What Is Bitcoin, and How Does it Work? - How-To Geek

48 next week, after a divorce starting from the bottom again. Is FIRE possible?

As the title says, my divorce came through about 2 weeks ago and I am starting from the bottom rung again. I haven't got any property, and my assets are limited. What prompted me to grab this with both hands is that around that time my eldest daughter gave birth to my first grandchild so it's helped me to focus on the future.
I currently live with my parents, as during the week I work away from home and have a rented property near my work. It's nearly 2 hours away from home so commuting isn't an option (plus the client pays an accommodation allowance so not all bad). I do plan to buy a house within the next 5 or so years so that's my short term goal but whilst I don't need to I'm building up my assets.
I've been earning average income for the past few years (about £33k). During my marriage I was very limited to what I could do money wise. The wife would rarely contribute to household expenses, and would spend rather than save. I tried to get better paying jobs, but security was preferred over higher income. What little money I had left over I tried to save, but more often than not had to liquidate any investments in order to pay for essentials - like a car repair or replacement washing machine etc. We rented, as neither of us were in a good enough place financially to get a mortgage.
Now, as I'm not having to answer to her and being free to do what I want (within reason, we have a 11 year old daughter) I'm in a job earning double what I got in my previous position. Although I'm a contractor, I'm needed for the length of the project which is at least the next 2 years so I'm taking advantage of the boost in income. And thankfully during the lockdown they still paid me, as it would cost too much to get a replacement in if I did leave. For the last year my priority was paying off debts, I still have some (about 10k) but much more manageable than they were this time last year. I could pay everything off in the next 6 months, but I think it's time I started preparing for the future. The way I see it, if I lost my job in a month I'd have no debts but limited or no resources to feed myself. But if I start following more of the FIRE philosophies I'll at least have covered expenses for a few months if the worst happened. I've been a follower of MMM for a few years, haven't always agreed with what he says on some subjects (Cryptocurrency for instance) but I feel I'm ready to start putting FIRE into practice.
The two things I'm looking to concentrate on right now are emergency expenses and investing. What I have in place right now is a Moneybox S&S ISA which I intend to use for emergency expenses. For those not familiar with Moneybox it rounds up the pennies for expenses in the bank account to whole pounds. As well as this I do a weekly top up and a payday top up. Approximately £150-200 per month, current value around £600. I also tried to invest in the FTSE 100 with the spare change I had, and used a Halifax Sharebuilder. I put in around £30 per month and each month picked a new share from the FTSE 100. I'm about £960 in and probably about a third of the way through the FTSE100. Thinking about it I should have invested in a tracker fund, but hey, it's been in place for a few years and it's made me put money aside so not all bad. Right now most of it is red, but I put that down to the current economic climate and I'm in it for the long haul so at the moment it doesn't matter.
I've dabbled in Cryptocurrency. I work in IT and I've always been very much of a geek, so it comes with the territory. Mostly proof of stake coins, but early in the process more 'traditional' proof of work coins such as Bitcoin and Litecoin. Somewhere I do have a few hundred Bitcoin but can I find the seed phrase I wrote down? If only I'd emailed it to myself! I'm a lot more organised these days, and probably hold £2500 in a mix of different coins. I monitor the price weekly and react if I see a trend but mostly leave this untouched.
I also have some premium bonds. Probably around £500. I only started collecting them last year, so far no winnings but again I'm in it for the long haul so I'm looking at the average returns. If it makes me my million then so be it, if it doesn't win anything at all then I'll revisit it but I see it as something I can quickly liquidate if I need the money.
If I had to liquidate everything tomorrow, I could probably support myself for 3 months. I want this to be at least 6 months, the end goal to cover potentially 30 or more years of retirement.
My budget does have some things I can't avoid, such as paying rent twice (a token amount at home but market rates for work, probably around 1000 in total). The accommodation allowance mentioned above is sufficient to cover the away from home element and more. There's feeding myself, a couple of streaming services and Xbox Live (essential for my mental health when in a 1 bed flat during the work week), car expenses (I have a Skoda Octavia and regularly exceed 50mpg, 70+ on A roads) and the finance and associated fuel and insurance costs for that, and some ad-hoc expenses as they arise such as clothing. Overall I could live on 60% of my salary, the more debt I pay off the better that gets. What's helped here is my obsession with Excel - I monitor everything. I go through bank transactions and enter every penny into a budget planner, so I know where I am. And those budget figures I use in YNAB to keep a day to day eye on how I'm doing, so far it's been quite accurate at predicting what's coming out and when.
I know it's going to be difficult, starting so late. But has anybody else been as late to the party as me, and if so how was it for you? Any tips? I'm happy to elaborate on any of the above if I need to.
submitted by dazza12 to FIREUK [link] [comments]

Review and Prospect of Crypto Economy-Development and Evolution of Consensus Mechanism (2)

Review and Prospect of Crypto Economy-Development and Evolution of Consensus Mechanism (2)

https://preview.redd.it/a51zsja94db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=99e8080c9e9b1fb5e11cbd70f915f9cb37188f81
Foreword
The consensus mechanism is one of the important elements of the blockchain and the core rule of the normal operation of the distributed ledger. It is mainly used to solve the trust problem between people and determine who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining the effective unification of the system in the blockchain system. Thus, it has become an everlasting research hot topic in blockchain.
This article starts with the concept and role of the consensus mechanism. First, it enables the reader to have a preliminary understanding of the consensus mechanism as a whole; then starting with the two armies and the Byzantine general problem, the evolution of the consensus mechanism is introduced in the order of the time when the consensus mechanism is proposed; Then, it briefly introduces the current mainstream consensus mechanism from three aspects of concept, working principle and representative project, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of the mainstream consensus mechanism; finally, it gives suggestions on how to choose a consensus mechanism for blockchain projects and pointed out the possibility of the future development of the consensus mechanism.
Contents
First, concept and function of the consensus mechanism
1.1 Concept: The core rules for the normal operation of distributed ledgers
1.2 Role: Solve the trust problem and decide the generation and maintenance of new blocks
1.2.1 Used to solve the trust problem between people
1.2.2 Used to decide who is responsible for generating new blocks and maintaining effective unity in the blockchain system
1.3 Mainstream model of consensus algorithm
Second, the origin of the consensus mechanism
2.1 The two armies and the Byzantine generals
2.1.1 The two armies problem
2.1.2 The Byzantine generals problem
2.2 Development history of consensus mechanism
2.2.1 Classification of consensus mechanism
2.2.2 Development frontier of consensus mechanism
Third, Common Consensus System
Fourth, Selection of consensus mechanism and summary of current situation
4.1 How to choose a consensus mechanism that suits you
4.1.1 Determine whether the final result is important
4.1.2 Determine how fast the application process needs to be
4.1.2 Determining the degree to which the application requires for decentralization
4.1.3 Determine whether the system can be terminated
4.1.4 Select a suitable consensus algorithm after weighing the advantages and disadvantages
4.2 Future development of consensus mechanism
Last lecture review: Chapter 1 Concept and Function of Consensus Mechanism plus Chapter 2 Origin of Consensus Mechanism
Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 1)
Figure 6 Summary of relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms
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https://preview.redd.it/9r7q3xra4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=bae5554a596feaac948fae22dffafee98c4318a7
Source: Hasib Anwar, "Consensus Algorithms: The Root Of The Blockchain Technology"
The picture above shows 14 relatively mainstream consensus mechanisms summarized by a geek Hasib Anwar, including PoW (Proof of Work), PoS (Proof of Stake), DPoS (Delegated Proof of Stake), LPoS (Lease Proof of Stake), PoET ( Proof of Elapsed Time), PBFT (Practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance), SBFT (Simple Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DBFT (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance), DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph), Proof-of-Activity (Proof of Activity), Proof-of- Importance (Proof of Importance), Proof-of-Capacity (Proof of Capacity), Proof-of-Burn ( Proof of Burn), Proof-of-Weight (Proof of Weight).
Next, we will mainly introduce and analyze the top ten consensus mechanisms of the current blockchain.
》POW
-Concept:
Work proof mechanism. That is, the proof of work means that it takes a certain amount of computer time to confirm the work.
-Principle:
Figure 7 PoW work proof principle
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https://preview.redd.it/xupacdfc4db51.png?width=554&format=png&auto=webp&s=3b6994641f5890804d93dfed9ecfd29308c8e0cc
The PoW represented by Bitcoin uses the SHA-256 algorithm function, which is a 256-bit hash algorithm in the password hash function family:
Proof of work output = SHA256 (SHA256 (block header));
if (output of proof of work if (output of proof of work >= target value), change the random number, recursive i logic, continue to compare with the target value.
New difficulty value = old difficulty value* (time spent by last 2016 blocks /20160 minutes)
Target value = maximum target value / difficulty value
The maximum target value is a fixed number. If the last 2016 blocks took less than 20160 minutes, then this coefficient will be small, and the target value will be adjusted bigger, if not, the target value will be adjusted smaller. Bitcoin mining difficulty and block generation speed will be inversely proportional to the appropriate adjustment of block generation speed.
-Representative applications: BTC, etc.
》POS
-Concept:
Proof of stake. That is, a mechanism for reaching consensus based on the holding currency. The longer the currency is held, the greater the probability of getting a reward.
-Principle:
PoS implementation algorithm formula: hash(block_header) = Coin age calculation formula: coinage = number of coins * remaining usage time of coins
Among them, coinage means coin age, which means that the older the coin age, the easier it is to get answers. The calculation of the coin age is obtained by multiplying the coins owned by the miner by the remaining usage time of each coin, which also means that the more coins you have, the easier it is to get answers. In this way, pos solves the problem of wasting resources in pow, and miners cannot own 51% coins from the entire network, so it also solves the problem of 51% attacks.
-Representative applications: ETH, etc.
》DPoS
-Concept:
Delegated proof of stake. That is, currency holding investors select super nodes by voting to operate the entire network , similar to the people's congress system.
-Principle:
The DPOS algorithm is divided into two parts. Elect a group of block producers and schedule production.
Election: Only permanent nodes with the right to be elected can be elected, and ultimately only the top N witnesses can be elected. These N individuals must obtain more than 50% of the votes to be successfully elected. In addition, this list will be re-elected at regular intervals.
Scheduled production: Under normal circumstances, block producers take turns to generate a block every 3 seconds. Assuming that no producer misses his order, then the chain they produce is bound to be the longest chain. When a witness produces a block, a block needs to be generated every 2s. If the specified time is exceeded, the current witness will lose the right to produce and the right will be transferred to the next witness. Then the witness is not only unpaid, but also may lose his identity.
-Representative applications: EOS, etc.
》DPoW
-Concept:
Delayed proof of work. A new-generation consensus mechanism based on PoB and DPoS. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. This can achieve a balance between computing power and mining rights.
-Principle:
In the DPoW-based blockchain, miners are no longer rewarded tokens, but "wood" that can be burned, burning wood. Miners use their own computing power, through the hash algorithm, and finally prove their work, get the corresponding wood, wood is not tradable. After the wood has accumulated to a certain amount, you can go to the burning site to burn the wood. Through a set of algorithms, people who burn more wood or BP or a group of BP can obtain the right to generate blocks in the next event segment, and get rewards (tokens) after successful block generation. Since more than one person may burn wood in a time period, the probability of producing blocks in the next time period is determined by the amount of wood burned by oneself. The more it is burned, the higher the probability of obtaining block rights in the next period.
Two node types: notary node and normal node.
The 64 notary nodes are elected by the stakeholders of the dPoW blockchain, and the notarized confirmed blocks can be added from the dPoW blockchain to the attached PoW blockchain. Once a block is added, the hash value of the block will be added to the Bitcoin transaction signed by 33 notary nodes, and a hash will be created to the dPow block record of the Bitcoin blockchain. This record has been notarized by most notary nodes in the network. In order to avoid wars on mining between notary nodes, and thereby reduce the efficiency of the network, Komodo designed a mining method that uses a polling mechanism. This method has two operating modes. In the "No Notary" (No Notary) mode, all network nodes can participate in mining, which is similar to the traditional PoW consensus mechanism. In the "Notaries Active" mode, network notaries use a significantly reduced network difficulty rate to mine. In the "Notary Public Activation" mode, each notary public is allowed to mine a block with its current difficulty, while other notary public nodes must use 10 times the difficulty of mining, and all normal nodes use 100 times the difficulty of the notary public node.
Figure 8 DPoW operation process without a notary node
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https://preview.redd.it/3yuzpemd4db51.png?width=500&format=png&auto=webp&s=f3bc2a1c97b13cb861414d3eb23a312b42ea6547
-Representative applications: CelesOS, Komodo, etc.
CelesOS Research Institute丨DPoW consensus mechanism-combustible mining and voting
》PBFT
-Concept:
Practical Byzantine fault tolerance algorithm. That is, the complexity of the algorithm is reduced from exponential to polynomial level, making the Byzantine fault-tolerant algorithm feasible in practical system applications.
-Principle:
Figure 9 PBFT algorithm principle
📷
https://preview.redd.it/8as7rgre4db51.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=372be730af428f991375146efedd5315926af1ca
First, the client sends a request to the master node to call the service operation, and then the master node broadcasts other copies of the request. All copies execute the request and send the result back to the client. The client needs to wait for f+1 different replica nodes to return the same result as the final result of the entire operation.
Two qualifications: 1. All nodes must be deterministic. That is to say, the results of the operation must be the same under the same conditions and parameters. 2. All nodes must start from the same status. Under these two limited qualifications, even if there are failed replica nodes, the PBFT algorithm agrees on the total order of execution of all non-failed replica nodes, thereby ensuring security.
-Representative applications: Tendermint Consensus, etc.
Next Lecture: Chapter 3 Common Consensus Mechanisms (Part 2) + Chapter 4 Consensus Mechanism Selection and Status Summary
CelesOS
As the first DPOW financial blockchain operating system, CelesOS adopts consensus mechanism 3.0 to break through the "impossible triangle", which can provide high TPS while also allowing for decentralization. Committed to creating a financial blockchain operating system that embraces supervision, providing services for financial institutions and the development of applications on the supervision chain, and formulating a role and consensus ecological supervision layer agreement for supervision.
The CelesOS team is dedicated to building a bridge between blockchain and regulatory agencies/financial industry. We believe that only blockchain technology that cooperates with regulators will have a real future. We believe in and contribute to achieving this goal.

📷Website
https://www.celesos.com/
📷 Telegram
https://t.me/celeschain
📷 Twitter
https://twitter.com/CelesChain
📷 Reddit
https://www.reddit.com/useCelesOS
📷 Medium
https://medium.com/@celesos
📷 Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/CelesOS1
📷 Youtube
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1Xsd8wU957D-R8RQVZPfGA
submitted by CelesOS to u/CelesOS [link] [comments]

Bitcoin

A lot of people talk about how Bitcoin will possibly reach mainstream adoption. While this is ideal, it likely won't happen in the way we visualize it.
Bitcoin's greatest strengths and key selling point is not very popular - that is, the idea of financial self-sovereignty, protection against inflation, security without third parties, and so on. Gold has had many of these properties for years, but gold bugs are somewhat rare in economic circles and certainly rare among mainstream.
It is too idealistic to believe that the mainstream will become "educated" and "financially literate" and therefore, adopt Bitcoin. That's not how the mainstream operates. They operate more like a fickle customer, following trends and only being concerned with short-term hits of dopamine that comes from things like a fast shopping experience, or a fast rise in an investment.
If Bitcoin remains how it has been for the last 10 years, it simply doesn't have enough flash to attract the mainstream. But perhaps, that is perfectly fine. Because Bitcoin can become ubiquitous without anyone in mainstream knowing what it is or how it works, much like TCP/IP or the Internet itself is simply "there" while the mainstream enjoys the results of the framework.
The way the Internet developed, was that a very, very, very small number of highly enthusiastic geeks decided to build something useful and interesting. They didn't spend a lot of time questioning, "how will we make the Internet accessible to the mainstream?" Rather, they knew that if the system was built on a solid foundation, good engineering principles, with scalability, security, and efficiency in mind, that it would naturally attract success if they did things right. Usability was not a concern, at least in the early phases.
It didn't matter that it required a ton of commands, scripts, complicated tools to make this "Internet" contraption work from their garage. Nobody knew what the hell it was, or how it worked, or why they would someday need it. They just knew the geeks were working on something.
Usability really came in once the businesses got involved, and started to streamline the "Internet". In fact, they adopted it so fast that the standards groups and geeks were not able to keep up with their desire to grow on top of the Internet. This created problems, where the technology wasn't ready for scale. For example, JavaScript was never meant to be a full-fledged application language for the client-side in browsers, but websites simply kept getting more and more complex. JavaScript standards have caught up to some degree, and browsers are more powerful, but it's still fundamentally something that could be far more efficient if it was designed from the ground up. Some concepts exist that could replace JavaScript such as Web Assembler but so far I haven't seen any really catch on or ready to overtake JavaScript.
The point is, Bitcoin will likely never be "mainstream" in the sense that everyone knows what it is or how it works. But, it will simply be the framework for financial transactions over the internet. The average user may never need to know that a system is using TCP/IP, or HTTPS, or BTC. It's simply a technology that makes good things happen for them, and that's enough.
The most mature, and secure Layer 1 is BTC. The most mature, and secure Layer 2 is BTC with Lightning Network. As we continue to build the standard, competing standards such as alt-coins, will continue to stick around. But eventually, it won't make sense for higher level platforms to adopt so many different root systems. In the beginning perhaps, it does make sense to support multiple platforms, but ultimately, communication standards should converge to make it easier for everyone. Otherwise, what is the point of a "standard" if there are so many of them? We only need one, and it makes things effective without any downside.
Is it possible for a sudden shift in underlying technology as the basis becomes something other than BTC? Yes, it is, but highly unlikely. At this point, it's not even worth considering because the distance between #1 and #2 is widening every day.
And it's important to understand, what "distance" are we talking about? Is it the "market cap"?
No.
Definitely NOT market cap.
What makes a technology like the internet the standard, is the adoption of platforms building on top of it. The fact that Lightning Network is primarily growing the fastest on Bitcoin is extremely significant. And, many platforms are building on Lightning Network itself, as a 3rd layer. Market cap, total value, is actually quite meaningless in this aspect. You could say "PayPal" and "Venmo" and "Apple Pay" all have far more value behind it because these businesses are huge. But these are not really comparable because they are not designed to be open platforms. Just like, "AOL" was huge back in the 90s, it was not the open Internet that we see today.
Java was once an extremely proprietary language, but they soon realized that by keeping it closed, nobody would build on it. Ultimately, now people can write Java programs without an official license, which blossomed into a ton of Java applications and kept Java alive. If it remained closed, it would likely be a forgotten relic of the past. Many people would have kept building on Java if they had no other choice, but slowly, there were more better and more open choices available.
Today, PayPal and the fiat currency are platforms that have a monopoly on transactions, but slowly, it's becoming clear to 2nd and 3rd layer applications that there is an advantage to using Bitcoin. And a new, open platform is better than the closed platforms.
It's important to separate the adoption of technology from the adoption of Bitcoin as use as "direct cash replacement" and as use as "store-of-value". Both are great, but what is really going to change the world, is the way Bitcoin is currently building a new type of financial "Internet". An actual, usable, stable communication protocol for how to transmit value without closed platforms.
In the beginning, we had many internet systems such as Gopher and Usenet and FTP and others, but for certain, it was HTTP and the World-Wide-Web that really became the "must-have" protocol for everyone. And HTTP is now probably used more for Email (Web-based), Group Chat (Discord/Slack), and File Transfers (cloud storage) than any of the individual protocols that existed. There is a convenience in dealing with one protocol. Bitcoin is likely to be that one protocol, because it's the easiest and more secure. Altcoins are interesting, but they are wild experiments at best. They may have some obscure use here or there, but we know that all else being equal, mass adoption will prefer to simplify. And simplifying all applications to be built on Bitcoin, rather than against Bitcoin, will likely be preferred by most serious platforms.
So don't worry if your friends arn't using Bitcoin to go shopping or that the mainstream just doesn't seem educated enough to understand it. They don't need to. Bitcoin will win because people will adopt the most efficient, reliable technology. People didn't understand how cars worked, but they were way faster than dealing with a horse pulling a buggy. People adopted it because the technology was good. Until people just use cars now as "common sense" transportation.
Closed systems like PayPal and Apple Pay will eventually die. Like AOL and Compuserve and all the thousands of other closed, proprietary, commercial systems that required permission or license or registration. At one point, AOL looked unstoppable. Everyone was on it. You would never have thought they would die. But they were unstoppable, until they wern't. And nobody blinked an eye. Someday, PayPal will be a relic of the past, as will Visa, MasterCard, and fiat currency. And it will feel so obvious that everyone switched to money that was technologically superior and open to everybody, that nobody will blink an eye.
submitted by 1anon2ABji2ciXyeyVsj to u/1anon2ABji2ciXyeyVsj [link] [comments]

some days I hate existing (life situation vent)

sorry if this is a downer post, but I literally had to find and join this sub-reddit just to be able to get some shit off my chest from today and life as a whole right at the moment... thank you for having this Reddit exist, first and foremost, because life sucks for me lately, in general, and for a good number of years, and I am having one hell of a bad day and just need to get this shit off my chest before I have a meltdown. so thank you for whomever created this sub-reddit.

anywho... hey, how's it going, my name is Mike IRL, but I just go by the name High Voltage online, I am a furry, and to use a short and to the point name everyone calls me anymore, I'm just gonna say Hey, I'm volt.

anyways... I'm an autistic furry, I love life...usually...but as of these last handful of years, life has just been one hell of a suck fest. I am a computer geek, self taught, by nature, passion, and habit, I love technology, but the more I learn, the more I realize Murphy is a vindictive bitch. Murphy in this case is Murphy's law, and me and that little shithead have a love hate relationship... I love technology, he loves to make technology hate my guts, and the more I learn about shit, the more I can tell just how much shit goes wrong in ways that are uncommon for me, and for general life. I have friends in the tech industry, that all unanimously agree, and I quote them all here "how the FUCK do you have so many things go wrong?!" this includes a friend who works for dell as a storage expert, a friend that's a tech support call center representative, and a plethora more friends that are just over all tech heads. one point I need to get off my chest.

another thing, is that for the life of me, for the last 10 years since graduation from high school, nothing I do is allowing me to get my ass in a tech job, no amount of experience personally taught, no amount of tech certifications make any difference, nothings helping and I've had to jump from one dead end job to another, just to be able to even afford to survive, and hell, that's a joke in and of itself, cause I cant even afford to be alive, and live, I am barely scraping by, ever, and am forced to live with my parents because I cant even afford subsidized housing, section 8 or otherwise.

per my autism and other issues, I have to take prescriptions just to function in society, which on their own, cost more than I have ever made in a month at any job I've ever had to date, given they are around 8k a month without insurance.

on the comment of insurance, I have to use medicaid/medicare just to be able to afford to be alive, which in turn makes me have an income limit per month, so I cant ever make more than about 1 thousand dollars in a month, making my whopping glorious yearly income, four thousand dollars a year less than poverty, which is classified here in my state as 16 thousand dollars a year.

usually this does not bother me and I'm able to maintain a fairly positive outlook on life, plus or minus my usual depression...and I don't usually let things bug me, and have made in my opinion, a name for myself as being generous, and donating money whenever I'm able to to those less fortunate than myself, countless times I've helped keep friends of mine online whom I have never actually met, and hold credible for being in the situations they claim to be at face value because I trust people and I'm a compassionate person... I have been told so many times by my parents that I'm too trusting, that I have literally lost count...

I have even been scolded by my father once for, and I quote, "your not an entrepreneur, strive for mediocrity!" while a friend of mine was at my house in the basement waiting on me, when my father found out, while I still had my income cap, BEFORE government regulations happened, regulating bitcoin as a taxable asset (I have since gotten out of the bitcoin game for a few years now and it served its purpose while it lasted)

but all of these things are normally manageable on their own in stride.... the thing that's finally just caused me to have enough at this point is the fact that I just realized how truly shitty my current discovery is right now....

more on that one in a moment however...

the one thing that I have always been proud of is this, the fact that I am self taught for all of my computer experience that I have amassed to date, including but not limited to having to be resourceful on finding good deals, given that I found and paid for myself on my measly income, all of the servers that I have to date at my ownership, all found through scrounging for deals, on Facebook marketplace, and driving literally half the entire state of Ohio one way trip to find a deal for a thing I'm after, I have HAD to be resourceful for everything, because I had nothing for income... this includes having to plan and build my own data server using second hand parts, whenever possible, and I have not had any regrets on that, because it has allowed me to get still working systems for damn good prices... so I have never, until today, regretted that... because it has always been mine, built with pride, pride that I found good deals on things, that still worked, and still had usefulness to someone (me) and gave these devices a second lease on life, for good prices, and it was something I did myself, through sheer determination, patience (something I severely lack, and the entire reason I fish for catfish when me and my folks go fishing), and resourcefulness.

welp....honestly, at this point, I don't know what the hell to do now, because out of all of the drives that I have tested so far that this thing uses, after having lost unimaginable quantities of priceless memories that I can never get back, thousands and thousands of dollars in software I cant get back (one of many failures of the storage server, and mistakenly purged gmail emails, leaving zero traces of the software and no ability to discover what it was to try and recover it anymore) and numerous personal memories in the ways of family photos lost among so much more...

of all the drives in this system, over half of them now are saying they are IMMINENT failure, and all of them, every single one of them, is either pre-fail or old age, and given that I have always HAD to buy second hand used and abused storage off of ebay, its no surprise that this has become the case.....normally I'd say "oh well, sucks, gonna have to save up and buy new drive replacements again" in the form of more used drives.....but now, the icing on the cake here, and why I'm at my point of typing up this entire post? I am one of the people that lost their jobs due to this whole pandemic....so....I literally have no way what so ever, to even try and replace these drives...and now I am left with an empty feeling in the pit of my stomach, and an epic oncoming depression fit.

bonus fun points to the fact that I do my damnedest to never ask for funding help for anything in my life ever, given that its the mindset of "my projects, my fun times, my money, nobody else should /HAVE/ to help me given this is MY fun stuff" and the few times I ever ask anyone for help, everyone always jumps down my throat, friends wise, saying how greedy I am as a person to ever ask for funding help for MY stuff, and "what will I get out of it? nothing? then why the fuck should I want to help YOU if I don't get anything from it?" so I always tend to not WANT to ask for help, EVER, given this is how I get treated when I do, and then the few times that I genuinely feel like I need to, after always having that mindset of being a burden to the world, and a nuisance to my friends, when I finally get up the nerve to fucking do so and make a gofundme out of sheer necessity...out of all of the times I have done so, over the years, I literally can count on one single hand, the number of times anybody has ACTUALLY helped me....and I get it, it does not effect them at all, and its their money, trust me I get it, but when I DO actually need help, I never get it... this is one of those times I need help...and I wont get it, and I truly understand that, especially now with this pandemic and so many people being out of their jobs and or scared of losing their jobs, I understand that, I wouldn't be able to now even if I wanted to anyways, but it just fucking sucks... always going so far out of my way to help others when I'm able to, and then life always being such a fucking bitch like this to me.

*sighs heavily* anyways....sorry for the vent, but I fucking needed to bitch and moan somewhat today...god knows I've been forced to try and bottle it up for far too fucking long, because everyone's been tired of my bitching, even though I tend to only do so, to enough of a degree to keep my head afloat as needed.

just for shits and giggles, I'll post a link to the hard drive reports, just to share what I am forced to work with because its all I can afford...not that I have any problems with it mind you, if it works, and I can afford it, then that's what I'll take any fucking day of the week, given its a means to an end.
https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1gK7EGCU9fX9lcC1G4to2ZwbvNA8cBVQM?usp=sharing
anyways...as usual, I've made my gofundme, and as usual, I know what to expect...nothing...but whatever. such is life.
submitted by mapmd1234 to Vent [link] [comments]

Monero, the Most Private Cryptocurrency

Monero, the Most Private Cryptocurrency
Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto!

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Monero, or XMR for short, is an open-source cryptocurrency that is safe, reliable, private, and untraceable. It can run on Windows, Mac, Linux, and FreeBSD, and is known as one of the most private cryptocurrencies. In 2018, Monero already ranked 10th in terms of trading volume, with its market value beyond 1 billion US dollars, an evidence for its great fame in this field.
By a special method in cryptography, Monero ensures that all transactions remain 100% irrelevant and untraceable. Perhaps after reading this article, you will understand why it is so special and popular in the increasingly transparent and traceable cryptocurrency circle (After all privacy comes first!).
In fact, many large cryptocurrencies in the world are not anonymous. All transactions on Bitcoin and Ethereum are made public and traceable, which means that anyone can eavesdrop on transactions flowing into and out of the wallet. That has given rise to a new type of cryptocurrency called “privacy currency”! These “privacy currencies” hide encrypted transactions by adopting specific types of passwords. One typical example is Monero, one of the largest privacy cryptocurrencies in the world.
Monero was created on April 18, 2014 under the name BitMonero, literally the combination of Bit (Bitcoin) and Monero (the “coin” in Esperanto). In five days, the community decided to change its name to Monero.
Interestingly, Monero’s creators valued personal privacy and tried to behave in a low-key manner with pseudonyms instead of the real names. It is said that the Monero major contributor’s nickname is “thankful for today”, yet this guy has gradually disappeared from public view as Monero developed day by day.
Unlike many cryptocurrencies derived from BTC, Monero is based on the CryptoNote protocol. It is also the first branch based on the Bytecoin of CryptoNote currency. Here is some information about Bytecoin: BCN, for short, is a decentralized cryptocurrency with a high degree of privacy; it has open-source codes that allow everyone to contribute to the development of the Bytecoin network; and the Bytecoin network provides global users with instant private transactions that are not traceable and at no additional cost.
Yet, as a branch of BCN, Monero outshines its parent in reputation by being different in two ways. First, Monero’s target block time was reduced from 120 seconds to 60 seconds; second, the issuance speed was cut by 50% (which reverted to 120-second residence later, with the issuance time maintained and the reward for each new block doubled). By the way, during the fork, the Monero developers also found a lot of low-quality codes and then refactored them. (That is exactly what geeks will do)
Monero’s modular code structure was also highly appreciated by Wladimir J. van der Laan, one of the core maintainers of Bitcoin.
Monero values privacy, decentralization and scalability, and there are significant algorithm differences in blockchain fuzzification, which sets it apart from its peers. How private is it? Here are more details.
1. Safe and reliable
For a decentralized cryptocurrency, decentralization means that its network is operated by users; transactions are confirmed by decentralized consensus and then recorded on the blockchain irrevocably. Monero needs no third party to guarantee the safety of funds;
2. Privacy protection
Monero confuses all transaction sources, amounts, and recipients through ring signatures, ring confidential transactions, and invisible addresses. Apart from all the advantages of a decentralized cryptocurrency, it is by no means inferior in safeguarding privacy;
3. Unable to track
The sender, the receiver and the transaction amount of all Monero transactions must be anonymous by default. The information on the Monero Blockchain cannot be matched with physical individuals or specific users, so there is no trace to track;
4. Scalable
Everyone knows that Bitcoin’sability to process transactions has always been limited by the scalability issue; as we have mentioned before in the introduction of Bitcoin, the block size of 1MB makes things difficult. But Monero’s developers have created a system that allows the network to process more transactions when needed; what’s more, Monero does not have any “pre-set” restrictions on block size.
Of course, this also means that some malicious miners may block the system with large blocks. To prevent this from happening, Monero has worked out countermeasures: the block reward penalty of the system.
On October 18, 2018, Monero’s latest hard fork changed the consensus mechanism algorithm to CrypotoNight V8. In this hard fork, it introduced the BulletProff bulletproof protocol, which can also effectively reduce the transaction fee of miners without disclosing transactions
It is said that Monero will issue about 18.4 million XMR in around 8 years. Moreover, it eclipses its counterparts in distribution — with no pre-mining or pre-sale, all block rewards will be left to miners by means of the POW mechanism.
Here is the reward scheme of Monero in two stages:
  1. Acceleration: mine 18132000 XMR before May 2022;
  2. Deceleration: Deceleration starts right after 18132000 XMR are mined, and there will be a reward of 0.6XMR for each block mined afterwards. In this way, the overall supply will be kept on a small scale and decelerated.
Monero is also excellent in its development concept that is designed to be anti-ASIC from the very beginning. Here is a brief introduction to ASIC (Special Application Integrated Circuit).
Due to the specificity of ASICs, specially designed ASICs can usually have much higher hashrate than general CPUs, GPUs, and even FPGAs — that makes hashrate excessively centralized and makes it vulnerable to the monopoly of single centralized institutions. Yet the cryptonight algorithm used by Monero allows most CPUs and even FPGAs to get involved and get mining rewards, instead of making GPU the only one that can efficiently mine.
In other words, Monero’s core development team will modify the consensus mechanism algorithm and have a hard fork after some time to ensure its strength against ASIC and the monopoly of hashrate.
However, although Monero has been designed against ASICs to avoid centralization, nearly 43% of its hashrate is still owned by 3 mining pools; in addition, it is not a BTC-based currency, making it even harder to introduce some elements. Of course, Monero is not that newbie-friendly, and thus has not been widely accepted.
Yet each cryptocurrency has its own features. As long as Monero keeps improving its privacy, it will definitely attract increasing followers. If you are interested in Monero, welcome to CoinEx for exchange or trade.

About CoinEx

As a global and professional cryptocurrency exchange service provider, CoinEx was founded in December 2017 with Bitmain-led investment and has obtained a legal license in Estonia. It is a subsidiary brand of the ViaBTC Group, which owns the fifth largest BTC mining pool, which is also the largest of BCH mining, in the world.
CoinEx supports perpetual contract, spot, margin trading and other derivatives trading, and its service reaches global users in nearly 100 countries/regions with various languages available, such as Chinese, English, Korean and Russian.
Website: https://www.coinex.com/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/coinexcom
Telegram: https://t.me/CoinExOfficialENG
Click here to register on CoinEx!
submitted by CoinEx_Institution to Coinex [link] [comments]

White Paper, Miner, Pizza … | "Old Objects" in the Cryptocurrency Museum

White Paper, Miner, Pizza … |
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Museum has played the role of a time recorder. Talking about bitcoin, more than ten years has passed since the creation of it. Although it is uncomparable to the stock market with a hundred years of history, during the ten years, in the different stages of the development of bitcoin and blockchain have continuously poured in geeks, miners, speculators, newbies, leaving keywords such as sudden rich, myth, scam, belief, revolution, etc.
There are also many “old objects” with stories in the “Museum” of the cryptocurrency realm. On Museum Day, let ’s review the stories brought by these “old objects”.
The First Digital Currency White Paper — Bitcoin White Paper
On Oct. 31, 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto released the Bitcoin white paper — A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System in the cryptographic mail group where he belongs, and Bitcoin was born since then.
A white paper is a document that explains the purpose and technology used in cryptocurrency. Usually a cryptocurrency uses the white paper to help people understand what it provides, and it is also an important information channel for investors to understand a project. Therefore, the level of the white paper affects people’s confidence towards the coin.
In a word, in the cryptocurrency and blockchain industry, the value of a white paper is equivalent to that of a standard financing speech. The white paper plays a vital role in this emerging market.
The First Public Bitcoin-Physical Transaction — Pizza
Since Satoshi Nakamoto mined the Bitcoin genesis block on January 3, 2009, Bitcoin has only been spread among the small crowd and has not realized its value.
Not until May 22, 2010, Bitcoin enthusiast “Laszlo Hanyecz” bought a pizza coupon worth $25 with 10,000 bitcoins. This is the first public bitcoin-physical transaction. Bitcoin has its price with 0.3 cents per bitcoin.


This day has also become the famous “Bitcoin Pizza Day” in Bitcoin history. Bitcoin as the imagination of the financial system has more practical significance. The tenth anniversary is coming. How will you commemorate it? Will you buy a pizza?
The First Digital Asset Exchange — Bitcoinmarket.com
After the birth of Bitcoin, in addition to mining, the only way to get Bitcoin in the early days was to conduct transactions on forums or IRC (commonly known as Internet Relay Chat). However, this method involves both long transaction time and great security risk.
In March 2010, the first digital asset exchange — Bitcoinmarket.com launched. However, due to lack of liquidity and transaction depth, it disappeared soon after its establishment, but Bitcoinmarket.com opened the era of the operation of the cryptocurrency realm exchange 1.0.


On June 9, 2011, China’s first Bitcoin exchange — Bitcoin China (BTCChina) launched. Its founder, Yang Linke, translated Bitcoin into Chinese “比特币” for the first time. In 2013, China’s bitcoin trading entered the golden age, and exchanges sprung up. China monopolized more than 90% of the world’s bitcoin transactions. Now, if the top three exchanges Binance, Huobi Global, OKEx are the Exchange 2.0, then the index exchange represented by 58COIN called the 3.0 version, leading the trend.
The First Generation of High-Performance Miner — ASIC Miner
When Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin, the only way to get it is to use computers (including home computers) to mine, mainly relying on the CPU to calculate. However, as the value of digital currencies such as Bitcoin has become higher and higher, mining has become an industry with the competition is getting fiercer, accompanied by increasing difficulty of mining. Therefore, hardware performance competition starts.
In July 2012, the genius Jiang Xinyu (Internet nickname is “Friedcat”) from the junior class of the University of Science and Technology declared at the forum that he could make ASIC miners (chips). As far as mining computing power is concerned, ASICs can be tens of thousands or more higher than the same-generation CPUs and GPUs.
At the beginning of 2013, Zhang Nanqian (Pumpkin Zhang), a suspended doctoral student from the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, developed the ASIC miner and named it “Avalon”.


In June 2013, the Friedcat’s miner USB was finally released, and it maintained 20% of the computing power of the entire network.
At the end of 2013, Wu Jihan, used the tens of millions yuan earned from Friedcat through investment, worked together with Jenke group, to develop the Antminer S1. Since then, the miner manufacturer Bitmain began to enter the stage of history.
It is no exaggeration to say that Friedcat and Zhang Nangeng have opened the domestic “mining” era.
The Birthplace of China’s Bitcoin — Garage Coffee
It is not only the “old objects” that record history, but also a place that everyone in the cryptocurrency realm aspires to.
Guo Hongcai once said, “Without no The Garage Café, there will be no cryptocurrency realm today. Since it is a very mysterious place that all waves of people from the café joint together to create today’s digital asset industry.

▲ In March 2013, American student Jake Smith successfully purchased a cup of coffee at The Garage Café with 0.131 bitcoins. This move attracted the attention of CCTV, and it conducted an interview.
Indeed, The Garage Café is the world ’s first entrepreneurial-themed coffee shop. It has been legendary since its establishment in 2011. The Garage Cafét is not only the core coordinate on China’s Bitcoin map, but also the birthplace of the Chinese cryptocurrency circle, where digital asset realm tycoons including Guo Hongcai, Zhao Dong, Li Xiaolai, Li Lin have made their ways.
The development of digital currency is only 11 years old. Through these “old objects”, we review the various stories of this wave of technology together, hoping to help you understand the development process of the digital currency field. Meanwhile, I also remind all practitioners to use history as a mirror and forge ahead.
Website: https://www.58ex.com/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/58_coin
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/coin.58COIN
Telegram: https://t.me/official58
Medium: https://medium.com/@58coin_blog/
submitted by 58CoinExchange to u/58CoinExchange [link] [comments]

The price of a Satoshi never changes. (coingeek conference subject)

It would take pages and pages to cover this topic but I am going to keep it real simple and just make a few statements that should point to why the statement made by the guest at the coin-geek conference is wrong. The economist said that to work as money you need to lock the price of bitcoin. He is correct in theory, but he didn't understand the following realities.
  1. As the network grows fees should go down.
  2. at full scale fees should be very low
  3. What is the lowest possible fee??
    1. One satoshi is the lowest possible fee, there is no smaller amount of money
  4. What is the value or utility of this one satoshi??
    1. The value is the ability to post one item on the ledger to either pay the fee or act as the anchor for an asset attached to that Satoshi.
It's hard to think of the world without money, so try to imagine the world with no dollars and only valued in gold. That is sort of easy. Now imagine the whole world valued in the ability to watch one movie. Harder, but possible. No imagine the world valued in "posting one item to the ledger".
When you value the whole world and all of it's assets in the value terms of "posting one item to the ledger" then you start to see that the value of the satoshi doesn't change. It is the same now as it will be in 1,000 years.
The value actuality is the ability to post one thing on the ledger, and I say this having fast forwarded to a point in time where the network has already expanded to near full adoption and reached a balance point.
In order to have a good money the money can't be a part of the economy it tries to represent. How can gold be compared to circuit boards when it takes gold to make circuit boards?? The value becomes circular. (a point made by the guest)
My thesis is that the value of bitcoin doesn't change, it's the rest of the things in the economy getting cheaper when compared to the only thing that matter, the ability to post to the ledger.
Posting to the ledger is such an important power, and this ledger increases trust and reduces bad actors so much that everything just gets cheaper. The utility of dollars when compared to this ledger is laughable, so dollars may go down in value when compared to the ability to post to the ledger.

One post to the ledger is worth one post to the ledger, and always will be worth one post to the ledger.

To fully understand how the world will work if this network takes over you simply need to price everything compared to the one thing that matters....... the ability to post to the ledger. Without the ability to post to the ledger you are cut off from trade, and to be cut off from trade hurts.

This value doesn't change, only the peoples perception changes. What people will trade for access to the ledger will be more and more but this is not the value of one post to the ledger going up, this is the value of other things dropping. Cooperation makes all things cheaper and this ledger is the most massive cooperation ever imagined. A new age of cooperation is about to begin.

One post to the ledger will always be worth one post to the ledger, and in a world where everything is valued as "posts to the ledger" this value can't change. The smallest expense possible is one satoshi and this one satoshi can represent anything, and that power is just as valuable now as it will be in 1,000 years. The only difference is that in 1,000 years people will be willing to trade a lot more for that ability because everything we consume will get orders of magnitude cheaper when compared to "a post to the ledger".

Sure it's a mind game, but a fun one to think through. Maybe a post to the ledger is the new measuring stick to value the rest of the world in. Once you make that leap you see that the price of a satoshi never changes.
submitted by Jdamb to bitcoincashSV [link] [comments]

Celare: A Blockchain Technology with Privacy and Cross-chain.

Celare: A Blockchain Technology with Privacy and Cross-chain.

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Blockchain is a potentially transformative technology, but its mainstream adoption remains relatively limited compared to other technology trends. The blockchain community is acutely aware that several challenges need to be solved to streamline the adoption of blockchain technologies. Among those challenges, none two are more important than privacy and scalability.
However, current solutions are hampered by issues such as lack of regulatory oversight, innovative software with unproven security, poor governance that stifles scalability, and a lack of long-term planning for protocols.
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But Celare aims to change this. The Celare project is a next-generation blockchain, creating a new decentralized economy, and democratizing finance in emerging markets.

Evolution of blockchain technology
Bitcoin disrupted the traditional trusted third party structure in finance, challenging the need for trusted institutions like banks. Instead, it introduced decentralized transfers by distributing the process of validating transactions across the network’s participants. Furthermore, it ignored regulation and institutional control over monetary policy while embracing anonymity.
Recent cryptocurrencies like Zcash and Monero have adopted this mantle, while conversely, Ripple and R3 CEV have focused on the needs of regulators.
If Blockchain is to transform regulated industries such as finance, tools for regulatory integration must be created. At the same time, individual rights to privacy in financial transactions must still be protected, as Bitcoin allows.
Celare solves this seeming contradiction through its innovative multi-layer architecture and has finally developed a cross-chain solution to the security and privacy of chain assets — Celare.

Celare Privacy Solution
Compared with the existing Blockchain privacy protection technology, Celare not only realizes the privacy protection of account information and transaction but also achieves the privacy protection of Turing’s complete smart contract input and output.
The cryptographic algorithm used by Celare is the discrete logarithmic encryption and elliptic curve encryption, which are commonly used in modern public-key cryptosystems.
Besides, Celare uses a non-interactive zk-SNARKs zero-knowledge proof system to completely address the issue of transactions being traced to expose user privacy.
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zk-SNARKs is an encryption method based on purely mathematical theory. It is the same as the nature of Blockchain. The advantage of this method is that it does not need to rely on the external operating environment to be self-contained, so it has a wide range of application scenarios.
It is worth noting that Celare chose a BLS12–381 curve with a higher safety level when specifically selecting the zk-SNARK zero-knowledge proof curve.
According to the description in https://electriccoin.co/blog/new-snark-curve/, the BN128 curve is conservatively estimated, and the safety factor that can be achieved is only 110-bit, which is not the 128-bit security previously mentioned. To achieve 128-bit security, q≈2384 is required, and the order r-value of the corresponding BN curve will be increased to 2384. The increase of r value will affect the performance of multi-exponentiation, FFT, etc., thus changing the execution efficiency of zk- SNARKs, and secure multiparty computing also affects the unnecessary increase of key files.
The BLS12–381 curve is a more cost-effective solution.
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Celare cross-chain smart contracts
Celare’s asset cross-chain logic is that the user locks the asset in the original chain and then issues the mapped asset on the target chain. At the same time, the user can apply for cash withdrawal in the target chain and finally unlock the original chain.
You can understand that assets do not disappear in the original chain, but instead are kept by decentralized node protocols, or managed by a single individual or multi-person. The asset cross-chain mapping here uses the node relay mode. The node relay mode is an efficient and secure decentralized cross-chain mapping solution.
The security of the cross-chain mapping is guaranteed by the original chain consensus algorithm and is the highest level of security. If the original chain cannot integrate the nodes of the target chain, then the original chain assets can only be managed by an individual or multiple signed address. If so, the target chain is hosted by the node protocol on the original chain.
Celare supports high-level languages based on Web Assembly (WASM) compatibility, from C, C++ to Rust, which further enhances system performance. In contrast, EVM compatibility is provided in Celare systems (described in subsequent stacks) ), then all cross-chain assets also have EVM contract functionality. This has dramatically increased the scalability and expressiveness of Celare.
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Celare’s extensible scenarios
Developers can build a complete financial stack, designing ingenious applications to stimulate a new decentralized economy.
Smart contracts are one of the essential technical foundations of value Internet networks. Still, the current frustrating situation is that the Blockchain systems currently running around the world do not support encryption protection for smart contracts, and the existing privacy protection mechanisms are used significantly reduced by the influence of this technical limitation.
However, the emergence of Celare has broken this restriction, not only with privacy and cross-chain capabilities but also supports smart contract development on the chain.
Starting with the Celare system, the issuance, and control of anonymous assets will no longer be exclusive to a few geeks who have in-depth knowledge of cryptography. Ordinary developers can issue their assets on the Celare chain as long as they have relevant business needs. Anonymous assets, establish their privacy ecology, which significantly expands the scope of application of Blockchain privacy protection technologies.
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The Celare Project is a truly collaborative effort at an exciting stage of its development. With the future launch of the settlement layer, the world will be able to participate in the Celare platform.
Celare will create a new world of decentralized applications that protect privacy while allowing for cross-chain — built on a world-class, stable, and secure platform.
As the Foundation, we are excited to work with governments, enterprises, and individuals to share how this technology can be used.
Contact Us:
Twitter: @CelareCommunity
Telegram:t.me/celarecommunity_en
Reddit:u/Celarecommunity
GitHub:Celaregithub
submitted by Celarecommunity to u/Celarecommunity [link] [comments]

How Monero, ZCash, and Celare Will Enable True Privacy

How Monero, ZCash, and Celare Will Enable True Privacy

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When cryptocurrencies were first introduced, their unique anonymity and privacy features attract plenty of people. Even Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of bitcoin, is shrouded in mystery as no one knows the true identity of the person or group. However, privacy issues for cryptocurrency users have continued to worsen.
In many ways, bitcoin transactions are not anonymous as the open ledger offers perhaps the most transparent payment history of any financial system to date. While there are no official names directly attached to crypto wallets, there are still many steps users must take to ensure their privacy.
In response, a different class of cryptocurrencies was introduced: privacy coins. Let’s dig a little deeper into what makes a “privacy coin,” how they’re different from bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, and learn a bit about the significant privacy coins on the market today.
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What is a Privacy Coin?
A “privacy coin” is a type of cryptocurrency that ensures the privacy and anonymity of its users. In the simplest terms, privacy coins rely on the same blockchain technology as cryptocurrencies like bitcoin, but go a step beyond in how they handle information about transactions and obfuscate some info.
For example, bitcoin transactions are all recorded on an open public ledger showing that X address sent Y address with the amount of BTC. While there are no names attached to wallet addresses, it’s not incredibly challenging to link addresses with people by the powers that be, especially when it comes to liquidating holdings with a licensed exchange.
Privacy coins conceal information about senders and receivers during transactions through a variety of methods. The vital part of knowing is that, unlike bitcoin transactions, privacy coins hide information about wallet activity or at least offer the feature to users.
Government Response to privacy coin
Given the nature of privacy-driven cryptocurrencies, it is not surprising that they have gained the attention of many government agencies. More than 80% of the 66 world’s central Banks are already studying digital currencies, according to the Bank for International Settlements(BIS) survey.
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The federal reserve is also conducting research and experiments on technologies related to electronic payments and digital currencies and has begun studying the feasibility of digital currency issuance.
Brainard said, “Current research issues include the following aspects: the fed digital currency will make the payment system becomes more simple and safe, the digital currency will affect the financial stability, how to solve the problem of privacy and fraud, etc.
According to recent domestic reports, the central bank digital currency (DCEP) is also internally testing application scenarios in areas such as payments. The central bank is leading the digital currency, and Banks are testing it internally on landing scenarios, among others. Some are already using it among their employees to pay party dues and other payment scenarios.
Based on the active research on blockchain technology and digital currency by various governments, it is reasonable to believe that compared with the existing digital currency system, anonymous currency with a higher level of privacy protection will also have more development space.
Now let’s look at some of the biggest names in the space and how they make privacy happen.

The Big Three Privacy Coin
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Monero(XMR)

Perhaps one of the most well-known privacy coins, Monero, actually started as a fork from Bytecoin in 2014. With Monero, the addresses of both the sender and receiver are kept private on the ledger, meaning there’s also no way to see the value of a user’s wallet. The Monero network protects user privacy by utilizing stealth addresses (a one-time address created by the sender for each transaction), ring signatures (a method that uses multiple signatures as decoys to obfuscate address of the sender), and Ring Confidential Transactions, also known as “RingCT” (an improved version of ring signatures that hides the amount of XMR used in a transaction).
Monero further increases the privacy of transactions via a unique splitting mechanism. Each full transaction is divided into different amounts and sent as a subset of separate, smaller transactions adding up to the initial value. For example, if you wanted to send 1,000 XMR, this amount would get split into a variety of separate amounts, say 200 XMR +150 XMR + 325 XMR + 275 XMR + 50 XMR, each of which getting its one-time address.
Next, with the help of the ring signature, each separate transaction gets combined with a variety of decoy transactions, thereby rendering the transaction nearly impossible to trace.
Furthermore, Monero also features spend keys and view keys. The alphanumeric spend key allows an authorized user to conduct transactions on behalf of the account, while the view key enables users to look at a specific account’s holdings. It comes in handy when reporting holdings for tax purposes, or auditing a company’s financial reserves.
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Zcash(ZEC)

Zcash was created as an alternative to Bitcoin and claims to boast enhanced privacy and security. Unlike Monero, private transactions are not required when using Zcash. Instead, users have the option to use the enhanced privacy feature to obfuscate transaction details and use either a transparent wallet address or a “shielded address” to keep transactions private. To accomplish this, Zcash utilizes zk-SNARK, short for “Zero-Knowledge Succinct Non-Interactive Argument of Knowledge” and the zero-knowledge security layer (ZSL).
These two security mechanisms permit existing blockchain applications to support semi-transparent transactions, effectively allowing users to display a small sub-set of data about any transaction. This is used in everyday applications to verify that payments were executed at specific times. However, it masks critical user information in the process, including the sum of the transaction as well as the personal information of both transacting parties.
Zcash has also entered into partnerships with several leading financial institutions and blockchain companies, including JP Morgan, Parity, and StarkWare.
https://preview.redd.it/u08xbcmbk4u41.jpg?width=4840&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=0242b480141b59fad2557f27a79e4b10027392c0

Celare

Unlike Monero, Dash is not driven solely by privacy, but by providing users with privacy protection for transactions and cross-chain solutions. Since most anonymous coins are private but not widely applicable and cannot be cross-chain exchanged, the Celare Co-Founders’ Committee has been researching cross-chain technology since 2018 and has finally developed a cross-chain solution to the security and privacy of chain assets — Celare.
Celare achieves zero-knowledge proof by selecting the BLS12–381 curve, and indeed implements a Blockchain system with privacy protection for Turing-complete smart contracts.
In principle, the advantage of it is that it can share the security and cross-chain operation of Polkadot, and independently develop its in-chain system. Therefore, Celare’s design will be compatible with Polkadot, and it also has its unique algorithms and functions.
https://preview.redd.it/bt8gbpnek4u41.png?width=2300&format=png&auto=webp&s=dddc4c4384d5fcf39f5d755e30e902410b82aa0a
Celare supports Turing’s comprehensive smart contracts, cross-chain asset transactions, and various related privacy protections to support the expansion of different economic ecosystems.
Starting with the Celare system, the issuance, and control of anonymous assets will no longer be exclusive to a few geeks who have in-depth knowledge of cryptography. Ordinary developers can issue their assets on the Celare chain as long as they have relevant business needs. Anonymous assets, establish their privacy ecology, which significantly expands the scope of application of Blockchain privacy protection technologies.
Compared with the existing Blockchain privacy protection technology, Celare is a rising star in anonymous currency with inestimable development potential. It can not only achieve a collaborative and efficient cross-chain function but also guarantee the security and privacy of cross-chain assets.
Although Monero and Zcash have been implemented earlier, there are still many limitations in practical application.
Celare not only has the same privacy and anonymity technology as Monero but also incorporates the zero-knowledge proof and other technical and theoretical support adopted by Zcash. On this basis, Celare innovatively adds a powerful cross-chain function.
In the future, there will be more stack extension applications in Celare ecology, such as anonymous wallets, anonymous asset exchange, anonymous chat tools with OTC function, which are likely to surpass the former two.
Since the development of Blockchain technology, there are many imperfections. However, it can be seen that all individual teams and communities that have faith in the Blockchain are actively promoting the healthy development of Blockchain ecology.
We have also noticed that the update and iteration speed of the blockchain era is much faster than we imagined. We hope that anonymous currency will have more broad development prospects in the future.
Contact Us:
Twitter: @CelareCommunity
Telegram:t.me/celarecommunity_en
Reddit:u/Celarecommunity
GitHub:Celaregithub
submitted by Celarecommunity to u/Celarecommunity [link] [comments]

⟳ 870 apps added, 78 updated at f-droid.org

Notice: this update is spurious, and the issue is being looked at.
⟳ f-droid.org from Wed, 26 Feb 2020 20:21:50 GMT updated on Sun, 01 Mar 2020 05:23:29 GMT contains 2962 apps.
Added (870)
Updated (78)
2020-03-01T05:53:18Z
submitted by BrainstormBot to FDroidUpdates [link] [comments]

Introduction to Cryptocurrency: BTC, the King of All Tokens

Introduction to Cryptocurrency: BTC, the King of All Tokens
Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto!
https://preview.redd.it/d6qqcqnqpsn41.png?width=1638&format=png&auto=webp&s=3e1873bd9f22e159fe5675e1e7314a75eaf61ad4
If you are not in the cryptocurrency field, “BTC” may be a stranger to you, but not the Bitcoin. BTC is the abbreviation for Bitcoin. In addition, it has another name: XBT.
Speaking of BTC, we have to mention one name, Satoshi Nakamoto, father of BTC. His story started from 2008 when a financial crisis broke out across the world, which laid a foundation for the birth of BTC.
On November 1 that year, a person claiming to be Satoshi Nakamoto published the BTC White Paper titled “BTC: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” on a P2P foundation website, marking the birth of BTC. Two months later, on January 3, 2009, the BTC genesis block was created. BTC got rid of the constraints of third-party institutions by distributed ledgers, which Nakamoto called the “blockchain.” If users are prepared to dedicate their CPU hashrate to run a special software, they can become a “miner”. While mining new BTC, the miners also set up a network to maintain the blockchain together.
At the time, BTC was considered as a virtual commodity, not a currency, by some countries, banks and government agencies. It wasn’t until one day a man bought two pizzas for the 10,000 BTC he had mined that BTC had its value (What a losing business).
After that, there are ups and downs of the BTC market, but the identity of Nakamoto, has always remained a mystery. Some say he’s from the National Security Agency, and some say he’s a financial expert. But still, he is nowhere to find, and nobody knows anything about him.
The wonderful part of BTC lies in the fact that it is something anyone can mine! But if you think you can mine as many BTC as you want, think twice. To avoid inflation, the upper limit for the number of BTC was set at 21 million. Without relying on the central authority, BTC is issued by the blockchain. Assets and transactions are secured by the digital encryption algorithms and the entire network to resist 51% hashrate attacks. Transaction records are collected and maintained by all computers on the network, and the validity of each transaction must be confirmed by blockchain inspection.
People say, having been widely recognized and used, the BTC technology presents all mankind with an era of blockchain. As the king of cryptocurrency, what makes BTC so special?
1. Decentralization
BTC is the first distributed cryptocurrency. The entire network consists of users and there is no central bank. Decentralization guarantees the security and freedom of BTC.
2.Worldwide circulation
BTC can be managed on any computer connected to the Internet. No matter where you are, you can mine, buy, sell or receive it. That is exactly what makes it a magnet for a lot of miners and users.
3. Exclusive ownership
Controlling your BTC requires your private key, which can be isolated and stored on any storage medium, and no one can get it except yourself. That experience makes you feel so special and secured.
4.Low transaction fees and no hidden costs
The BTC network will charge a certain fee for each transaction to ensure faster transaction execution. In addition, as an A-to-B payment method, BTC does not have tedious procedures or limits, and users only need to provide a BTC address to make payment. How convenient!
5. Cross-platform mining
Bitcoin is definitely a passion for geeks! Miners can discover the hashrate of different hardware on many platforms. BTC mining can be both profitable and fun.
Today the circulating market value of BTC has reached 1.32 trillion, and the reward is halved about every 4 years. In May 2020 we will usher in the third halving of Bitcoin, with a block height of 630,000, and the reward will be directly reduced from 12.5 BTC to 6.25 BTC. By 2140, there will be no more new Bitcoin generated in the world, and the number of Bitcoin in circulation will not exceed 21 million.
If you want to enter the cryptocurrency field, you might as well start by buying BTC. It may present a new door to wealth in front of you, and the key to this door lies in CoinEx. Come on, learn more and trade! https://www.coinex.com/
submitted by CoinExcom to Coinex [link] [comments]

Celare|The world’s first cross-chain and anonymous solutions for all assets

Celare|The world’s first cross-chain and anonymous solutions for all assets

Celare, anonymize people’s digital assets
From the internet era to the birth of blockchain, it means that all data information, including assets, has realized the phased leap from the entire network sharing to anonymous communication.
Bitcoin was once considered as a secure cryptocurrency. However, the mainstream cryptocurrencies on the market always have the risk of privacy leakage, including bitcoin. That is to say, and bitcoin is not private.
But based on the greatness and geeks of human intelligence, blockchain networks with complete anonymity have been developed, such as Zcash, Dash, and XMR.
So is this the end of the story? Of course not.
https://preview.redd.it/79vgf5bsggn41.jpg?width=1580&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=395e2f68e266dae435b0d348d1df94762386a4cb
People are surprised to find that these anonymous digital assets can genuinely realize the privacy protection of identity and transaction. And they want to share with more relatives and friends around so that this great discovery can be extended to the entire blockchain application. They faced multiple barriers across the asset chain.
If you need a Blockchain system with a privacy protection mechanism and smart contracts at the same time, the traditional blockchain solution is to make significant changes to the underlying protocol, which inevitably consumes more computing resources, thus affecting the efficiency of the chain.
The privacy protection of data information and assets is like the layer of wall tiles built between you and me, which breaks up the whole blockchain world and turns the global village back into the city-state tribe of the primitive society.
Celare, who proposes the world’s first full-asset cross-chain and anonymous solution, which not only realizes the value transfer between different blockchain networks but also guarantees the privacy security of users.

I. What is Celare?
Before introducing Celare, it’s necessary to share Polkadot — —
Polkadot is an exploration of cross-chain technology presented by the co-founder of Ethereum and funder of Parity Technologies, Gavin Wood, on November 14, 2016.
Polkadot is a decentralized and scalable heterogeneous multi-chain framework that supports cross-chain communication between different chains, not only for asset exchange and transfer but also for data cross-chain discussion. The Polkadot network has three primary functions that address interoperability, scalability, and shared security issues in the Blockchain.
Polkadot is similar to Vodafone, an infrastructure service provider that provides communication bandwidth services between networks. Developers can develop applications based on this infrastructure.
Celare, a parallel chain of privacy smart contracts in the Polkadot ecosystem, is developed based on Substrate. By selecting the BLS12–381 curve to achieve zero-knowledge proof, Celare indeed implements the blockchain system with the privacy protection of Turing-complete smart contracts.
https://preview.redd.it/2kcvnx9xggn41.png?width=2814&format=png&auto=webp&s=258d53a5787c93b618ab3d53295cc44a76535102
For example, it is like setting up a public tent in the middle of two mutually disjoint parallel roads. People who are tired of walking can enter the tent for a rest. For fear of the security of the money, each person who enters the tent is assigned another invisibility cloak.
The public tent is the Polkadot, and Celare is the organizer and guardian of the ecology. It increases the diversity of “road,” bridges the connectivity between different projects, and ensures the privacy of the project and assets safety, better to create ecological consensus.
Compared with the existing Blockchain privacy protection technology, Celare not only realizes the privacy protection of account information and transaction but also recognizes the cross-chain ecosystem.
https://preview.redd.it/i43nf7qzggn41.png?width=1606&format=png&auto=webp&s=4266de4c99e5df48a3782e4425182b039c7b39ab
II. Celare’s Economic Model
Celare is the basic unit of circulation within the Celare ecosystem. It also represents users and participants in the system and is the only commercial and financial delivery medium within the system. At the beginning of the release, it is compatible with ERC20 and will be switched after the Celare network launch officially.
Celare has a constant total of 200 million tokens, 50% of which obtains through Entangled Lockdrop; 40% for the incentive distribution of PoS Staking mechanism; 5% is the essential funding for the community development team and unlock flexibility during four years; The remaining 3% is the reward the community contributors and co-builders. For the early service promotion, 2% will be reserved as an incentive, which will be rewarded by the community decision making, to realize the shared benefits of the ecosystem.
Celare Co-founders’ committee convinces that any project cannot be separated from ecological contributors. Everyone in the community enjoys a high degree of freedom, full value realization, and happiness. This is the goal that the Celare Co-Founders’ Committee will fight for.
https://preview.redd.it/n50fncv2hgn41.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=5c565df7cb159e2f2cfc7f61a8b822efb951665b
III. The Roadmap
Preparing
  • 2019.03 The Celare Co-Founders’ Committee was established and conduct a project feasibility report on the Polkadot parachain.
  • 2019.05 Determine the project framework and carry out the underlying technology research.
  • 2019.06 Finish the underlying logical and technical framework designing.
  • 2019.08 Confirm the project concepts.
Whitepaper released.
  • 2019.Q4 Beta Network in Version 1 release;
Celare will recite the global community as a standalone chain
Before Polkadot Launching
  • 2020.Q1 Start Entangled Lockdrop
After Polkadot Launching
  • 2020.Q2 Launch the Beta network in Version 1
Build the transfer bridges with the main-stream chains
* Support for general transaction * Support for smart contract * Full asset anonymity
  • 2020.Q3 Celare will add a new transfer bridge chain as a parallel chain of Polkadot to connect Polkadot assets.
  • 2020.Q4 Celare will evolve into a multi-chain architecture and operate as the second-layer relay network of Polkadot.
  • 2021.Q1 Celare will continue to support the community in developing various DApps. * Code open source, support smart contracts to issue anonymous assets * Publish client wallet * Multi-party secure computing and privacy protection mechanisms for data under the chain. *Anonymous Asset Exchange *Anonymous chat tool with OTC
https://preview.redd.it/2vu3bmsihgn41.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ac8218ee722163455b5f8092558bd432567049b1
IV. Celare’s Future Prospects
When you look back at the development of the Blockchain for ten years, you will find that dreams, especially technical dreams, if realized, will be a good thing for the benefit of humanity. So there will be so many professional geeks going forward bravely to liberating all humans. And Celare’s technical vision is simple: security, privacy, and cross-chain.
How to achieve that? Celare ecologically has designed the following ways:
1# All Assets Anonymity
In Celare, the data in the ordinary transaction is encrypted, and the non-transaction parties cannot know the details such as source, destination, asset type, and amount. Regardless of the assets, Celare can fully guarantee the privacy and anonymity of assets, and truly realize the anonymity of all assets.
2# Anonymous asset exchange
Different from the centralized exchanges with KYC, Celare is a veritable anonymous asset exchange through Polkadot relay cross-chain technology, which fully protects user privacy and asset anonymity.
3# Anonymous chat tool with OTC
It is a secure, anonymous channel that breaks the Internet blockade and does not require a VPN, to protect user privacy and security for the entire Celare ecosystem.
The so-called anonymity is not only the authentication without personal identity information, but also the hidden high-anonymity Celare of the communication channel uses distributed nodes to support the entire network operation.
Not only that, in the process of using covert chat, but no third party stores the message content, and the chat content will also be stored in the local file. The master node is only responsible for providing network transmission and content delivery.
Based on anonymous peer-to-peer chat, Celare users and groups in the community can independently launch OTC (over-the-counter transaction). And the transaction information and chat content are entirely secret, without worrying about being supervised or eavesdropped, to protect user privacy and security for the entire Celare ecosystem.
https://preview.redd.it/h4un51omhgn41.png?width=2416&format=png&auto=webp&s=b2a0b62a5d309f605c2a724f0e5447397997c3ab
4# Stack extension
Celare will be evolved and absorbed in the Celare development process, to realize plenty of the stack ecology applications, such as Parity Substrate, Wasm, DAO, Treasury.
Celare will bring together all parachain developers and community to witness the first big fusion in the history of Blockchain.
The blockchain is no longer an isolated island, no longer competing for users, and Celare will lead the world’s developers to witness the arrival of the cross-chain era.
Contact Us:
Twitter: @CelareCommunity
Telegram: Celare Community
submitted by Celarecommunity to u/Celarecommunity [link] [comments]

If you hodl or trade, you`re the biggest problem with the world of cryptocurrencies.

There`s 3 components to a market economy: Spending, Savings & Investments. We only have 2 and those are way off balance.
Spending: Payments. Drives Inclusion & Adoption. Represents the primary bridge to real world assets.
Saving: Store of Value, Essential driver for stability. The ideea that your holdings are safe over time and don`t depreciate.
Investments: Trading, drives value of the economy, corrects inflation.
State of the nation:
IF there`s any chance at adoption, don`t just HODL. Don`t just DayTrade. Spend what you have. Money needs to move.
The moment you start spending a portion of cryptocurrencies, that money moves. The entire supply chain benefits. Miners Mine, Exchangers Exchange, Businesses get paid, Taxes get taxed. The underlying value of your holdings grows as you tell more people how you paid your AliBaba supplier in Bitcoin and didn`t have any trouble with your EU based bank making a fuss over "why you`re sending money to Asia".
If the only thing you do with Crypto is to buy it, hold it or trade it, it has no impact on real life. It`s not inviting more people to use it. Demand doesn`t grow. the value chain remains closed and non-inclusive. And it`s against the basic principles of Blockchain. You, the person who only has 10 USD in Dogecoin or the Hodler who has 8 bitcoins since Satoshi was in diapers, you`re responsible for the value of your assets and growth of your community. If you don`t SPEND it, people around you have NO reason to adopt. And if they do adopt, they do it for the wrong reasons and simply add to the volatility.
Introduction:
I`ve been in this space since 2009, reading all I could get my hands on. Coming from a poorly banked background and still having frustrations due to the inability of making online purchases at the time, just coming out of a recession, Bitcoin`s vision struck a nerve with me. I`ve been an avid believer in blockchain ever since and at no point did I buy crypto to store value, hedge my bets, invest, digital gold or any of this. I went in because it was, and still is: the easiest way to send money across the world. Ethereum`s smart contracts bring this simple function to a new level, introducing conditions to be met for the transfer itself. Simple, open, transparent, inclusive. Period.
What we`ve become, as a community:
As a whole, this community went from a group of passionate people who wanted an alternative to banks, government and politics, people who wanted to deal directly with other people, to something weird I can`t describe as a whole, but more as personas. Here`s what I`m seeing:
  1. The "I wanna buy Pizza with Bitcoin" crowd. I`m one of them. We just wanted a simple alternative, we were okay with volatility because we always knew the more people use it, more stable it gets as an alternative currency. Conspiracy theorists, tech geeks, scientists, curious people fascinated by the endless possibilities of a global, open banking system, built by the people, for the people. Joined from the first 3-4 years of Bitcoin, many still join it.
  2. The Hodlers: Also coined as the true "Believers". They`re responsible for the initial traction, and would rather liquidate their house than to "sell off" their Bitcoins. They see Bitcoin and other currencies as a "store of value" and see not much difference between buying/storing Gold and Crypto. Joined after the first group and peacefully co-existed with everybody so far. Most dedicated miners came from this group/generation of adopters.
  3. The Traders: People coming from the finance world. They either did Hedgefunds, Forex, VC. Smart opportunists that saw the first 2 groups, saw the potential value of the system as something to be gained from (nothing wrong with this) and heavily capitalize on it. These were the first guys to look at crypto as financial instruments and started fighting the compliance game. This is also where market manipulation started.
  4. The "Tokenize the world" generation. Driven by technology on one side, by the ICO madness on the other side, this opportunistic group wanted to create a token (and respective ICOs) for everything they could think of. Huge similarities between how everything needed a website in the 2000`s, everything needed an app in 2010, everything needed a coin/token started around 2016. Dogecoin is the perfect example of a joke that got way out of proportion, while the original ideea was to make fun of this particular group. Oh well, this group still garners a lot of traction/interest. This group is why we have 3000 shitcoins and who knows how many that never saw the light of day.
  5. The Consultants, Gurus, Ninjas. The "know it all`s". They`re all about the TREND, not about the substance. In the 90`s we had the "internet consultants" who were selling strategies for people to get online. Later the same people were selling strategies to get website traffic. Later, it was about the apps or about the cloud. Right now, it`s about blockchain, token economics, go to market, liquidity, or investing. Some are super smart, most are useless. The only thing that really bothers me is that consultants take no ownership in the success or failure of what they`re selling. As long as you cover their fees, they don`t care if their advice works or not and usually blame you for failing. These are the "market makers" of today, the youtube/facebook/twitteinstagram investment gurus who look at charts for 4 hours and make predictions without really having any skin in the game. Here`s what I never got my head around, if you know how to make a market for a coin, or really know how to invest in crypto.... WHY would you charge me 20k when you can make millions for yourself in less time than that? I guess it holds true: those that can, DO, those that can`t, Teach.
This brings us to the state of the market today.
Proposed solution:
Don`t wait for your government to regulate, don`t wait for banks or institutional investors to kick in, don`t wait for the media frenzy. Just do your part: spend, save and invest your crypto just as you would your USD/Euro/Yen/etc. If you`re a freelancer, accept crypto payments. if you run a business, accept crypto payments. If you have crypto, make crypto payments. This is the main reason we have crypto today and it`s exactly what we don`t use it for. Go back to basics and let`s see how influenced by "market volatility" or "market manipulation" or "media bias" the price will get.
Disclosure: Yes, trying to solve the adoption issue has led me to build a platform for e-commerce that also solves crypto-to-fiat payments for more than 2000 tokens. We walk the walk, not talk the talk.
I`d love to hear if you guys agree or disagree, and most importantly, Why?
C:\>
P.S. I love you
submitted by chrisorasanusdk to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Nuv mining | Can You Creat a Ton Of Money Via Bitcoin Mining?

Consumers, investors, fanatics or even technology smart geeks may be wonderful Bitcoin enthusiasts. They can even follow all Bitcoin information as well as have a solitary inquiry in mind. People might simply want to figure out, whether an optimistic future can be taken of mining different cryptocurrencies. Well, it's not a trick or stunning paid announcement. Mining of cryptocurrencies can be a smart step, aside from being a financially rewarding one. And also the appeal of Bitcoin market can not be denied as well. The Bitcoin boom of 2013 and its huge rise in value brought about its reputation. The roller-coaster ride of Bitcoin as well as the other cryptocurrencies, called as Altcoins, discovered a location of reputation in each dictionary of the world. Digital currencies have actually earned adequate direct exposure, and a mining occupation including them can really supply earnings. The miners nevertheless, have to have three points - adequate time, adequate money and an unequaled perseverance.
nuv mining
The initial hurdle involves the option of a cryptocurrency. A fanatic can go on to mine Bitcoin. Or instead pick to extract other readily available cryptocurrencies, Dogecoin, Litecoin or Peercoin. In other words, miners have a lot of options. Comparable to stock, even cryptocurrencies have classifications, blue chip or dime. Mining the blue chip category is commonly associated with security, integrity and a greater amount of profit. Financial on these attributes, individuals are much more inclined towards Bitcoin mining, even if it includes utilizing an enormous computer power. Altcoins, on the other hand, can also offer a fair gain as algorithms are less complex. However with Altcoins, simplicity of mining as well as the potential gains are not always proportional.
nuvmining
Hardware is an element that begins to disclose the real examination. Also a techno-savvy miner can not refute the Bitcoin problem linked to brand-new block generation. The point is to decide upon the computing power to be used. For Bitcoins, algorithms have come to be difficult to hash. Thus, GPUs of gigantic power combined with high-end RAMs and also reputable hard disk drives have to do all the task. The point is to hash at a quick price. Several high-end GPUs running together can speed up block generation and also consequently the payouts. On the various other hand, picking an item of software could not be as tricky. Windows can be selected as the required OS, yet open-source Linux does a far better job. One more demand is a digital wallet. Extracted money have to be kept. One can keep it locally on hard-drive or remotely online. A miner just has to select wisely.
With hardware and software in position, the task of mining begins. A miner may do it all alone, as well as collect all advantages. However the gear has to be tremendously effective. So it's fairly doubtful. Mining pools appear to be a sensible solution as people team up to contribute hash power and makers. Thus coins obtain extracted at a great speed. Collaborating has its advantages; miners get their reasonable share. Multipool is an economical choice. If Altcoin mining is to be embarked on, Middlecoin should be the miner's choice. So with all the active ingredients in place, a profitable mining gear can start. First investment may seem overwhelming, however the earnings are worthwhile!
submitted by Nuvmining to u/Nuvmining [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: btc top posts from 2019-01-06 to 2020-01-05 11:19 PDT

Period: 363.85 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 86748
Rate (per day) 2.75 237.19
Unique Redditors 317 7747
Combined Score 194633 356658

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 31014 points, 162 submissions: Egon_1
    1. Vitalik Buterin to Core Maxi: “ok bitcoiner” .... (515 points, 206 comments)
    2. These men are serving life without parole in max security prison for nonviolent drug offenses. They helped me through a difficult time in a very dark place. I hope 2019 was their last year locked away from their loved ones. FreeRoss.org/lifers/ Happy New Year. (502 points, 237 comments)
    3. "It’s official Burger King just accepted Bitcoin Cash and GoC token as a payment option in Slovenia." (423 points, 112 comments)
    4. "HOLY SATOSHI! 😱😱 I did it! A smart card that produces valid BitcoinCash signatures. Who would love to pay with a card—to a phone?? Tap took less than a second!👟..." (368 points, 105 comments)
    5. Chrome 'Has Become Surveillance Software. It's Time to Switch' -> Brave to support BCH! (330 points, 97 comments)
    6. Gavin Andresen (2017): "Running a network near 100% capacity is irresponsible engineering... " (316 points, 117 comments)
    7. "Evidently @github has banned all the Iranian users without an ability for them to download their repositories. A service like Github must be a public good and must not be controlled by a centralized entity. Another great example of why we as a society need to make web3 a reality" (314 points, 117 comments)
    8. Roger Ver: "Bitcoin Cash acceptance is coming to thousands of physical shops in Korea" (313 points, 120 comments)
    9. Paul Sztorc: “Will people really spend $70-$700 to open/modify a lightning channel when there's an Altcoin down the street which will process a (USD-denominated) payment for $0.05 ? Many people seem to think yes but honestly I just don't get it” (306 points, 225 comments)
    10. Food For Thought (303 points, 105 comments)
  2. 29021 points, 157 submissions: MemoryDealers
    1. Bitcoin Cash is Lightning Fast! (No editing needed) (436 points, 616 comments)
    2. Brains..... (423 points, 94 comments)
    3. Meanwhile in Hong Kong (409 points, 77 comments)
    4. Ross Ulbricht has served 6 years in federal prison. (382 points, 156 comments)
    5. Just another day at the Bitcoin Cash accepting super market in Slovenia. (369 points, 183 comments)
    6. Why I'm not a fan of the SV community: My recent bill for defending their frivolous lawsuit against open source software developers. (369 points, 207 comments)
    7. History Reminder: (354 points, 245 comments)
    8. It's more decentralized this way. (341 points, 177 comments)
    9. The new Bitcoin Cash wallet is so fast!!!!! (327 points, 197 comments)
    10. The IRS wants to subpoena Apple and Google to see if you have downloaded crypto currency apps. (324 points, 178 comments)
  3. 6909 points, 37 submissions: BitcoinXio
    1. Tim Pool on Twitter: “How the fuck are people justifying creating a world like the one's depicted in Fahrenheit 451 and 1984? You realize that censorship and banning information was a key aspect of the dystopian nightmare right?” (435 points, 75 comments)
    2. The creator of the now famous HODL meme says that the HODL term has been corrupted and doesn’t mean what he intended; also mentions that the purpose of Bitcoin is to spend it and that BTC has lost its value proposition. (394 points, 172 comments)
    3. Erik Voorhees on Twitter: “I wonder if you realize that if Bitcoin didn’t work well as a payment system in the early days it likely would not have taken off. Many (most?) people found the concept of instant borderless payments captivating and inspiring. “Just hold this stuff” not sufficient.” (302 points, 66 comments)
    4. Bitfinex caught paying a company to astroturf on social media including Reddit, Twitter, Medium and other platforms (285 points, 86 comments)
    5. WARNING: If you try to use the Lightning Network you are at extremely HIGH RISK of losing funds and is not recommended or safe to do at this time or for the foreseeable future (274 points, 168 comments)
    6. Craig Wright seems to have rage quit Twitter (252 points, 172 comments)
    7. No surprise here: Samson Mow among other BTC maxi trolls harassed people to the point of breakdown (with rape threats, etc) (249 points, 85 comments)
    8. On Twitter: “PSA: The Lightning Network is being heavily data mined right now. Opening channels allows anyone to cluster your wallet and associate your keys with your IP address.” (228 points, 102 comments)
    9. btc is being targeted and attacked, yet again (220 points, 172 comments)
    10. Brian Armstrong CEO of Coinbase using Bitcoin Cash (BCH) to pay for food, video in tweet (219 points, 66 comments)
  4. 6023 points, 34 submissions: money78
    1. BSV in a nutshell... (274 points, 60 comments)
    2. There is something going on with @Bitcoin twitter account: 1/ The URL of the white paper has been changed from bitcoin.com into bitcoin.org! 2/ @Bitcoin has unfollowed all other BCH related accounts. 3/ Most of the posts that refer to "bitcoin cash" have been deleted?!! Is it hacked again?! (269 points, 312 comments)
    3. "Not a huge @rogerkver fan and never really used $BCH. But he wiped up the floor with @ToneVays in Malta, and even if you happen to despise BCH, it’s foolish and shortsighted not to take these criticisms seriously. $BTC is very expensive and very slow." (262 points, 130 comments)
    4. Jonathan Toomim: "At 32 MB, we can handle something like 30% of Venezuela's population using BCH 2x per day. Even if that's all BCH ever achieved, I'd call that a resounding success; that's 9 million people raised out of poverty. Not a bad accomplishment for a hundred thousand internet geeks." (253 points, 170 comments)
    5. Jonathan Toomim: "BCH will not allow block sizes that are large enough to wreak havoc. We do our capacity engineering before lifting the capacity limits. BCH's limit is 32 MB, which the network can handle. BSV does not share this approach, and raises limits before improving actual capacity." (253 points, 255 comments)
    6. What Bitcoin Cash has accomplished so far 💪 (247 points, 55 comments)
    7. Which one is false advertising and misleading people?! Bitcoin.com or Bitcoin.org (232 points, 90 comments)
    8. A message from Lightning Labs: "Don't put more money on lightning than you're willing to lose!" (216 points, 118 comments)
    9. Silk Road’s Ross Ulbricht thanks Bitcoin Cash’s [BCH] Roger Ver for campaigning for his release (211 points, 29 comments)
    10. This account just donated more than $6600 worth of BCH via @tipprbot to multiple organizations! (205 points, 62 comments)
  5. 4514 points, 22 submissions: unstoppable-cash
    1. Reminder: bitcoin mods removed top post: "The rich don't need Bitcoin. The poor do" (436 points, 89 comments)
    2. Peter R. Rizun: "LN User walks into a bank, says "I need a loan..." (371 points, 152 comments)
    3. It was SO simple... Satoshi had the answer to prevent full-blocks back in 2010! (307 points, 150 comments)
    4. REMINDER: "Bitcoin isn't for people that live on less than $2/day" -Samson Mow, CSO of BlockStream (267 points, 98 comments)
    5. "F'g insane... waited 5 hrs and still not 1 confirmation. How does anyone use BTC over BCH BitcoinCash?" (258 points, 222 comments)
    6. Irony:"Ave person won't be running LN routing node" But CORE/BTC said big-blocks bad since everyone can't run their own node (256 points, 161 comments)
    7. BitPay: "The Wikimedia Foundation had been accepting Bitcoin for several years but recently switched pmt processors to BitPay so they can now accept Bitcoin Cash" (249 points, 61 comments)
    8. FreeTrader: "Decentralization is dependent on widespread usage..." (195 points, 57 comments)
    9. The FLIPPENING: Fiat->OPEN Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash! Naomi Brockwell earning more via BitBacker than Patreon! (193 points, 12 comments)
    10. LN Commentary from a guy that knows a thing or 2 about Bitcoin (Gavin Andresen-LEAD developer after Satoshi left in 2010) (182 points, 80 comments)
  6. 3075 points, 13 submissions: BeijingBitcoins
    1. Last night's BCH & BTC meetups in Tokyo were both at the same restaurant (Two Dogs). We joined forces for this group photo! (410 points, 166 comments)
    2. Chess.com used to accept Bitcoin payments but, like many other businesses, disabled the option. After some DMs with an admin there, I'm pleased to announce that they now accept Bitcoin Cash! (354 points, 62 comments)
    3. WSJ: Bitfinex Used Tether Reserves to Mask Missing $850 Million, Probe Finds (348 points, 191 comments)
    4. Bitcoiners: Then and Now [MEME CONTEST - details in comments] (323 points, 72 comments)
    5. I'd post this to /Bitcoin but they would just remove it right away (also I'm banned) (320 points, 124 comments)
    6. So this is happening at the big protest in Hong Kong right now (270 points, 45 comments)
    7. /Bitcoin mods are censoring posts that explain why BitPay has to charge an additional fee when accepting BTC payments (219 points, 110 comments)
    8. The guy who won this week's MillionaireMakers drawing has received ~$55 in BCH and ~$30 in BTC. It will cost him less than $0.01 to move the BCH, but $6.16 (20%) in fees to move the BTC. (164 points, 100 comments)
    9. The Bitcoin whitepaper was published 11 years ago today. Check out this comic version of the whitepaper, one of the best "ELI5" explanations out there. (153 points, 12 comments)
    10. Two Years™ is the new 18 Months™ (142 points, 113 comments)
  7. 2899 points, 18 submissions: jessquit
    1. Oh, the horror! (271 points, 99 comments)
    2. A few days ago I caught flak for reposting a set of graphs that didn't have their x-axes correctly labeled or scaled. tvand13 made an updated graph with correct labeling and scaling. I am reposting it as I promised. I invite the viewer to draw their own conclusions. (214 points, 195 comments)
    3. Do you think Bitcoin needs to increase the block size? You're in luck! It already did: Bitcoin BCH. Avoid the upcoming controversial BTC block size debate by trading your broken Bitcoin BTC for upgraded Bitcoin BCH now. (209 points, 194 comments)
    4. Master list of evidence regarding Bitcoin's hijacking and takeover by Blockstream (185 points, 113 comments)
    5. PSA: BTC not working so great? Bitcoin upgraded in 2017. The upgraded Bitcoin is called BCH. There's still time to upgrade! (185 points, 192 comments)
    6. Nobody uses Bitcoin Cash (182 points, 88 comments)
    7. Double-spend proofs, SPV fraud proofs, and Cashfusion improvements all on the same day! 🏅 BCH PLS! 🏅 (165 points, 36 comments)
    8. [repost] a reminder on how btc and Bitcoin Cash came to be (150 points, 102 comments)
    9. Holy shit the entire "negative with gold" sub has become a shrine devoted to the guilded astroturfing going on in rbtc (144 points, 194 comments)
    10. This sub is the only sub in all of Reddit that allows truly uncensored discussion of BTC. If it turns out that most of that uncensored discussion is negative, DON'T BLAME US. (143 points, 205 comments)
  8. 2839 points, 13 submissions: SwedishSalsa
    1. With Bitcoin, for the first time in modern history, we have a way to opt out. (356 points, 100 comments)
    2. In this age of rampant censorship and control, this is why I love Bitcoin. (347 points, 126 comments)
    3. The crypto expert (303 points, 29 comments)
    4. Satoshi reply to Mike Hearn, April 2009. Everybody, especially newcomers and r-bitcoin-readers should take a step back and read this. (284 points, 219 comments)
    5. Bitcoin Cash looking good lately. (235 points, 33 comments)
    6. Roger Ver bad (230 points, 61 comments)
    7. History of the BTC scaling debate (186 points, 54 comments)
    8. MFW i read Luke Jr wants to limit BTC blocks to 300k. (183 points, 116 comments)
    9. Meanwhile over at bitcoinsv... (163 points, 139 comments)
    10. Listen people... (155 points, 16 comments)
  9. 2204 points, 10 submissions: increaseblocks
    1. China bans Bitcoin again, and again, and again (426 points, 56 comments)
    2. China bans Bitcoin (again) (292 points, 35 comments)
    3. Bitcoin Cash Network has now been upgraded! (238 points, 67 comments)
    4. So you want small blocks with high fees to validate your own on chain transactions that happen OFF CHAIN? (212 points, 112 comments)
    5. It’s happening - BTC dev Luke jr writing code to Bitcoin BTC codebase to fork to lower the block size to 300kb! (204 points, 127 comments)
    6. Former BTC maximalist admits that maxi's lied cheated and stealed to get SegWit and Lightning (201 points, 135 comments)
    7. Just 18 more months to go! (172 points, 86 comments)
    8. Bitcoin Cash ring - F*CK BANKS (167 points, 51 comments)
    9. LTC Foundation chat leaked: no evidence of development, lack of transparency (155 points, 83 comments)
    10. A single person controls nearly half of all the Lightning Network’s capacity (137 points, 109 comments)
  10. 2138 points, 12 submissions: JonyRotten
    1. 'Craig Is a Liar' – Early Adopter Proves Ownership of Bitcoin Address Claimed by Craig Wright (309 points, 165 comments)
    2. 200,000 People Have Signed Ross Ulbricht's Clemency Petition (236 points, 102 comments)
    3. Street Artist Hides $1,000 in BTC Inside a Mural Depicting Paris Protests (236 points, 56 comments)
    4. Craig Wright Ordered to Produce a List of Early Bitcoin Addresses in Kleiman Lawsuit (189 points, 66 comments)
    5. Ross Ulbricht Clemency Petition Gathers 250,000 Signatures (163 points, 24 comments)
    6. Ross Ulbricht Letter Questions the Wisdom of Imprisoning Non-Violent Offenders (160 points, 50 comments)
    7. Expert Witness in Satoshi Case Claims Dr Wright's Documents Were Doctored (155 points, 44 comments)
    8. California City Official Uses Bitcoin Cash to Purchase Cannabis (151 points, 36 comments)
    9. Money Transmitter License Not Required for Crypto Businesses in Pennsylvania (141 points, 9 comments)
    10. McAfee to Launch Decentralized Token Exchange With No Restrictions (137 points, 35 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. jessquit (16708 points, 2083 comments)
  2. Ant-n (7878 points, 1517 comments)
  3. MemoryDealers (7366 points, 360 comments)
  4. Egon_1 (6205 points, 1001 comments)
  5. 500239 (5745 points, 735 comments)
  6. BitcoinXio (4640 points, 311 comments)
  7. LovelyDay (4353 points, 457 comments)
  8. chainxor (4293 points, 505 comments)
  9. MobTwo (3420 points, 174 comments)
  10. ShadowOfHarbringer (3388 points, 478 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. The perfect crypto t-shirt by Korben (742 points, 68 comments)
  2. The future of Libra Coin by themadscientistt (722 points, 87 comments)
  3. when you become a crypto trader... by forberniesnow (675 points, 54 comments)
  4. A Reminder Why You Shouldn’t Use Google. by InMyDayTVwasBooks (637 points, 209 comments)
  5. Imagine if in 2000 Apple just sat around all day shit-talking Microsoft. Apple would have never gone anywhere. Apple succeeded because they learned from their mistakes, improved, and got better. BCH should do the same. by guyfawkesfp (552 points, 255 comments)
  6. Bitcoin made The Simpsons intro! Sorry for the potato quality by Johans_wilgat (521 points, 44 comments)
  7. Vitalik Buterin to Core Maxi: “ok bitcoiner” .... by Egon_1 (515 points, 206 comments)
  8. Can't stop won't stop by Greentoboggan (514 points, 78 comments)
  9. These men are serving life without parole in max security prison for nonviolent drug offenses. They helped me through a difficult time in a very dark place. I hope 2019 was their last year locked away from their loved ones. FreeRoss.org/lifers/ Happy New Year. by Egon_1 (502 points, 237 comments)
  10. Blockchain? by unesgt (479 points, 103 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 211 points: fireduck's comment in John Mcafee on the run from IRS Tax Evasion charges, running 2020 Presidential Campaign from Venezuela in Exile
  2. 203 points: WalterRothbard's comment in I am a Bitcoin supporter and developer, and I'm starting to think that Bitcoin Cash could be better, but I have some concerns, is anyone willing to discuss them?
  3. 179 points: Chris_Pacia's comment in The BSV chain has just experienced a 6-block reorg
  4. 163 points: YourBodyIsBCHn's comment in I made this account specifically to tip in nsfw/gonewild subreddits
  5. 161 points: BeijingBitcoins's comment in Last night's BCH & BTC meetups in Tokyo were both at the same restaurant (Two Dogs). We joined forces for this group photo!
  6. 156 points: hawks5999's comment in You can’t make this stuff up. This is how BTC supporters actually think. From bitcoin: “What you can do to make BTC better: check twice if you really need to use it!” 🤦🏻‍♂️
  7. 155 points: lowstrife's comment in Steve Wozniak Sold His Bitcoin at Its Peak $20,000 Valuation
  8. 151 points: kdawgud's comment in The government is taking away basic freedoms we each deserve
  9. 147 points: m4ktub1st's comment in BCH suffered a 51% attack by colluding miners to re-org the chain in order to reverse transactions - why is nobody talking about this? Dangerous precident
  10. 147 points: todu's comment in Why I'm not a fan of the SV community: My recent bill for defending their frivolous lawsuit against open source software developers.
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Bitcoin: The most realistic Price and Time Forecast! #54 Cryptocurrency Community is Growing - DYOR - Exciting Times Are Ahead - XRP VET Get Bitcoin Price In Real Time Using Python Prepare To NEVER See This Bitcoin Price Level Again! Chainlink Breaking All Time Highs! + More Confirmed! PayPal Just Said YES to Cryptocurrency in 2020!  Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency News

But, the flow and amount of some currencies in the market are still controlled by their creators and some organizations. These holders can manipulate the coin for large swings in its price. Even hugely traded coins are susceptible to these manipulations like Bitcoin, whose value doubled several times in 2017. Draconi writes: The price of Bitcoin dropped from it's March 6th, 2020 high of $9,126 to under $5,800 today as market sell-offs accelerated with the S&P and Dow Jones dropping 7% in early hours trading. Bitcoin, long considered to be a safe-haven during times of economic stress, currently costs at least $4,313 in electricity per coin to generate. The aim of this guide to help you understand the logic behind Bitcoin Script. Since there will be too much to cover, the guide will be divided into two parts. -AMAZONPOLLY-ONLYWORDS-START- Bitcoin was created for one purpose alone…transactions. Bitcoin was able to show the world that a payment system can exist on a decentralized peer-to-peer system. Bitcoin’s wild ride continues, as major consumer bitcoin exchange halts trading amid Friday plunge by Tom Krazit on December 22, 2017 December 22, 2017 at 10:58 am Comment Charlie Shrem was one of the early advocates of bitcoins and successfully earned millions with skyrocketing value of the cryptocurrency. He was a senior at Brooklyn College in 2011, a computer geek interested in this revolutionary technology when he first bought 500 coins at $3 each. When the price went up to $20 he bought thousands more.

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Bitcoin: The most realistic Price and Time Forecast!

Let’s take a look at the multiple s-curves of adoption that is Bitcoin’s price history. Prepare to NEVER see this Bitcoin price level again! Chainlink is breaking all time highs! What does ... People are looking for ways to diversify. Stocks are down. 401K's are losing value. The community is growing at a fast pace in the cryptocurrency space. The key to any investment is to do your own ... Bitcoin BTC price update running through all time frames, from the monthly to the 4 hours charts. Recent crypto forecasts: LOCKDOWN REALITY CHECK: ... NEW Bitcoin Price Prediction ... Get the current price of bitcoin. Article: https://medium.com/@randerson112358/get-bitcoin-price-in-real-time-using-python-98b7393b6152?source=your_stories_... Some really interesting bitcoin data suggesting that Btc price is setting up really well for the next bull market. Institutional buyers are buying, btc holders are holding, and exchanges really do ...

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