a third of those validators are malicious. If I try to cheat, the transaction will be blocked.
Monti likens a wallet on an AT2 network to a social media timeline.
"What we've proved, essentially, is that you can have a cryptocurrency on Twitter," he explained.
"A payment works in two steps. First, there's a withdrawal from my account via a tweet, then the second step is a deposit, or a retweet. I tweet a message saying I want to pay Bob. Bob then retweets this message on his own timeline, and in the act of retweeting he's depositing money in his account.
"So everyone has their own independent timeline and while the messages - my tweets - are strictly ordered, that's only in my own timeline; I don't care about ordering relative to other timelines. If I try to pay someone else, it will be obvious by the sequence of tweets in my account, and my account only, whether I can perform that payment.
"In contrast, consensus effectively squeezes all of the messages into a unique timeline on which everybody agrees. But this is overkill, you don't need it. We can prove that it still works even if the ordering is partial and not total, and this enables us to switch from consensus to reliable broadcast."
But of course, nothing comes for free. AT2 can verify exchanges of tokenised assets, but aside from arrangements between a small number of opted-in parties, it does not have the ability to support smart contracts of the type that are viable on ethereum and other blockchains, because this does require network-wide consensus. Guerraoui said his team is working on "refinements and extensions" to support such functionality in the future.

Early adopters
AT2 is still pretty ‘cutting edge'. Three papers have been accepted for peer review the latest published in February, but it provides the sort of efficiencies and simplifications that could bring real progress. Guerraoui said AT2 has "received interest from many groups including companies ‘selling' blockchain approaches, as well as companies and organisations using such approaches".
One organisation that has already picked up on the potential of AT2 is Scotland's MaidSafe, creator of the SAFE Network. MaidSafe is already using AT2 to replace its Parsec consensus algorithm, which testing showed was indeed overkill for many network operations. CEO David Irvine said he and his colleagues came across AT2 while working on another way of propagating changes to data without consensus, conflict-free data replicated types (CRDTs), promptly forked the code and started to apply it.
SAFE, currently in Alpha, is a sharded network, meaning it's subdivided into small semi-autonomous sections. On a network level, the way it works is that trusted 'elder' nodes vote on a requested action then pass instructions to other sections to carry it out.
AT2 allows the initial task of accumulating the votes for an action, which had been done by the elders using a consensus algorithm, to be moved off the network and onto the requesting client which is much more lightweight and efficient. Once a quorum of votes has been gathered, the client simply resubmits the request and the elders will ensure it's carried out. The system is much simpler and should be more secure too. "It's 200 lines of logic compared to 15,000 for a start," Irvine said.
AT2 is not just used to validate token transfers. By the same mechanism, it can also be used to authorise requests to store or change data. Together with CRDTs, which guarantee that such changes cannot fail, this makes for a very tight and efficient ship, said Irvine.
"AT2 is for us a missing link. The difficulty of several nodes agreeing is simplified by the initiator taking on the effort of accumulating quorum votes. It seems so simple but in fact, it's an amazing innovation. It certainly falls into the category of 'why didn't I think of that?'."
submitted by ZaadNek to CryptoTechnology [link] [comments]

Where is Bitcoin Going and When?

Where is Bitcoin Going and When?

The Federal Reserve and the United States government are pumping extreme amounts of money into the economy, already totaling over $484 billion. They are doing so because it already had a goal to inflate the United States Dollar (USD) so that the market can continue to all-time highs. It has always had this goal. They do not care how much inflation goes up by now as we are going into a depression with the potential to totally crash the US economy forever. They believe the only way to save the market from going to zero or negative values is to inflate it so much that it cannot possibly crash that low. Even if the market does not dip that low, inflation serves the interest of powerful people.
The impending crash of the stock market has ramifications for Bitcoin, as, though there is no direct ongoing-correlation between the two, major movements in traditional markets will necessarily affect Bitcoin. According to the Blockchain Center’s Cryptocurrency Correlation Tool, Bitcoin is not correlated with the stock market. However, when major market movements occur, they send ripples throughout the financial ecosystem which necessary affect even ordinarily uncorrelated assets.
Therefore, Bitcoin will reach X price on X date after crashing to a price of X by X date.

Stock Market Crash

The Federal Reserve has caused some serious consternation with their release of ridiculous amounts of money in an attempt to buoy the economy. At face value, it does not seem to have any rationale or logic behind it other than keeping the economy afloat long enough for individuals to profit financially and politically. However, there is an underlying basis to what is going on which is important to understand in order to profit financially.
All markets are functionally price probing systems. They constantly undergo a price-discovery process. In a fiat system, money is an illusory and a fundamentally synthetic instrument with no intrinsic value – similar to Bitcoin. The primary difference between Bitcoin is the underlying technology which provides a slew of benefits that fiat does not. Fiat, however, has an advantage in being able to have the support of powerful nation-states which can use their might to insure the currency’s prosperity.
Traditional stock markets are composed of indices (pl. of index). Indices are non-trading market instruments which are essentially summaries of business values which comprise them. They are continuously recalculated throughout a trading day, and sometimes reflected through tradable instruments such as Exchange Traded Funds or Futures. Indices are weighted by market capitalizations of various businesses.
Price theory essentially states that when a market fails to take out a new low in a given range, it will have an objective to take out the high. When a market fails to take out a new high, it has an objective to make a new low. This is why price-time charts go up and down, as it does this on a second-by-second, minute-by-minute, day-by-day, and even century-by-century basis. Therefore, market indices will always return to some type of bull market as, once a true low is formed, the market will have a price objective to take out a new high outside of its’ given range – which is an all-time high. Instruments can only functionally fall to zero, whereas they can grow infinitely.
So, why inflate the economy so much?
Deflation is disastrous for central banks and markets as it raises the possibility of producing an overall price objective of zero or negative values. Therefore, under a fractional reserve system with a fiat currency managed by a central bank – the goal of the central bank is to depreciate the currency. The dollar is manipulated constantly with the intention of depreciating its’ value.
Central banks have a goal of continued inflated fiat values. They tend to ordinarily contain it at less than ten percent (10%) per annum in order for the psyche of the general populace to slowly adjust price increases. As such, the markets are divorced from any other logic. Economic policy is the maintenance of human egos, not catering to fundamental analysis. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth is well-known not to be a measure of actual growth or output. It is a measure of increase in dollars processed. Banks seek to produce raising numbers which make society feel like it is growing economically, making people optimistic. To do so, the currency is inflated, though inflation itself does not actually increase growth. When society is optimistic, it spends and engages in business – resulting in actual growth. It also encourages people to take on credit and debts, creating more fictional fiat.
Inflation is necessary for markets to continue to reach new heights, generating positive emotional responses from the populace, encouraging spending, encouraging debt intake, further inflating the currency, and increasing the sale of government bonds. The fiat system only survives by generating more imaginary money on a regular basis.
Bitcoin investors may profit from this by realizing that stock investors as a whole always stand to profit from the market so long as it is managed by a central bank and does not collapse entirely. If those elements are filled, it has an unending price objective to raise to new heights. It also allows us to realize that this response indicates that the higher-ups believe that the economy could crash in entirety, and it may be wise for investors to have multiple well-thought-out exit strategies.

Economic Analysis of Bitcoin

The reason why the Fed is so aggressively inflating the economy is due to fears that it will collapse forever or never rebound. As such, coupled with a global depression, a huge demand will appear for a reserve currency which is fundamentally different than the previous system. Bitcoin, though a currency or asset, is also a market. It also undergoes a constant price-probing process. Unlike traditional markets, Bitcoin has the exact opposite goal. Bitcoin seeks to appreciate in value and not depreciate. This has a quite different affect in that Bitcoin could potentially become worthless and have a price objective of zero.
Bitcoin was created in 2008 by a now famous mysterious figure known as Satoshi Nakamoto and its’ open source code was released in 2009. It was the first decentralized cryptocurrency to utilize a novel protocol known as the blockchain. Up to one megabyte of data may be sent with each transaction. It is decentralized, anonymous, transparent, easy to set-up, and provides myriad other benefits. Bitcoin is not backed up by anything other than its’ own technology.
Bitcoin is can never be expected to collapse as a framework, even were it to become worthless. The stock market has the potential to collapse in entirety, whereas, as long as the internet exists, Bitcoin will be a functional system with a self-authenticating framework. That capacity to persist regardless of the actual price of Bitcoin and the deflationary nature of Bitcoin means that it has something which fiat does not – inherent value.
Bitcoin is based on a distributed database known as the “blockchain.” Blockchains are essentially decentralized virtual ledger books, replete with pages known as “blocks.” Each page in a ledger is composed of paragraph entries, which are the actual transactions in the block.
Blockchains store information in the form of numerical transactions, which are just numbers. We can consider these numbers digital assets, such as Bitcoin. The data in a blockchain is immutable and recorded only by consensus-based algorithms. Bitcoin is cryptographic and all transactions are direct, without intermediary, peer-to-peer.
Bitcoin does not require trust in a central bank. It requires trust on the technology behind it, which is open-source and may be evaluated by anyone at any time. Furthermore, it is impossible to manipulate as doing so would require all of the nodes in the network to be hacked at once – unlike the stock market which is manipulated by the government and “Market Makers”. Bitcoin is also private in that, though the ledge is openly distributed, it is encrypted. Bitcoin’s blockchain has one of the greatest redundancy and information disaster recovery systems ever developed.
Bitcoin has a distributed governance model in that it is controlled by its’ users. There is no need to trust a payment processor or bank, or even to pay fees to such entities. There are also no third-party fees for transaction processing. As the ledge is immutable and transparent it is never possible to change it – the data on the blockchain is permanent. The system is not easily susceptible to attacks as it is widely distributed. Furthermore, as users of Bitcoin have their private keys assigned to their transactions, they are virtually impossible to fake. No lengthy verification, reconciliation, nor clearing process exists with Bitcoin.
Bitcoin is based on a proof-of-work algorithm. Every transaction on the network has an associated mathetical “puzzle”. Computers known as miners compete to solve the complex cryptographic hash algorithm that comprises that puzzle. The solution is proof that the miner engaged in sufficient work. The puzzle is known as a nonce, a number used only once. There is only one major nonce at a time and it issues 12.5 Bitcoin. Once it is solved, the fact that the nonce has been solved is made public.
A block is mined on average of once every ten minutes. However, the blockchain checks every 2,016,000 minutes (approximately four years) if 201,600 blocks were mined. If it was faster, it increases difficulty by half, thereby deflating Bitcoin. If it was slower, it decreases, thereby inflating Bitcoin. It will continue to do this until zero Bitcoin are issued, projected at the year 2140. On the twelfth of May, 2020, the blockchain will halve the amount of Bitcoin issued when each nonce is guessed. When Bitcoin was first created, fifty were issued per block as a reward to miners. 6.25 BTC will be issued from that point on once each nonce is solved.
Unlike fiat, Bitcoin is a deflationary currency. As BTC becomes scarcer, demand for it will increase, also raising the price. In this, BTC is similar to gold. It is predictable in its’ output, unlike the USD, as it is based on a programmed supply. We can predict BTC’s deflation and inflation almost exactly, if not exactly. Only 21 million BTC will ever be produced, unless the entire network concedes to change the protocol – which is highly unlikely.
Some of the drawbacks to BTC include congestion. At peak congestion, it may take an entire day to process a Bitcoin transaction as only three to five transactions may be processed per second. Receiving priority on a payment may cost up to the equivalent of twenty dollars ($20). Bitcoin mining consumes enough energy in one day to power a single-family home for an entire week.

Trading or Investing?

The fundamental divide in trading revolves around the question of market structure. Many feel that the market operates totally randomly and its’ behavior cannot be predicted. For the purposes of this article, we will assume that the market has a structure, but that that structure is not perfect. That market structure naturally generates chart patterns as the market records prices in time. In order to determine when the stock market will crash, causing a major decline in BTC price, we will analyze an instrument, an exchange traded fund, which represents an index, as opposed to a particular stock. The price patterns of the various stocks in an index are effectively smoothed out. In doing so, a more technical picture arises. Perhaps the most popular of these is the SPDR S&P Standard and Poor 500 Exchange Traded Fund ($SPY).
In trading, little to no concern is given about value of underlying asset. We are concerned primarily about liquidity and trading ranges, which are the amount of value fluctuating on a short-term basis, as measured by volatility-implied trading ranges. Fundamental analysis plays a role, however markets often do not react to real-world factors in a logical fashion. Therefore, fundamental analysis is more appropriate for long-term investing.
The fundamental derivatives of a chart are time (x-axis) and price (y-axis). The primary technical indicator is price, as everything else is lagging in the past. Price represents current asking price and incorrectly implementing positions based on price is one of the biggest trading errors.
Markets and currencies ordinarily have noise, their tendency to back-and-fill, which must be filtered out for true pattern recognition. That noise does have a utility, however, in allowing traders second chances to enter favorable positions at slightly less favorable entry points. When you have any market with enough liquidity for historical data to record a pattern, then a structure can be divined. The market probes prices as part of an ongoing price-discovery process. Market technicians must sometimes look outside of the technical realm and use visual inspection to ascertain the relevance of certain patterns, using a qualitative eye that recognizes the underlying quantitative nature
Markets and instruments rise slower than they correct, however they rise much more than they fall. In the same vein, instruments can only fall to having no worth, whereas they could theoretically grow infinitely and have continued to grow over time. Money in a fiat system is illusory. It is a fundamentally synthetic instrument which has no intrinsic value. Hence, the recent seemingly illogical fluctuations in the market.
According to trade theory, the unending purpose of a market or instrument is to create and break price ranges according to the laws of supply and demand. We must determine when to trade based on each market inflection point as defined in price and in time as opposed to abandoning the trend (as the contrarian trading in this sub often does). Time and Price symmetry must be used to be in accordance with the trend. When coupled with a favorable risk to reward ratio, the ability to stay in the market for most of the defined time period, and adherence to risk management rules; the trader has a solid methodology for achieving considerable gains.
We will engage in a longer term market-oriented analysis to avoid any time-focused pressure. The Bitcoin market is open twenty-four-hours a day, so trading may be done when the individual is ready, without any pressing need to be constantly alert. Let alone, we can safely project months in advance with relatively high accuracy. Bitcoin is an asset which an individual can both trade and invest, however this article will be focused on trading due to the wide volatility in BTC prices over the short-term.

Technical Indicator Analysis of Bitcoin

Technical indicators are often considered self-fulfilling prophecies due to mass-market psychology gravitating towards certain common numbers yielded from them. They are also often discounted when it comes to BTC. That means a trader must be especially aware of these numbers as they can prognosticate market movements. Often, they are meaningless in the larger picture of things.
  • Volume – derived from the market itself, it is mostly irrelevant. The major problem with volume for stocks is that the US market open causes tremendous volume surges eradicating any intrinsic volume analysis. This does not occur with BTC, as it is open twenty-four-seven. At major highs and lows, the market is typically anemic. Most traders are not active at terminal discretes (peaks and troughs) because of levels of fear. Volume allows us confidence in time and price symmetry market inflection points, if we observe low volume at a foretold range of values. We can rationalize that an absolute discrete is usually only discovered and anticipated by very few traders. As the general market realizes it, a herd mentality will push the market in the direction favorable to defending it. Volume is also useful for swing trading, as chances for swing’s validity increases if an increase in volume is seen on and after the swing’s activation. Volume is steadily decreasing. Lows and highs are reached when volume is lower.
Therefore, due to the relatively high volume on the 12th of March, we can safely determine that a low for BTC was not reached.
  • VIX – Volatility Index, this technical indicator indicates level of fear by the amount of options-based “insurance” in portfolios. A low VIX environment, less than 20 for the S&P index, indicates a stable market with a possible uptrend. A high VIX, over 20, indicates a possible downtrend. VIX is essentially useless for BTC as BTC-based options do not exist. It allows us to predict the market low for $SPY, which will have an indirect impact on BTC in the short term, likely leading to the yearly low. However, it is equally important to see how VIX is changing over time, if it is decreasing or increasing, as that indicates increasing or decreasing fear. Low volatility allows high leverage without risk or rest. Occasionally, markets do rise with high VIX.
As VIX is unusually high, in the forties, we can be confident that a downtrend for the S&P 500 is imminent.
  • RSI (Relative Strength Index): The most important technical indicator, useful for determining highs and lows when time symmetry is not availing itself. Sometimes analysis of RSI can conflict in different time frames, easiest way to use it is when it is at extremes – either under 30 or over 70. Extremes can be used for filtering highs or lows based on time-and-price window calculations. Highly instructive as to major corrective clues and indicative of continued directional movement. Must determine if longer-term RSI values find support at same values as before. It is currently at 73.56.
  • Secondly, RSI may be used as a high or low filter, to observe the level that short-term RSI reaches in counter-trend corrections. Repetitions based on market movements based on RSI determine how long a trade should be held onto. Once a short term RSI reaches an extreme and stay there, the other RSI’s should gradually reach the same extremes. Once all RSI’s are at extreme highs, a trend confirmation should occur and RSI’s should drop to their midpoint.

Trend Definition Analysis of Bitcoin

Trend definition is highly powerful, cannot be understated. Knowledge of trend logic is enough to be a profitable trader, yet defining a trend is an arduous process. Multiple trends coexist across multiple time frames and across multiple market sectors. Like time structure, it makes the underlying price of the instrument irrelevant. Trend definitions cannot determine the validity of newly formed discretes. Trend becomes apparent when trades based in counter-trend inflection points continue to fail.
Downtrends are defined as an instrument making lower lows and lower highs that are recurrent, additive, qualified swing setups. Downtrends for all instruments are similar, except forex. They are fast and complete much quicker than uptrends. An average downtrend is 18 months, something which we will return to. An uptrend inception occurs when an instrument reaches a point where it fails to make a new low, then that low will be tested. After that, the instrument will either have a deep range retracement or it may take out the low slightly, resulting in a double-bottom. A swing must eventually form.
A simple way to roughly determine trend is to attempt to draw a line from three tops going upwards (uptrend) or a line from three bottoms going downwards (downtrend). It is not possible to correctly draw a downtrend line on the BTC chart, but it is possible to correctly draw an uptrend – indicating that the overall trend is downwards. The only mitigating factor is the impending stock market crash.

Time Symmetry Analysis of Bitcoin

Time is the movement from the past through the present into the future. It is a measurement in quantified intervals. In many ways, our perception of it is a human construct. It is more powerful than price as time may be utilized for a trade regardless of the market inflection point’s price. Were it possible to perfectly understand time, price would be totally irrelevant due to the predictive certainty time affords. Time structure is easier to learn than price, but much more difficult to apply with any accuracy. It is the hardest aspect of trading to learn, but also the most rewarding.
Humans do not have the ability to recognize every time window, however the ability to define market inflection points in terms of time is the single most powerful trading edge. Regardless, price should not be abandoned for time alone. Time structure analysis It is inherently flawed, as such the markets have a fail-safe, which is Price Structure. Even though Time is much more powerful, Price Structure should never be completely ignored. Time is the qualifier for Price and vice versa. Time can fail by tricking traders into counter-trend trading.
Time is a predestined trade quantifier, a filter to slow trades down, as it allows a trader to specifically focus on specific time windows and rest at others. It allows for quantitative measurements to reach deterministic values and is the primary qualifier for trends. Time structure should be utilized before price structure, and it is the primary trade criterion which requires support from price. We can see price structure on a chart, as areas of mathematical support or resistance, but we cannot see time structure.
Time may be used to tell us an exact point in the future where the market will inflect, after Price Theory has been fulfilled. In the present, price objectives based on price theory added to possible future times for market inflection points give us the exact time of market inflection points and price.
Time Structure is repetitions of time or inherent cycles of time, occurring in a methodical way to provide time windows which may be utilized for inflection points. They are not easily recognized and not easily defined by a price chart as measuring and observing time is very exact. Time structure is not a science, yet it does require precise measurements. Nothing is certain or definite. The critical question must be if a particular approach to time structure is currently lucrative or not.
We will measure it in intervals of 180 bars. Our goal is to determine time windows, when the market will react and when we should pay the most attention. By using time repetitions, the fact that market inflection points occurred at some point in the past and should, therefore, reoccur at some point in the future, we should obtain confidence as to when SPY will reach a market inflection point. Time repetitions are essentially the market’s memory. However, simply measuring the time between two points then trying to extrapolate into the future does not work. Measuring time is not the same as defining time repetitions. We will evaluate past sessions for market inflection points, whether discretes, qualified swings, or intra-range. Then records the times that the market has made highs or lows in a comparable time period to the future one seeks to trade in.
What follows is a time Histogram – A grouping of times which appear close together, then segregated based on that closeness. Time is aligned into combined histogram of repetitions and cycles, however cycles are irrelevant on a daily basis. If trading on an hourly basis, do not use hours.
  • Yearly Lows (last seven years): 1/1/13, 4/10/14, 1/15/15, 1/17/16, 1/1/17, 12/15/18, 2/6/19
  • Monthly Mode: 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 4, 12
  • Daily Mode: 1, 1, 6, 10, 15, 15, 17
  • Monthly Lows (for the last year): 3/12/20 (10:00pm), 2/28/20 (7:09am), 1/2/20 (8:09pm), 12/18/19 (8:00am), 11/25/19 (1:00am), 10/24/19 (2:59am), 9/30/19 (2:59am), 8/29,19 (4:00am), 7/17/19 (7:59am), 6/4/19 (5:59pm), 5/1/19 (12:00am), 4/1/19 (12:00am)
  • Daily Lows Mode for those Months: 1, 1, 2, 4, 12, 17, 18, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30
  • Hourly Lows Mode for those Months (Military time): 0100, 0200, 0200, 0400, 0700, 0700, 0800, 1200, 1200, 1700, 2000, 2200
  • Minute Lows Mode for those Months: 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 00, 09, 09, 59, 59, 59, 59
  • Day of the Week Lows (last twenty-six weeks):
Weighted Times are repetitions which appears multiple times within the same list, observed and accentuated once divided into relevant sections of the histogram. They are important in the presently defined trading time period and are similar to a mathematical mode with respect to a series. Phased times are essentially periodical patterns in histograms, though they do not guarantee inflection points
Evaluating the yearly lows, we see that BTC tends to have its lows primarily at the beginning of every year, with a possibility of it being at the end of the year. Following the same methodology, we get the middle of the month as the likeliest day. However, evaluating the monthly lows for the past year, the beginning and end of the month are more likely for lows.
Therefore, we have two primary dates from our histogram.
1/1/21, 1/15/21, and 1/29/21
2:00am, 8:00am, 12:00pm, or 10:00pm
In fact, the high for this year was February the 14th, only thirty days off from our histogram calculations.
The 8.6-Year Armstrong-Princeton Global Economic Confidence model states that 2.15 year intervals occur between corrections, relevant highs and lows. 2.15 years from the all-time peak discrete is February 9, 2020 – a reasonably accurate depiction of the low for this year (which was on 3/12/20). (Taking only the Armstrong model into account, the next high should be Saturday, April 23, 2022). Therefore, the Armstrong model indicates that we have actually bottomed out for the year!
Bear markets cannot exist in perpetuity whereas bull markets can. Bear markets will eventually have price objectives of zero, whereas bull markets can increase to infinity. It can occur for individual market instruments, but not markets as a whole. Since bull markets are defined by low volatility, they also last longer. Once a bull market is indicated, the trader can remain in a long position until a new high is reached, then switch to shorts. The average bear market is eighteen months long, giving us a date of August 19th, 2021 for the end of this bear market – roughly speaking. They cannot be shorter than fifteen months for a central-bank controlled market, which does not apply to Bitcoin. (Otherwise, it would continue until Sunday, September 12, 2021.) However, we should expect Bitcoin to experience its’ exponential growth after the stock market re-enters a bull market.
Terry Laundy’s T-Theory implemented by measuring the time of an indicator from peak to trough, then using that to define a future time window. It is similar to an head-and-shoulders pattern in that it is the process of forming the right side from a synthetic technical indicator. If the indicator is making continued lows, then time is recalculated for defining the right side of the T. The date of the market inflection point may be a price or indicator inflection date, so it is not always exactly useful. It is better to make us aware of possible market inflection points, clustered with other data. It gives us an RSI low of May, 9th 2020.
The Bradley Cycle is coupled with volatility allows start dates for campaigns or put options as insurance in portfolios for stocks. However, it is also useful for predicting market moves instead of terminal dates for discretes. Using dates which correspond to discretes, we can see how those dates correspond with changes in VIX.
Therefore, our timeline looks like:
  • 2/14/20 – yearly high ($10372 USD)
  • 3/12/20 – yearly low thus far ($3858 USD)
  • 5/9/20 – T-Theory true yearly low (BTC between 4863 and 3569)
  • 5/26/20 – hashrate difficulty halvening
  • 11/14/20 – stock market low
  • 1/15/21 – yearly low for BTC, around $8528
  • 8/19/21 – end of stock bear market
  • 11/26/21 – eighteen months from halvening, average peak from halvenings (BTC begins rising from $3000 area to above $23,312)
  • 4/23/22 – all-time high
Taken from my blog: http://aliamin.info/2020/
submitted by aibnsamin1 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[Part - 39] Large college ebooks/eTextbooks thread for cheap rates [$4 to $25]

  1. "HTML5 and CSS3by Illustrated Complete" by Sasha Vodnik
  2. Gun Digest Book of Modern Gun Values by Phillip Peterson; Andrew Johnson
  3. A Guide Book of United States Coins 2020 by R.S. Yeoman
  4. Cherrypickers' Guide to Rare Die Varieties of United States Coins by Bill Fivaz
  5. Cherrypickers' Guide to Rare Die Varieties of United States Coins by Bill Fivaz
  6. Antique Trader Bottles by Michael Polak
  7. Collecting Case Knives by Steve Pfeiffer
  8. Antique Trader Tools Price Guide by Clarence Blanchard
  9. The Complete Guide to Gunsmithing by Charles Edward Chapel
  10. "How To Deal In Antiques by 5th Edition" by Fiona Shoop
  11. "Shooter's Bible Guide to Firearms Assembly by Disassembly by and Cleaning" by Robert A. Sadowski
  12. ART/WORK by Heather Darcy Bhandari; Jonathan Melber
  13. "The Routledge Companion to Automobile Heritage by Culture by and Preservation" by Barry L. Stiefel
  14. Strike It Rich with Pocket Change by Ken Potter; Brian Allen
  15. Picker's Pocket Guide to Bottles by Michael Polak
  16. Gunsmithing Modern Firearms by Bryce M. Towsley
  17. Furniture in the Tudor Gothic Period - The Age of the Carpenter by Anon
  18. Watch Repairing as a Hobby by D. W. Fletcher
  19. Furniture Style from Baroque to Rococo - The 18th Century in European Furniture Design by Peter Philp
  20. Gems & Jewelry Appraising (3rd Edition) by "Anna M. Miller by G.G. by RMV"
  21. Gunsmithing Modern Firearms by Bryce M. Towsley
  22. Strike It Rich with Pocket Change by Ken Potter; Brian Allen
  23. Gunsmithing Pistols & Revolvers by Patrick Sweeney
  24. "A Guide Book of Mercury Dimes by Standing Liberty Quarters by and Liberty Walking Half Dollars" by Q. David Bowers
  25. "Old Knives by Xx by and More" by Tom McCandless
  26. 101 Wines to try before you die by Margaret Rand
  27. 100 Years of Who's Who in Baseball by Douglas B. Lyons; Who's Who In Baseball
  28. Survey of Historic Costume by Phyllis G. Tortora; Sara B. Marcketti
  29. Conservation of Plastics by Yvonne Shashoua
  30. Luckey's Collecting Antique Bird Decoys by Carl Luckey
  31. A Beginner's Guide to the Mechanics of Wrist and Pocket Watches - Including the History of Their Development and Some Famous Watch Makers by Anon
  32. "Sears by Roebuck Home Builder's Catalog" by "Sears by Roebuck and Co."
  33. A Dictionary of Costume and Fashion by Mary Brooks Picken
  34. Keep Your Wrist Watch Clean and Ticking - A Guide to Wrist Watch Cleaning and Care by Anon
  35. Furniture Style from Baroque to Rococo - The 18th Century in European Furniture Design by Peter Philp
  36. Watch Repairing as a Hobby by D. W. Fletcher
  37. Doctor Wore Petticoats by Chris Enss
  38. Vintage Christmas Ceramic Collectibles by Walter Dworkin
  39. "The Ultimate Guide to Vintage Star Wars Action Figures by 1977-1985" by Mark Bellomo
  40. Furniture in the Tudor Gothic Period - The Age of the Carpenter by Anon
  41. "The Ultimate Guide to Vintage Star Wars Action Figures by 1977-1985" by Mark Bellomo
  42. The Old Outboard Book by "Hunn by Peter"
  43. Book Row by Marvin Mondlin; Roy Meador
  44. The RVer's Bible (Revised and Updated) by Kim Baker; Sunny Baker
  45. Instinctive Shooting by Buz Fawcett
  46. Sea Glass Crafts by Rebecca Ruger-Wightman
  47. Gig Posters Volume 2 by Clay Hayes
  48. Presidential Campaign Posters by The Library Of Congress
  49. Modern Shotgunning by Dave Henderson
  50. Shooting Times Guide to Accuracy by Editors of Shooting Times
  51. Winchester Shotguns by Dennis Adler
  52. Do Not Sell At Any Price by Amanda Petrusich
  53. "Shooter's Bible by 111th Edition" by Jay Cassell
  54. The Whitetail Hunter's Almanac by John Weiss
  55. Shooter's Bible Guide to Handloading by Wayne van Zwoll
  56. A Prepper's Guide to Rifles by Robert K. Campbell
  57. Art Collecting Today by Doug Woodham
  58. Ultimate LEGO Star Wars by Andrew Becraft; Chris Malloy
  59. The Wine Snob's Dictionary by David Kamp; David Lynch
  60. Spiffy Kitchen Collectibles by Brian Alexander
  61. Warman's Arts & Crafts Furniture Price Guide by Mark Moran; Mark Moran
  62. Best of Barbie by Sharon Korbeck
  63. Encyclopedia of Pepsi-Cola Collectibles by Stoddard
  64. From the Oven to the Table by Diana Henry
  65. Jaguar by Zef Enault; Nicolas Heidet
  66. "Let's Go Camping! From cabins to caravans by crochet your own camping Scenes" by Kate Bruning
  67. Hugh Johnson's Pocket Wine 2020 by Hugh Johnson
  68. Napoleon's Mercenaries by Guy Dempsey
  69. The Billionaire's Vinegar by Benjamin Wallace
  70. Postcards by Jason Rodriguez
  71. Books by Larry McMurtry
  72. Toast & Marmalade by Emma Bridgewater
  73. The Truth About Firearms and Concealed Carry by Daniel R. Engel DE
  74. Hugh Johnson's Pocket Wine Book 2019 by Hugh Johnson
  75. The 34-Ton Bat by Steve Rushin
  76. Andrea Immer's Wine Buying Guide for Everyone by Andrea Immer
  77. Christmas Days by Derek McCormack
  78. Goodman's British Planemakers by Jane Rees
  79. Gunsmithing - Rifles by Patrick Sweeney
  80. Tactical Gun Digest by Corey Graff
  81. Mauser Military Rifles of the World by Robert W. D. Ball
  82. Gun Digest Book of Exploded Gun Drawings by Dan Shideler
  83. Antique Trader Salt And Pepper Shaker Price Guide by Mark F. Moran
  84. Antique Trader Collectible Cookbooks Price Guide by Patricia Eddie Edwards; Peter Peckham
  85. The Cartiers by Francesca Cartier Brickell
  86. Warman's U.S. Coin Collecting by Alan Herbert
  87. Antique Trader Book Collector's Price Guide by Richard Russell
  88. Coin of the Year by Donald Scarinci
  89. Warman's World War II Collectibles by Michael E. Haskew
  90. Warman's Bottles Field Guide by Michael Polak
  91. The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994 by Mark Bellomo
  92. Standard Catalog of Chevelle 1964-1987 by John Gunnell
  93. Art Glass Identification & Price Guide by "John Shuman by III"
  94. American & British 410 Shotguns by Ronald Gabriel
  95. Action Movie Freak by Katrina Hill
  96. Watches by Dean Judy
  97. Winchester Pocket Guide by Ned Schwing
  98. Confederate States Paper Money by George S. Cuhaj
  99. Summer at Tiffany by Marjorie Hart
  100. "Adventure (July by 1916)" by J. Allan Dunn
  101. Great Hunting Rifles by Terry Wieland
  102. Warman's U.S. Stamps Field Guide by Maurice D. Wozniak
  103. Picker's Pocket Guide - Comic Books by David Tosh
  104. Encyclopedia of Antique American Clocks by C.H. Wendel
  105. Warman's U.S. Coins & Currency Field Guide by Arlyn Sieber
  106. Miller's Arts & Crafts by Judith Miller
  107. Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles - 2nd Edition by David Doyle
  108. Gun Digest Browning Semi-Auto 22 Assembly/Disassembly Instructions by Kevin Muramatsu
  109. Old Fishing Lures & Tackle by Carl F. Luckey
  110. Gun Digest Book of Modern Gun Values by Richard Allen Mann; Jerry Lee
  111. Hot Wheels Variations by Michael Zarnock
  112. 50 Famous Firearms You've Got to Own by Rick Hacker
  113. Antique Trader Bottles Identification and Price Guide by Michael Polak
  114. Just 30s by Angelo Van Boggart
  115. Fantastic Finds by Eric Bradley
  116. The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994 by Mark Bellomo
  117. Warman's Tools Field Guide by Clarence Blanchard
  118. "Collecting Rocks by Gems and Minerals" by Patti Polk
  119. Hunting Rutting Bucks by John Trout
  120. Canadian Coin Digest by George S. Cuhaj
  121. Warman's Modernism Furniture and Acessories by Noah Fleisher
  122. Warman's Lalique by Mark Moran
  123. Duesenberg by Dennis Adler
  124. Vintage Wristwatches by Reyne Haines
  125. Warman's Jewelry by Kathy Flood
  126. Snus! by Mats Jonson
  127. Shuffle and Deal by Tara Gallagher
  128. The Pocket Guide to Bowhunting Whitetail Deer by Monte Burch
  129. The Pocket Guide to Spring and Fall Turkey Hunting by Monte Burch
  130. Out-of-Style by Betty Kreisel Shubert
  131. All the Best Rubbish by Ivor Noel Hume
  132. Failproof Tactics for Whitetail Bowhunting by Bob McNally
  133. Gun Trader's Guide to Collectible Knives by Mike Robuck
  134. Hunt Club Management Guide by J. Wayne Fears
  135. Moose Hunting by Dave Kelso
  136. Forgotten Tales and Vanished Trails by Theodore Roosevelt
  137. Sons of Guns by Will Hayden
  138. Auto Biography by Earl Swift
  139. The Illustrated History of Guns by Chuck Wills
  140. 50 Guns That Changed the World by Robert A. Sadowski
  141. Female and Armed by Lynne Finch
  142. Brick Shakespeare by John McCann; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  143. T-34: The Red Army's Legendary Medium Tank by Anthony Tucker-Jones
  144. The Orvis Guide to Beginning Wingshooting by Tom Deck
  145. Shooter's Bible Guide to Home Defense by Roger Eckstine
  146. Brick Shakespeare by John McCann; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  147. A Million Little Bricks by Sarah Herman
  148. "The Pocket Guide to Field Dressing by Butchering by and Cooking Deer" by Monte Burch; Joan Burch
  149. The Ultimate Guide to Home Butchering by Monte Burch
  150. 250 Amazing Hunting Tips by Lamar Underwood; Nate Matthews
  151. The Ultimate Guide to Knife Throwing by Bobby Branton
  152. Collecting and Care of Fine Art by Carl David
  153. Percussion Revolvers by Mike Cumpston; Johnny Bates
  154. Tank Battles of World War I by Bryan Cooper
  155. Antique Trader Antiques & Collectibles 2012 Price Guide by Eric Bradley
  156. Afield by Robert DeMott
  157. "Gun Trader's Guide by Thirty-Seventh Edition" by Robert A. Sadowski
  158. The Practical Guide to Man-Powered Weapons and Ammunition by Richard Middleton
  159. The Crack Shot by Edward C. Barber
  160. The Identification of Firearms by Jack Disbrow Gunther; Charles O. Gunther
  161. Good Hunting by Theodore Roosevelt
  162. Emily Gets Her Gun by Emily Miller
  163. The Ultimate Guide to Waterfowl Hunting by Tom Airhart; Eddie Kent; Kent Raymer
  164. The Law (in Plain English) for Collectors by Leonard D. DuBoff; Sarah J. Tugman
  165. Game of Thrones: In Memoriam by N/A
  166. "The Insider's Guide to U.S. Coin Values by 20th Edition" by Scott A. Travers
  167. "A Catalogue of Books by Manuscripts by Specimens of Clocks by Watches and Watchwork by Paintings by Prints in the Library and Museum of Worshipful Company of Clockmakers" by Anon
  168. Encyclopedia of the Exquisite by Jessica Kerwin Jenkins
  169. Shoot to Win by Chris Cheng
  170. Infantry Small Arms of the 21st Century by Leigh Neville
  171. American Rifle by Alexander Rose
  172. Deja Dead by Kathy Reichs
  173. Faberge's Eggs by Toby Faber
  174. Varmint Rifles and Cartridges by Charles T. Richards
  175. 100 American Flags by Kit Hinrichs
  176. The Hunter's Haunch by Paula Young Lee
  177. Shoot to Win by Chris Cheng
  178. Brick Greek Myths by Amanda Brack; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  179. Tell Me Who I Am: The Story Behind the Netflix Documentary by Alex And Marcus Lewis; Joanna Hodgkin
  180. "Shooter's Bible by 104th Edition" by Jay Cassell
  181. Whitetail Savvy by Leonard Lee Rue
  182. Bowhunting Tactics That Deliver Trophies by Steve Bartylla
  183. Smithsonian Civil War by Smithsonian Institution
  184. Shooter's Bible Guide to Tactical Firearms by Robert A. Sadowski
  185. "1911: The First 100 Years by 2nd Edition" by Patrick Sweeney
  186. Secrets of the Sommeliers by Rajat Parr; Jordan Mackay
  187. The Watchmakers's and jeweler's Hand-Book by C. Hopkins
  188. "The Official eBay Guide to Buying by Selling by and Collecting Just About Anything" by Laura Fisher Kaiser; Michael Kaiser
  189. Booze & Vinyl by André Darlington; Tenaya Darlington
  190. Classic Car by N/A
  191. "The Ultimate Guide to Deer Hunting Skills by Tactics by and Techniques" by Jay Cassell
  192. Anatomy Book: Body Parts Edition by Speedy Publishing
  193. Dolls of the Tusayan Indians by J. Walter Fewkes
  194. The Brick Bible Presents Brick Exodus by Brendan Powell Smith
  195. Scouts in Bondage by Michael Bell
  196. An Introduction to Firearms by James Morgan Ayres
  197. Brick Flicks by Sarah Herman
  198. Near Misses by Dominic Bulone Jr.
  199. Rx for Deer Hunting Success by Peter J. Fiduccia
  200. Bowhunting Tactics That Deliver Trophies by Steve Bartylla
  201. Moby-Duck by Donovan Hohn
  202. Shooter's Bible Guide to Cartridges by Todd Woodard
  203. “Our Stars … Day by Day in Their Ways” by Thomas Fritz
  204. Challenger 1 by Robert Griffin
  205. Wildfowl Magazine's Duck Hunting by Skip Knowles
  206. The Metal Detecting Bible by Brandon Neice
  207. Tell Me Who I Am: The Story Behind the Netflix Documentary by Alex And Marcus Lewis; Joanna Hodgkin
  208. Doll Couture by Marsha Greenberg
  209. Ava Gardner by Kendra Bean; Anthony Uzarowski
  210. Telling Tales by Melissa Katsoulis
  211. The Gunsmith's Manual by J. P. Stelle; William B. Harrison
  212. The Man Who Loved Books Too Much by Allison Hoover Bartlett
  213. Game Worn by Stephen Wong; Dave Grob
  214. The Whitetail Hunter's Almanac by John Weiss
  215. Smithsonian Civil War by Smithsonian Institution
  216. A Kid's Guide to Collecting Coins by Arlyn G. Sieber
  217. Antique Trader Answers to Questions About Antiques & Collectibles by Kyle Husfloen
  218. Antiques 101 by "Frank Farmer Loomis by IV"
  219. Shooter's Bible Guide to Tactical Firearms by Robert A. Sadowski
  220. "1911: The First 100 Years by 2nd Edition" by Patrick Sweeney
  221. Shooter's Bible Guide to Whitetail Strategies by Peter J. Fiduccia
  222. Caring for Your Cherished Possessions by Mary K. Levenstein; Cordelia Frances Biddle
  223. "The Official Blackbook Price Guide to United States Coins 2013 by 51st Edition" by "Thomas E. Hudgeons by Jr."
  224. At the Tomb of the Inflatable Pig by John Gimlette
  225. Complete Guide to 3-Gun Competition by Chad Adams
  226. Shooter's Bible Guide to Planting Food Plots by Peter J. Fiduccia
  227. The Indian Righteousness by Amulya K. Mohanty
  228. Goldmine's Essential Guide to Record Collecting by Dave Thompson
  229. Gun Trader's Guide Thirty-Sixth Edition by Robert A. Sadowski
  230. The Pointer and His Predecessors by William Arkwright
  231. Advanced Gunsmithing by W. F. Vickery
  232. The Peacemaker and Its Rivals by John E. Parsons
  233. The Brick Bible Presents Brick Genesis by Brendan Powell Smith
  234. KNIVES 2020 by Joe Kertzman
  235. Sporting Firearms of Today in Use by Paul A. Curtis
  236. The Brick Bible: The New Testament by Brendan Powell Smith
  237. Wildfowl Magazine's Duck Hunting by Skip Knowles
  238. The Centurion Tank by Brian Delf
  239. Upland Autumn by William G. Tapply
  240. Doll Couture by Marsha Greenberg
  241. The Book of Mini by Kate Esme Unver
  242. Guns & Ammo Guide to Sniping by N/A
  243. Rifle Marksmanship by "Army by Department of the"
  244. RifleShooter Magazine's Guide to Big-Game Hunting by Editors of RifleShooter
  245. A Practical Guide to Costume Mounting by Lara Flecker
  246. Complete Bordeaux by Stephen Brook
  247. The Art of Roy Cross by Roy Cross
  248. I Had a Dog and a Cat - Pictures Drawn by Josef and Karel Capek by Karel Capek
  249. 1918: The German Offensives by John Sheen
  250. A Complete Guide to the History and Manufacture of Grandfather Clocks by Anon
  251. Golden Age of Chinese Art by Hugh Scott
  252. The Ironclads of Cambrai by Bryan Cooper
  253. Samurai Swordsman by Stephen Turnbull
  254. Check Points on How to Buy Oriental Rugs by Charles Jacobsen
  255. Malaysian Batik by Noor Azlina Yunus
  256. Textiles of Southeast Asia by Robyn Maxwell
  257. Photography in Japan 1853-1912 by Terry Bennett
  258. Collecting Autographs by Susan Brewer
  259. Things Korean by O-Young Lee
  260. Trades and Crafts of Old Japan by Eric A. Kaemmerer
  261. Whitman Encyclopedia of Obsolete Paper Money by Q. David Bowers
  262. A Guide Book of United States Paper Money by Arthur L. Friedberg
  263. A Guide Book of United States Type Coins by Q. David Bowers
  264. "The Official Red Book: A Guide Book of United States Coins by Professional Edition" by R.S. Yeoman
  265. Clockmaking - Past And Present by G. F. C. Gordon
  266. The Expert's Guide to Collecting & Investing in Rare Coins by Q. David Bowers
  267. 100 Greatest US Modern Coins by Scott Schechter
  268. 100 Greatest U.S. Coins by Jeff Garrett
  269. "The Federal Style in American Antique Furniture - A Pictorial Guide to the Federal Style of Hepplewhite by Shearer and the Early Work of Sheraton" by Edward Stratton Holloway
  270. The Tools and Materials of the Watchmaker - A Guide to the Amateur Watchmaker's Toolkit - Including How to make your own Tools by Anon
  271. American Silver Eagles by John M. Mercanti
  272. A Guide Book of U.S. Currency by Kenneth Bressett
  273. "The Official Red Book: A Guide Book of United States Coins by Professional Edition" by R.S. Yeoman
  274. United States Gold Counterfeit Detection Guide by Bill Favaz
  275. United States Currency by Kenneth Bressett
  276. A Guide Book of Morgan Silver Dollars by Q. David Bowers
  277. A Guide Book of Peace Dollars by Roger W. Burdette
  278. A Guide Book of United States Coins 2013 by R. S. Yeoman
  279. A Guide Book of Washington and State Quarter Dollars by Q. David Bowers
  280. Minecraft: Minecraft Pocket Edition In a Nutshell Guide by Jason Scotts
  281. Ray Eye's Turkey Hunting Bible by Ray Eye
  282. Brick Dracula and Frankenstein by Amanda Brack; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  283. Historical Costumes of England - From the Eleventh to the Twentieth Century by N. Bradfield
  284. Fashions and Costumes from Godey's Lady's Book by Stella Blum
  285. The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director by Thomas Chippendale
  286. American Victorian Costume in Early Photographs by Priscilla Harris Dalrymple
  287. The Long Island Rail Road in Early Photographs by Ron Ziel
  288. Tudor Costume and Fashion by Herbert Norris
  289. The Tools that Built America by Alex W. Bealer
  290. "Shoes by Hats and Fashion Accessories" by Carol Belanger Grafton
  291. Accessories of Dress by Katherine Lester
  292. French Fashion Illustrations of the Twenties by Carol Belanger Grafton
  293. A Pictorial Encyclopedia of Decorative Ironwork by Otto Hoever
  294. Historic English Costumes and How to Make Them by Talbot Hughes
  295. Everyday Fashions of the Thirties As Pictured in Sears Catalogs by Stella Blum
  296. Windsor Chairs by Wallace Nutting
  297. Carson City Morgan Dollars by Adam Crum
  298. Art Deco Ornamental Ironwork by Henri Martinie
  299. Masterpieces of Eighteenth-Century French Ironwork by F. Contet
  300. Everyday Fashions of the Forties As Pictured in Sears Catalogs by JoAnne Olian 1.
submitted by TailExpert to CollegeTextbook [link] [comments]

[Part - 39] Large college ebooks/eTextbooks thread for cheap rates [$4 to $25]

  1. "HTML5 and CSS3by Illustrated Complete" by Sasha Vodnik
  2. Gun Digest Book of Modern Gun Values by Phillip Peterson; Andrew Johnson
  3. A Guide Book of United States Coins 2020 by R.S. Yeoman
  4. Cherrypickers' Guide to Rare Die Varieties of United States Coins by Bill Fivaz
  5. Cherrypickers' Guide to Rare Die Varieties of United States Coins by Bill Fivaz
  6. Antique Trader Bottles by Michael Polak
  7. Collecting Case Knives by Steve Pfeiffer
  8. Antique Trader Tools Price Guide by Clarence Blanchard
  9. The Complete Guide to Gunsmithing by Charles Edward Chapel
  10. "How To Deal In Antiques by 5th Edition" by Fiona Shoop
  11. "Shooter's Bible Guide to Firearms Assembly by Disassembly by and Cleaning" by Robert A. Sadowski
  12. ART/WORK by Heather Darcy Bhandari; Jonathan Melber
  13. "The Routledge Companion to Automobile Heritage by Culture by and Preservation" by Barry L. Stiefel
  14. Strike It Rich with Pocket Change by Ken Potter; Brian Allen
  15. Picker's Pocket Guide to Bottles by Michael Polak
  16. Gunsmithing Modern Firearms by Bryce M. Towsley
  17. Furniture in the Tudor Gothic Period - The Age of the Carpenter by Anon
  18. Watch Repairing as a Hobby by D. W. Fletcher
  19. Furniture Style from Baroque to Rococo - The 18th Century in European Furniture Design by Peter Philp
  20. Gems & Jewelry Appraising (3rd Edition) by "Anna M. Miller by G.G. by RMV"
  21. Gunsmithing Modern Firearms by Bryce M. Towsley
  22. Strike It Rich with Pocket Change by Ken Potter; Brian Allen
  23. Gunsmithing Pistols & Revolvers by Patrick Sweeney
  24. "A Guide Book of Mercury Dimes by Standing Liberty Quarters by and Liberty Walking Half Dollars" by Q. David Bowers
  25. "Old Knives by Xx by and More" by Tom McCandless
  26. 101 Wines to try before you die by Margaret Rand
  27. 100 Years of Who's Who in Baseball by Douglas B. Lyons; Who's Who In Baseball
  28. Survey of Historic Costume by Phyllis G. Tortora; Sara B. Marcketti
  29. Conservation of Plastics by Yvonne Shashoua
  30. Luckey's Collecting Antique Bird Decoys by Carl Luckey
  31. A Beginner's Guide to the Mechanics of Wrist and Pocket Watches - Including the History of Their Development and Some Famous Watch Makers by Anon
  32. "Sears by Roebuck Home Builder's Catalog" by "Sears by Roebuck and Co."
  33. A Dictionary of Costume and Fashion by Mary Brooks Picken
  34. Keep Your Wrist Watch Clean and Ticking - A Guide to Wrist Watch Cleaning and Care by Anon
  35. Furniture Style from Baroque to Rococo - The 18th Century in European Furniture Design by Peter Philp
  36. Watch Repairing as a Hobby by D. W. Fletcher
  37. Doctor Wore Petticoats by Chris Enss
  38. Vintage Christmas Ceramic Collectibles by Walter Dworkin
  39. "The Ultimate Guide to Vintage Star Wars Action Figures by 1977-1985" by Mark Bellomo
  40. Furniture in the Tudor Gothic Period - The Age of the Carpenter by Anon
  41. "The Ultimate Guide to Vintage Star Wars Action Figures by 1977-1985" by Mark Bellomo
  42. The Old Outboard Book by "Hunn by Peter"
  43. Book Row by Marvin Mondlin; Roy Meador
  44. The RVer's Bible (Revised and Updated) by Kim Baker; Sunny Baker
  45. Instinctive Shooting by Buz Fawcett
  46. Sea Glass Crafts by Rebecca Ruger-Wightman
  47. Gig Posters Volume 2 by Clay Hayes
  48. Presidential Campaign Posters by The Library Of Congress
  49. Modern Shotgunning by Dave Henderson
  50. Shooting Times Guide to Accuracy by Editors of Shooting Times
  51. Winchester Shotguns by Dennis Adler
  52. Do Not Sell At Any Price by Amanda Petrusich
  53. "Shooter's Bible by 111th Edition" by Jay Cassell
  54. The Whitetail Hunter's Almanac by John Weiss
  55. Shooter's Bible Guide to Handloading by Wayne van Zwoll
  56. A Prepper's Guide to Rifles by Robert K. Campbell
  57. Art Collecting Today by Doug Woodham
  58. Ultimate LEGO Star Wars by Andrew Becraft; Chris Malloy
  59. The Wine Snob's Dictionary by David Kamp; David Lynch
  60. Spiffy Kitchen Collectibles by Brian Alexander
  61. Warman's Arts & Crafts Furniture Price Guide by Mark Moran; Mark Moran
  62. Best of Barbie by Sharon Korbeck
  63. Encyclopedia of Pepsi-Cola Collectibles by Stoddard
  64. From the Oven to the Table by Diana Henry
  65. Jaguar by Zef Enault; Nicolas Heidet
  66. "Let's Go Camping! From cabins to caravans by crochet your own camping Scenes" by Kate Bruning
  67. Hugh Johnson's Pocket Wine 2020 by Hugh Johnson
  68. Napoleon's Mercenaries by Guy Dempsey
  69. The Billionaire's Vinegar by Benjamin Wallace
  70. Postcards by Jason Rodriguez
  71. Books by Larry McMurtry
  72. Toast & Marmalade by Emma Bridgewater
  73. The Truth About Firearms and Concealed Carry by Daniel R. Engel DE
  74. Hugh Johnson's Pocket Wine Book 2019 by Hugh Johnson
  75. The 34-Ton Bat by Steve Rushin
  76. Andrea Immer's Wine Buying Guide for Everyone by Andrea Immer
  77. Christmas Days by Derek McCormack
  78. Goodman's British Planemakers by Jane Rees
  79. Gunsmithing - Rifles by Patrick Sweeney
  80. Tactical Gun Digest by Corey Graff
  81. Mauser Military Rifles of the World by Robert W. D. Ball
  82. Gun Digest Book of Exploded Gun Drawings by Dan Shideler
  83. Antique Trader Salt And Pepper Shaker Price Guide by Mark F. Moran
  84. Antique Trader Collectible Cookbooks Price Guide by Patricia Eddie Edwards; Peter Peckham
  85. The Cartiers by Francesca Cartier Brickell
  86. Warman's U.S. Coin Collecting by Alan Herbert
  87. Antique Trader Book Collector's Price Guide by Richard Russell
  88. Coin of the Year by Donald Scarinci
  89. Warman's World War II Collectibles by Michael E. Haskew
  90. Warman's Bottles Field Guide by Michael Polak
  91. The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994 by Mark Bellomo
  92. Standard Catalog of Chevelle 1964-1987 by John Gunnell
  93. Art Glass Identification & Price Guide by "John Shuman by III"
  94. American & British 410 Shotguns by Ronald Gabriel
  95. Action Movie Freak by Katrina Hill
  96. Watches by Dean Judy
  97. Winchester Pocket Guide by Ned Schwing
  98. Confederate States Paper Money by George S. Cuhaj
  99. Summer at Tiffany by Marjorie Hart
  100. "Adventure (July by 1916)" by J. Allan Dunn
  101. Great Hunting Rifles by Terry Wieland
  102. Warman's U.S. Stamps Field Guide by Maurice D. Wozniak
  103. Picker's Pocket Guide - Comic Books by David Tosh
  104. Encyclopedia of Antique American Clocks by C.H. Wendel
  105. Warman's U.S. Coins & Currency Field Guide by Arlyn Sieber
  106. Miller's Arts & Crafts by Judith Miller
  107. Standard Catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles - 2nd Edition by David Doyle
  108. Gun Digest Browning Semi-Auto 22 Assembly/Disassembly Instructions by Kevin Muramatsu
  109. Old Fishing Lures & Tackle by Carl F. Luckey
  110. Gun Digest Book of Modern Gun Values by Richard Allen Mann; Jerry Lee
  111. Hot Wheels Variations by Michael Zarnock
  112. 50 Famous Firearms You've Got to Own by Rick Hacker
  113. Antique Trader Bottles Identification and Price Guide by Michael Polak
  114. Just 30s by Angelo Van Boggart
  115. Fantastic Finds by Eric Bradley
  116. The Ultimate Guide to G.I. Joe 1982-1994 by Mark Bellomo
  117. Warman's Tools Field Guide by Clarence Blanchard
  118. "Collecting Rocks by Gems and Minerals" by Patti Polk
  119. Hunting Rutting Bucks by John Trout
  120. Canadian Coin Digest by George S. Cuhaj
  121. Warman's Modernism Furniture and Acessories by Noah Fleisher
  122. Warman's Lalique by Mark Moran
  123. Duesenberg by Dennis Adler
  124. Vintage Wristwatches by Reyne Haines
  125. Warman's Jewelry by Kathy Flood
  126. Snus! by Mats Jonson
  127. Shuffle and Deal by Tara Gallagher
  128. The Pocket Guide to Bowhunting Whitetail Deer by Monte Burch
  129. The Pocket Guide to Spring and Fall Turkey Hunting by Monte Burch
  130. Out-of-Style by Betty Kreisel Shubert
  131. All the Best Rubbish by Ivor Noel Hume
  132. Failproof Tactics for Whitetail Bowhunting by Bob McNally
  133. Gun Trader's Guide to Collectible Knives by Mike Robuck
  134. Hunt Club Management Guide by J. Wayne Fears
  135. Moose Hunting by Dave Kelso
  136. Forgotten Tales and Vanished Trails by Theodore Roosevelt
  137. Sons of Guns by Will Hayden
  138. Auto Biography by Earl Swift
  139. The Illustrated History of Guns by Chuck Wills
  140. 50 Guns That Changed the World by Robert A. Sadowski
  141. Female and Armed by Lynne Finch
  142. Brick Shakespeare by John McCann; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  143. T-34: The Red Army's Legendary Medium Tank by Anthony Tucker-Jones
  144. The Orvis Guide to Beginning Wingshooting by Tom Deck
  145. Shooter's Bible Guide to Home Defense by Roger Eckstine
  146. Brick Shakespeare by John McCann; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  147. A Million Little Bricks by Sarah Herman
  148. "The Pocket Guide to Field Dressing by Butchering by and Cooking Deer" by Monte Burch; Joan Burch
  149. The Ultimate Guide to Home Butchering by Monte Burch
  150. 250 Amazing Hunting Tips by Lamar Underwood; Nate Matthews
  151. The Ultimate Guide to Knife Throwing by Bobby Branton
  152. Collecting and Care of Fine Art by Carl David
  153. Percussion Revolvers by Mike Cumpston; Johnny Bates
  154. Tank Battles of World War I by Bryan Cooper
  155. Antique Trader Antiques & Collectibles 2012 Price Guide by Eric Bradley
  156. Afield by Robert DeMott
  157. "Gun Trader's Guide by Thirty-Seventh Edition" by Robert A. Sadowski
  158. The Practical Guide to Man-Powered Weapons and Ammunition by Richard Middleton
  159. The Crack Shot by Edward C. Barber
  160. The Identification of Firearms by Jack Disbrow Gunther; Charles O. Gunther
  161. Good Hunting by Theodore Roosevelt
  162. Emily Gets Her Gun by Emily Miller
  163. The Ultimate Guide to Waterfowl Hunting by Tom Airhart; Eddie Kent; Kent Raymer
  164. The Law (in Plain English) for Collectors by Leonard D. DuBoff; Sarah J. Tugman
  165. Game of Thrones: In Memoriam by N/A
  166. "The Insider's Guide to U.S. Coin Values by 20th Edition" by Scott A. Travers
  167. "A Catalogue of Books by Manuscripts by Specimens of Clocks by Watches and Watchwork by Paintings by Prints in the Library and Museum of Worshipful Company of Clockmakers" by Anon
  168. Encyclopedia of the Exquisite by Jessica Kerwin Jenkins
  169. Shoot to Win by Chris Cheng
  170. Infantry Small Arms of the 21st Century by Leigh Neville
  171. American Rifle by Alexander Rose
  172. Deja Dead by Kathy Reichs
  173. Faberge's Eggs by Toby Faber
  174. Varmint Rifles and Cartridges by Charles T. Richards
  175. 100 American Flags by Kit Hinrichs
  176. The Hunter's Haunch by Paula Young Lee
  177. Shoot to Win by Chris Cheng
  178. Brick Greek Myths by Amanda Brack; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  179. Tell Me Who I Am: The Story Behind the Netflix Documentary by Alex And Marcus Lewis; Joanna Hodgkin
  180. "Shooter's Bible by 104th Edition" by Jay Cassell
  181. Whitetail Savvy by Leonard Lee Rue
  182. Bowhunting Tactics That Deliver Trophies by Steve Bartylla
  183. Smithsonian Civil War by Smithsonian Institution
  184. Shooter's Bible Guide to Tactical Firearms by Robert A. Sadowski
  185. "1911: The First 100 Years by 2nd Edition" by Patrick Sweeney
  186. Secrets of the Sommeliers by Rajat Parr; Jordan Mackay
  187. The Watchmakers's and jeweler's Hand-Book by C. Hopkins
  188. "The Official eBay Guide to Buying by Selling by and Collecting Just About Anything" by Laura Fisher Kaiser; Michael Kaiser
  189. Booze & Vinyl by André Darlington; Tenaya Darlington
  190. Classic Car by N/A
  191. "The Ultimate Guide to Deer Hunting Skills by Tactics by and Techniques" by Jay Cassell
  192. Anatomy Book: Body Parts Edition by Speedy Publishing
  193. Dolls of the Tusayan Indians by J. Walter Fewkes
  194. The Brick Bible Presents Brick Exodus by Brendan Powell Smith
  195. Scouts in Bondage by Michael Bell
  196. An Introduction to Firearms by James Morgan Ayres
  197. Brick Flicks by Sarah Herman
  198. Near Misses by Dominic Bulone Jr.
  199. Rx for Deer Hunting Success by Peter J. Fiduccia
  200. Bowhunting Tactics That Deliver Trophies by Steve Bartylla
  201. Moby-Duck by Donovan Hohn
  202. Shooter's Bible Guide to Cartridges by Todd Woodard
  203. “Our Stars … Day by Day in Their Ways” by Thomas Fritz
  204. Challenger 1 by Robert Griffin
  205. Wildfowl Magazine's Duck Hunting by Skip Knowles
  206. The Metal Detecting Bible by Brandon Neice
  207. Tell Me Who I Am: The Story Behind the Netflix Documentary by Alex And Marcus Lewis; Joanna Hodgkin
  208. Doll Couture by Marsha Greenberg
  209. Ava Gardner by Kendra Bean; Anthony Uzarowski
  210. Telling Tales by Melissa Katsoulis
  211. The Gunsmith's Manual by J. P. Stelle; William B. Harrison
  212. The Man Who Loved Books Too Much by Allison Hoover Bartlett
  213. Game Worn by Stephen Wong; Dave Grob
  214. The Whitetail Hunter's Almanac by John Weiss
  215. Smithsonian Civil War by Smithsonian Institution
  216. A Kid's Guide to Collecting Coins by Arlyn G. Sieber
  217. Antique Trader Answers to Questions About Antiques & Collectibles by Kyle Husfloen
  218. Antiques 101 by "Frank Farmer Loomis by IV"
  219. Shooter's Bible Guide to Tactical Firearms by Robert A. Sadowski
  220. "1911: The First 100 Years by 2nd Edition" by Patrick Sweeney
  221. Shooter's Bible Guide to Whitetail Strategies by Peter J. Fiduccia
  222. Caring for Your Cherished Possessions by Mary K. Levenstein; Cordelia Frances Biddle
  223. "The Official Blackbook Price Guide to United States Coins 2013 by 51st Edition" by "Thomas E. Hudgeons by Jr."
  224. At the Tomb of the Inflatable Pig by John Gimlette
  225. Complete Guide to 3-Gun Competition by Chad Adams
  226. Shooter's Bible Guide to Planting Food Plots by Peter J. Fiduccia
  227. The Indian Righteousness by Amulya K. Mohanty
  228. Goldmine's Essential Guide to Record Collecting by Dave Thompson
  229. Gun Trader's Guide Thirty-Sixth Edition by Robert A. Sadowski
  230. The Pointer and His Predecessors by William Arkwright
  231. Advanced Gunsmithing by W. F. Vickery
  232. The Peacemaker and Its Rivals by John E. Parsons
  233. The Brick Bible Presents Brick Genesis by Brendan Powell Smith
  234. KNIVES 2020 by Joe Kertzman
  235. Sporting Firearms of Today in Use by Paul A. Curtis
  236. The Brick Bible: The New Testament by Brendan Powell Smith
  237. Wildfowl Magazine's Duck Hunting by Skip Knowles
  238. The Centurion Tank by Brian Delf
  239. Upland Autumn by William G. Tapply
  240. Doll Couture by Marsha Greenberg
  241. The Book of Mini by Kate Esme Unver
  242. Guns & Ammo Guide to Sniping by N/A
  243. Rifle Marksmanship by "Army by Department of the"
  244. RifleShooter Magazine's Guide to Big-Game Hunting by Editors of RifleShooter
  245. A Practical Guide to Costume Mounting by Lara Flecker
  246. Complete Bordeaux by Stephen Brook
  247. The Art of Roy Cross by Roy Cross
  248. I Had a Dog and a Cat - Pictures Drawn by Josef and Karel Capek by Karel Capek
  249. 1918: The German Offensives by John Sheen
  250. A Complete Guide to the History and Manufacture of Grandfather Clocks by Anon
  251. Golden Age of Chinese Art by Hugh Scott
  252. The Ironclads of Cambrai by Bryan Cooper
  253. Samurai Swordsman by Stephen Turnbull
  254. Check Points on How to Buy Oriental Rugs by Charles Jacobsen
  255. Malaysian Batik by Noor Azlina Yunus
  256. Textiles of Southeast Asia by Robyn Maxwell
  257. Photography in Japan 1853-1912 by Terry Bennett
  258. Collecting Autographs by Susan Brewer
  259. Things Korean by O-Young Lee
  260. Trades and Crafts of Old Japan by Eric A. Kaemmerer
  261. Whitman Encyclopedia of Obsolete Paper Money by Q. David Bowers
  262. A Guide Book of United States Paper Money by Arthur L. Friedberg
  263. A Guide Book of United States Type Coins by Q. David Bowers
  264. "The Official Red Book: A Guide Book of United States Coins by Professional Edition" by R.S. Yeoman
  265. Clockmaking - Past And Present by G. F. C. Gordon
  266. The Expert's Guide to Collecting & Investing in Rare Coins by Q. David Bowers
  267. 100 Greatest US Modern Coins by Scott Schechter
  268. 100 Greatest U.S. Coins by Jeff Garrett
  269. "The Federal Style in American Antique Furniture - A Pictorial Guide to the Federal Style of Hepplewhite by Shearer and the Early Work of Sheraton" by Edward Stratton Holloway
  270. The Tools and Materials of the Watchmaker - A Guide to the Amateur Watchmaker's Toolkit - Including How to make your own Tools by Anon
  271. American Silver Eagles by John M. Mercanti
  272. A Guide Book of U.S. Currency by Kenneth Bressett
  273. "The Official Red Book: A Guide Book of United States Coins by Professional Edition" by R.S. Yeoman
  274. United States Gold Counterfeit Detection Guide by Bill Favaz
  275. United States Currency by Kenneth Bressett
  276. A Guide Book of Morgan Silver Dollars by Q. David Bowers
  277. A Guide Book of Peace Dollars by Roger W. Burdette
  278. A Guide Book of United States Coins 2013 by R. S. Yeoman
  279. A Guide Book of Washington and State Quarter Dollars by Q. David Bowers
  280. Minecraft: Minecraft Pocket Edition In a Nutshell Guide by Jason Scotts
  281. Ray Eye's Turkey Hunting Bible by Ray Eye
  282. Brick Dracula and Frankenstein by Amanda Brack; Monica Sweeney; Becky Thomas
  283. Historical Costumes of England - From the Eleventh to the Twentieth Century by N. Bradfield
  284. Fashions and Costumes from Godey's Lady's Book by Stella Blum
  285. The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director by Thomas Chippendale
  286. American Victorian Costume in Early Photographs by Priscilla Harris Dalrymple
  287. The Long Island Rail Road in Early Photographs by Ron Ziel
  288. Tudor Costume and Fashion by Herbert Norris
  289. The Tools that Built America by Alex W. Bealer
  290. "Shoes by Hats and Fashion Accessories" by Carol Belanger Grafton
  291. Accessories of Dress by Katherine Lester
  292. French Fashion Illustrations of the Twenties by Carol Belanger Grafton
  293. A Pictorial Encyclopedia of Decorative Ironwork by Otto Hoever
  294. Historic English Costumes and How to Make Them by Talbot Hughes
  295. Everyday Fashions of the Thirties As Pictured in Sears Catalogs by Stella Blum
  296. Windsor Chairs by Wallace Nutting
  297. Carson City Morgan Dollars by Adam Crum
  298. Art Deco Ornamental Ironwork by Henri Martinie
  299. Masterpieces of Eighteenth-Century French Ironwork by F. Contet
  300. Everyday Fashions of the Forties As Pictured in Sears Catalogs by JoAnne Olian 1.
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