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Beginner’s Guide to BitMEX

Beginner’s Guide to BitMEX

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Founded by HDR Global Trading Limited (which in turn was founded by former bankers Arthur Hayes, Samuel Reed and Ben Delo) in 2014, BitMEX is a trading platform operating around the world and registered in the Seychelles.
Meaning Bitcoin Mercantile Exchange, BitMEX is one of the largest Bitcoin trading platforms currently operating, with a daily trading volume of over 35,000 BTC and over 540,000 accesses monthly and a trading history of over $34 billion worth of Bitcoin since its inception.

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Unlike many other trading exchanges, BitMEX only accepts deposits through Bitcoin, which can then be used to purchase a variety of other cryptocurrencies. BitMEX specialises in sophisticated financial operations such as margin trading, which is trading with leverage. Like many of the exchanges that operate through cryptocurrencies, BitMEX is currently unregulated in any jurisdiction.
Visit BitMEX

How to Sign Up to BitMEX

In order to create an account on BitMEX, users first have to register with the website. Registration only requires an email address, the email address must be a genuine address as users will receive an email to confirm registration in order to verify the account. Once users are registered, there are no trading limits. Traders must be at least 18 years of age to sign up.
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However, it should be noted that BitMEX does not accept any US-based traders and will use IP checks to verify that users are not in the US. While some US users have bypassed this with the use of a VPN, it is not recommended that US individuals sign up to the BitMEX service, especially given the fact that alternative exchanges are available to service US customers that function within the US legal framework.
How to Use BitMEX
BitMEX allows users to trade cryptocurrencies against a number of fiat currencies, namely the US Dollar, the Japanese Yen and the Chinese Yuan. BitMEX allows users to trade a number of different cryptocurrencies, namely Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Dash, Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Litecoin, Monero, Ripple, Tezos and Zcash.
The trading platform on BitMEX is very intuitive and easy to use for those familiar with similar markets. However, it is not for the beginner. The interface does look a little dated when compared to newer exchanges like Binance and Kucoin’s.
Once users have signed up to the platform, they should click on Trade, and all the trading instruments will be displayed beneath.
Clicking on the particular instrument opens the orderbook, recent trades, and the order slip on the left. The order book shows three columns – the bid value for the underlying asset, the quantity of the order, and the total USD value of all orders, both short and long.
The widgets on the trading platform can be changed according to the user’s viewing preferences, allowing users to have full control on what is displayed. It also has a built in feature that provides for TradingView charting. This offers a wide range of charting tool and is considered to be an improvement on many of the offering available from many of its competitors.
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Once trades are made, all orders can be easily viewed in the trading platform interface. There are tabs where users can select their Active Orders, see the Stops that are in place, check the Orders Filled (total or partially) and the trade history. On the Active Orders and Stops tabs, traders can cancel any order, by clicking the “Cancel” button. Users also see all currently open positions, with an analysis if it is in the black or red.
BitMEX uses a method called auto-deleveraging which BitMEX uses to ensure that liquidated positions are able to be closed even in a volatile market. Auto-deleveraging means that if a position bankrupts without available liquidity, the positive side of the position deleverages, in order of profitability and leverage, the highest leveraged position first in queue. Traders are always shown where they sit in the auto-deleveraging queue, if such is needed.
Although the BitMEX platform is optimized for mobile, it only has an Android app (which is not official). There is no iOS app available at present. However, it is recommended that users use it on the desktop if possible.
BitMEX offers a variety of order types for users:
  • Limit Order (the order is fulfilled if the given price is achieved);
  • Market Order (the order is executed at current market price);
  • Stop Limit Order (like a stop order, but allows users to set the price of the Order once the Stop Price is triggered);
  • Stop Market Order (this is a stop order that does not enter the order book, remain unseen until the market reaches the trigger);
  • Trailing Stop Order (it is similar to a Stop Market order, but here users set a trailing value that is used to place the market order);
  • Take Profit Limit Order (this can be used, similarly to a Stop Order, to set a target price on a position. In this case, it is in respect of making gains, rather than cutting losses);
  • Take Profit Market Order (same as the previous type, but in this case, the order triggered will be a market order, and not a limit one)
The exchange offers margin trading in all of the cryptocurrencies displayed on the website. It also offers to trade with futures and derivatives – swaps.

Futures and Swaps

A futures contract is an agreement to buy or sell a given asset in the future at a predetermined price. On BitMEX, users can leverage up to 100x on certain contracts.
Perpetual swaps are similar to futures, except that there is no expiry date for them and no settlement. Additionally, they trade close to the underlying reference Index Price, unlike futures, which may diverge substantially from the Index Price.
BitMEX also offers Binary series contracts, which are prediction-based contracts which can only settle at either 0 or 100. In essence, the Binary series contracts are a more complicated way of making a bet on a given event.
The only Binary series betting instrument currently available is related to the next 1mb block on the Bitcoin blockchain. Binary series contracts are traded with no leverage, a 0% maker fee, a 0.25% taker fee and 0.25% settlement fee.

Bitmex Leverage

BitMEX allows its traders to leverage their position on the platform. Leverage is the ability to place orders that are bigger than the users’ existing balance. This could lead to a higher profit in comparison when placing an order with only the wallet balance. Trading in such conditions is called “Margin Trading.”
There are two types of Margin Trading: Isolated and Cross-Margin. The former allows the user to select the amount of money in their wallet that should be used to hold their position after an order is placed. However, the latter provides that all of the money in the users’ wallet can be used to hold their position, and therefore should be treated with extreme caution.
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The BitMEX platform allows users to set their leverage level by using the leverage slider. A maximum leverage of 1:100 is available (on Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash). This is quite a high level of leverage for cryptocurrencies, with the average offered by other exchanges rarely exceeding 1:20.

BitMEX Fees

For traditional futures trading, BitMEX has a straightforward fee schedule. As noted, in terms of leverage offered, BitMEX offers up to 100% leverage, with the amount off leverage varying from product to product.
However, it should be noted that trading at the highest leverages is sophisticated and is intended for professional investors that are familiar with speculative trading. The fees and leverage are as follows:
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However, there are additional fees for hidden / iceberg orders. A hidden order pays the taker fee until the entire hidden quantity is completely executed. Then, the order will become normal, and the user will receive the maker rebate for the non-hidden amount.

Deposits and Withdrawals

BitMEX does not charge fees on deposits or withdrawals. However, when withdrawing Bitcoin, the minimum Network fee is based on blockchain load. The only costs therefore are those of the banks or the cryptocurrency networks.
As noted previously, BitMEX only accepts deposits in Bitcoin and therefore Bitcoin serves as collateral on trading contracts, regardless of whether or not the trade involves Bitcoin.
The minimum deposit is 0.001 BTC. There are no limits on withdrawals, but withdrawals can also be in Bitcoin only. To make a withdrawal, all that users need to do is insert the amount to withdraw and the wallet address to complete the transfer.
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Deposits can be made 24/7 but withdrawals are processed by hand at a recurring time once per day. The hand processed withdrawals are intended to increase the security levels of users’ funds by providing extra time (and email notice) to cancel any fraudulent withdrawal requests, as well as bypassing the use of automated systems & hot wallets which may be more prone to compromise.

Supported Currencies

BitMEX operates as a crypto to crypto exchange and makes use of a Bitcoin-in/Bitcoin-out structure. Therefore, platform users are currently unable to use fiat currencies for any payments or transfers, however, a plus side of this is that there are no limits for trading and the exchange incorporates trading pairs linked to the US Dollar (XBT), Japanese Yen (XBJ), and Chinese Yuan (XBC).
BitMEX supports the following cryptocurrencies:
  • Bitcoin (XBT)
  • Bitcoin Cash (BCH)
  • Ethereum (ETH)
  • Ethereum Classic (ETC)
  • Litecoin (LTC)
  • Ripple Token (XRP)
  • Monero (XMR)
  • Dash (DASH)
  • Zcash (ZEC)
  • Cardano (ADA)
  • Tron (TRX)
  • EOS Token (EOS)
BitMEX also offers leverage options on the following coins:
  • 5x: Zcash (ZEC)
  • 20x : Ripple (XRP),Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Cardano (ADA), EOS Token (EOS), Tron (TRX)
  • 25x: Monero (XMR)
  • 33x: Litecoin (LTC)
  • 50x: Ethereum (ETH)
  • 100x: Bitcoin (XBT), Bitcoin / Yen (XBJ), Bitcoin / Yuan (XBC)

Trading Technologies International Partnership

HDR Global Trading, the company which owns BitMEX, has recently announced a partnership with Trading Technologies International, Inc. (TT), a leading international high-performance trading software provider.
The TT platform is designed specifically for professional traders, brokers, and market-access providers, and incorporates a wide variety of trading tools and analytical indicators that allow even the most advanced traders to customize the software to suit their unique trading styles. The TT platform also provides traders with global market access and trade execution through its privately managed infrastructure and the partnership will see BitMEX users gaining access to the trading tools on all BitMEX products, including the popular XBT/USD Perpetual Swap pairing.
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The BitMEX Insurance Fund

The ability to trade on leverage is one of the exchange’s main selling points and offering leverage and providing the opportunity for traders to trade against each other may result in a situation where the winners do not receive all of their expected profits. As a result of the amounts of leverage involved, it’s possible that the losers may not have enough margin in their positions to pay the winners.
Traditional exchanges like the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) offset this problem by utilizing multiple layers of protection and cryptocurrency trading platforms offering leverage cannot currently match the levels of protection provided to winning traders.
In addition, cryptocurrency exchanges offering leveraged trades propose a capped downside and unlimited upside on a highly volatile asset with the caveat being that on occasion, there may not be enough funds in the system to pay out the winners.
To help solve this problem, BitMEX has developed an insurance fund system, and when a trader has an open leveraged position, their position is forcefully closed or liquidated when their maintenance margin is too low.
Here, a trader’s profit and loss does not reflect the actual price their position was closed on the market, and with BitMEX when a trader is liquidated, their equity associated with the position drops down to zero.
In the following example, the trader has taken a 100x long position. In the event that the mark price of Bitcoin falls to $3,980 (by 0.5%), then the position gets liquidated with the 100 Bitcoin position needing to be sold on the market.
This means that it does not matter what price this trade executes at, namely if it’s $3,995 or $3,000, as from the view of the liquidated trader, regardless of the price, they lose all the equity they had in their position, and lose the entire one Bitcoin.
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Assuming there is a fully liquid market, the bid/ask spread should be tighter than the maintenance margin. Here, liquidations manifest as contributions to the insurance fund (e.g. if the maintenance margin is 50bps, but the market is 1bp wide), and the insurance fund should rise by close to the same amount as the maintenance margin when a position is liquidated. In this scenario, as long as healthy liquid markets persist, the insurance fund should continue its steady growth.
The following graphs further illustrate the example, and in the first chart, market conditions are healthy with a narrow bid/ask spread (just $2) at the time of liquidation. Here, the closing trade occurs at a higher price than the bankruptcy price (the price where the margin balance is zero) and the insurance fund benefits.
Illustrative example of an insurance contribution – Long 100x with 1 BTC collateral
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(Note: The above illustration is based on opening a 100x long position at $4,000 per BTC and 1 Bitcoin of collateral. The illustration is an oversimplification and ignores factors such as fees and other adjustments.
The bid and offer prices represent the state of the order book at the time of liquidation. The closing trade price is $3,978, representing $1 of slippage compared to the $3,979 bid price at the time of liquidation.)
The second chart shows a wide bid/ask spread at the time of liquidation, here, the closing trade takes place at a lower price than the bankruptcy price, and the insurance fund is used to make sure that winning traders receive their expected profits.
This works to stabilize the potential for returns as there is no guarantee that healthy market conditions can continue, especially during periods of heightened price volatility. During these periods, it’s actually possible that the insurance fund can be used up than it is built up.
Illustrative example of an insurance depletion – Long 100x with 1 BTC collateral
https://preview.redd.it/vb4mj3n54cc41.png?width=707&format=png&auto=webp&s=0c63b7c99ae1c114d8e3b947fb490e9144dfe61b
(Notes: The above illustration is based on opening a 100x long position at $4,000 per BTC and 1 Bitcoin of collateral. The illustration is an oversimplification and ignores factors such as fees and other adjustments.
The bid and offer prices represent the state of the order book at the time of liquidation. The closing trade price is $3,800, representing $20 of slippage compared to the $3,820 bid price at the time of liquidation.)
The exchange declared in February 2019, that the BitMEX insurance fund retained close to 21,000 Bitcoin (around $70 million based on Bitcoin spot prices at the time).
This figure represents just 0.007% of BitMEX’s notional annual trading volume, which has been quoted as being approximately $1 trillion. This is higher than the insurance funds as a proportion of trading volume of the CME, and therefore, winning traders on BitMEX are exposed to much larger risks than CME traders as:
  • BitMEX does not have clearing members with large balance sheets and traders are directly exposed to each other.
  • BitMEX does not demand payments from traders with negative account balances.
  • The underlying instruments on BitMEX are more volatile than the more traditional instruments available on CME.
Therefore, with the insurance fund remaining capitalized, the system effectively with participants who get liquidated paying for liquidations, or a losers pay for losers mechanism.
This system may appear controversial as first, though some may argue that there is a degree of uniformity to it. It’s also worth noting that the exchange also makes use of Auto Deleveraging which means that on occasion, leveraged positions in profit can still be reduced during certain time periods if a liquidated order cannot be executed in the market.
More adventurous traders should note that while the insurance fund holds 21,000 Bitcoin, worth approximately 0.1% of the total Bitcoin supply, BitMEX still doesn’t offer the same level of guarantees to winning traders that are provided by more traditional leveraged trading platforms.
Given the inherent volatility of the cryptocurrency market, there remains some possibility that the fund gets drained down to zero despite its current size. This may result in more successful traders lacking confidence in the platform and choosing to limit their exposure in the event of BitMEX being unable to compensate winning traders.

How suitable is BitMEX for Beginners?

BitMEX generates high Bitcoin trading levels, and also attracts good levels of volume across other crypto-to-crypto transfers. This helps to maintain a buzz around the exchange, and BitMEX also employs relatively low trading fees, and is available round the world (except to US inhabitants).
This helps to attract the attention of people new to the process of trading on leverage and when getting started on the platform there are 5 main navigation Tabs to get used to:
  • **Trade:**The trading dashboard of BitMEX. This tab allows you to select your preferred trading instrument, and choose leverage, as well as place and cancel orders. You can also see your position information and view key information in the contract details.
  • **Account:**Here, all your account information is displayed including available Bitcoin margin balances, deposits and withdrawals, and trade history.
  • **Contracts:**This tab covers further instrument information including funding history, contract sizes; leverage offered expiry, underlying reference Price Index data, and other key features.
  • **References:**This resource centre allows you to learn about futures, perpetual contracts, position marking, and liquidation.
  • **API:**From here you can set up an API connection with BitMEX, and utilize the REST API and WebSocket API.
BitMEX also employs 24/7 customer support and the team can also be contacted on their Twitter and Reddit accounts.
In addition, BitMEX provides a variety of educational resources including an FAQ section, Futures guides, Perpetual Contracts guides, and further resources in the “References” account tab.
For users looking for more in depth analysis, the BitMEX blog produces high level descriptions of a number of subjects and has garnered a good reputation among the cryptocurrency community.
Most importantly, the exchange also maintains a testnet platform, built on top of testnet Bitcoin, which allows anyone to try out programs and strategies before moving on to the live exchange.
This is crucial as despite the wealth of resources available, BitMEX is not really suitable for beginners, and margin trading, futures contracts and swaps are best left to experienced, professional or institutional traders.
Margin trading and choosing to engage in leveraged activity are risky processes and even more advanced traders can describe the process as a high risk and high reward “game”. New entrants to the sector should spend a considerable amount of time learning about margin trading and testing out strategies before considering whether to open a live account.

Is BitMEX Safe?

BitMEX is widely considered to have strong levels of security. The platform uses multi-signature deposits and withdrawal schemes which can only be used by BitMEX partners. BitMEX also utilises Amazon Web Services to protect the servers with text messages and two-factor authentication, as well as hardware tokens.
BitMEX also has a system for risk checks, which requires that the sum of all account holdings on the website must be zero. If it’s not, all trading is immediately halted. As noted previously, withdrawals are all individually hand-checked by employees, and private keys are never stored in the cloud. Deposit addresses are externally verified to make sure that they contain matching keys. If they do not, there is an immediate system shutdown.
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In addition, the BitMEX trading platform is written in kdb+, a database and toolset popular amongst major banks in high frequency trading applications. The BitMEX engine appears to be faster and more reliable than some of its competitors, such as Poloniex and Bittrex.
They have email notifications, and PGP encryption is used for all communication.
The exchange hasn’t been hacked in the past.

How Secure is the platform?

As previously mentioned, BitMEX is considered to be a safe exchange and incorporates a number of security protocols that are becoming standard among the sector’s leading exchanges. In addition to making use of Amazon Web Services’ cloud security, all the exchange’s systems can only be accessed after passing through multiple forms of authentication, and individual systems are only able to communicate with each other across approved and monitored channels.
Communication is also further secured as the exchange provides optional PGP encryption for all automated emails, and users can insert their PGP public key into the form inside their accounts.
Once set up, BitMEX will encrypt and sign all the automated emails sent by you or to your account by the [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) email address. Users can also initiate secure conversations with the support team by using the email address and public key on the Technical Contact, and the team have made their automated system’s PGP key available for verification in their Security Section.
The platform’s trading engine is written in kdb+, a database and toolset used by leading financial institutions in high-frequency trading applications, and the speed and reliability of the engine is also used to perform a full risk check after every order placement, trade, settlement, deposit, and withdrawal.
All accounts in the system must consistently sum to zero, and if this does not happen then trading on the platform is immediately halted for all users.
With regards to wallet security, BitMEX makes use of a multisignature deposit and withdrawal scheme, and all exchange addresses are multisignature by default with all storage being kept offline. Private keys are not stored on any cloud servers and deep cold storage is used for the majority of funds.
Furthermore, all deposit addresses sent by the BitMEX system are verified by an external service that works to ensure that they contain the keys controlled by the founders, and in the event that the public keys differ, the system is immediately shut down and trading halted. The exchange’s security practices also see that every withdrawal is audited by hand by a minimum of two employees before being sent out.

BitMEX Customer Support

The trading platform has a 24/7 support on multiple channels, including email, ticket systems and social media. The typical response time from the customer support team is about one hour, and feedback on the customer support generally suggest that the customer service responses are helpful and are not restricted to automated responses.
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The BitMEX also offers a knowledge base and FAQs which, although they are not necessarily always helpful, may assist and direct users towards the necessary channels to obtain assistance.
BitMEX also offers trading guides which can be accessed here

Conclusion

There would appear to be few complaints online about BitMEX, with most issues relating to technical matters or about the complexities of using the website. Older complaints also appeared to include issues relating to low liquidity, but this no longer appears to be an issue.
BitMEX is clearly not a platform that is not intended for the amateur investor. The interface is complex and therefore it can be very difficult for users to get used to the platform and to even navigate the website.
However, the platform does provide a wide range of tools and once users have experience of the platform they will appreciate the wide range of information that the platform provides.
Visit BitMEX
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Alerts and News

Alerts and News
See the full changelog on Cryptowat.ch here: https://cryptowat.ch/changelog/2019-08-13
Retweet us here
What can you do with a Cryptowatch account? Trade right on your price charts across 8 top exchanges with nifty features to make trading easier, never miss a price movement with SMS alerts, and view your portfolio aggregated across 12 exchanges - sign up here if you haven't already for a two-week free trial.
On to this week's release:

New Commands for CLI: Set Alerts

Using the recently launched Command Line Interface (CLI), you can now set Price and Volume Alerts. To set an Alert, use the "alert" command, followed by:
  price  
using <, >, >=, <= to indicate the direction of the alert. To set an alert when Bitcoin/USD reaches $15,000 on Kraken, just enter
alert kraken btcusd price >=15000 
For a Volume Alert, the command structure is:
alert   volume    
"Type" is either "base" or "quote" volume - the volume down below on your charts defaults to "base" volume (or the volume in whatever coin you're looking at). Volume alerts can be set on different intervals, like 1 hour (1h), 1 day (1d), 1 week (1w) - see the interval selector at the top of your chart for all the options - you can find it next to the exchange and asset pair you're looking at in the top left of any chart page. Or you can just type "ls intervals"in the CLI.
Here's an example of a volume alert:
alert kraken btcusd volume 1h base 1000 
That alert would trigger if the volume of bitcoin traded in a 1 hour Bitcoin/USD candle exceeded 1000 bitcoins on Kraken.
You can also add multiple price or volume alerts at once:
alert kraken btcusd price >=13000 >=14000 >=15000 >=16000 >=17000 >=18000 >=19000 >=20000 
As always, help is there. Type the below to have it all in front of you. Here's the full documentation on the Command Line Interface (CLI).
alert -h 
https://reddit.com/link/cpyv1u/video/kd56vfv5z9g31/player

Theme Contest

The theme contest continues - check out our blog for how to enter. Winners chosen by the Cryptowatch design team will earn a year of Cryptowatch Pro, giving you access to our Trollbox community, lightning-fast WebSocket API for market data from 26 exchanges, and more. No payment necessary to create a theme and try out some of the great ones on Cryptowat.ch's Twitter feed.
Here are a few of our favorites so far:
https://preview.redd.it/bum681o7z9g31.png?width=1336&format=png&auto=webp&s=4317aae90a1caccb5195e326242043c82a365cd3
Clockwise from top left, they are:
  • from @darrenma007 - "Monokai,#272822,#ffffff,#66d9ef,#fd971f,#ae81ff,#a6e22e,#f92672"
  • from @CryptoRothbard - "ancap,#383838,#f1eb09,#000000,#a88c00,#000000,#eafc0d,#030303"
  • from @i_van_kaz - "ivankaz,#0f1929,#f0f0f0,#584baa,#fcfc5f,#425e71,#dd9447,#4344e1"
  • from @iridion_ - "SNES,#e0e0e5,#54585a,#a7a4e0,#e4000f,#b2b4b2,#9377d5,#747776"

News on the Homepage

The team moved our News section up on the homepage below the assets table - stay on top of the latest events here, and look out for more real-time news offerings in the future.

Trollbox Upgrades

We've whitelisted images from imgur.com to let our trolls share memes and gifs. We also collapsed the Trollbox by default for regular visitors to the website - don't forget to open it up once in a while or you might miss an easter egg.
Get started with Cryptowatch now
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Tools Menu and Asset Search

Tools Menu and Asset Search
Did you know you can get free portfolio tracking across 12 exchanges through Cryptowatch? Create an account to track your portfolio and save your settings across sessions and track your portfolio. Trading through the interface starts at just $10 month.
On to what we shipped this week:

New Analysis Tools Menu

As new indicators and overlays for charts are constantly created, we want to ensure Cryptowatch helps you access these new perspectives on the market. Today, we’re excited to debut a new Analysis Tools menu on our charts to help you select, configure, and learn about all the tools on our platform. All the Indicators and Overlays you know and love have now moved to this one menu, between the candle settings and the pencil icon.
https://preview.redd.it/p3umnvhyn2u21.png?width=1442&format=png&auto=webp&s=d150afa619f8d6700fd1ce0c19f01fd0edd6325a
We heard you wanted more customization of your charts, so from within the Analysis Tools menu you can now:
  1. Alter the style of each tool - like the colors of the lines for Bollinger Bands
  2. Change the price input of a tool - like creating an EMA with the High prices of each candle instead of Close
Finding tools will now be easier as the list grows: search from the top of the menu, ‘favorite’ any tool with the star, and filter the list by Type or Category (like Momentum and Volatility) from within the Filters menu next to the search bar.
Finally, tools are useless if misunderstood - so we’ve included a description of each tool, a visual example, and the corresponding calculation under the Info tab that reveals itself when a tool is selected in the menu.
Change can be daunting, we know - but we think you'll find this new menu not only easier to use, but more helpful for discovering new perspectives on the market. Play around with it and let us know what you think.

Asset Search and Watchlist

When you go to an asset page like Bitcoin's, you'll now see a dropdown of all the assets in the platform. Search, save, and learn more about all the coins and cryptos at your disposal.

Asset Selector closed
Asset Selector opened!

Available Funds Everywhere

The available funds indicator you know from Portfolio is now visible in the trading panel to give you a better idea of the balances at your disposal while trading any market.

https://preview.redd.it/qssjdw9ao2u21.png?width=704&format=png&auto=webp&s=fe7d043351434c3a0012e27936ebe8f8f6548131

Want to work with us?

Check out our careers page for the latest listings. If you want a head start, show us what you can do with some of our public APIs. Our new WebSocket API is currently in beta and free for now - try it out by emailing your Cryptowatch username to [[email protected].](mailto:[email protected].)

Trading via APIs?

Try streaming trade data from 25 exchanges with Cryptowatch WebSockets API - just email us your username at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) to get started.
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Portfolio Upgrades and Speed

All the user-facing updates in our latest release:

Portfolio Upgrades: Balances and Dust

We've done the backend work to enable total balances to show in Portfolio, meaning open orders won't affect your Portfolio balance! We also wanted to let you know that we hide dust automatically, and currently define it as any holding which is less than .01 of your quote currency. Please let us know your thoughts on how you view/handle dust for your own portfolio as we will look to provide additional ways to handle that in the future.

Indices on Cryptowatch

We now publish indices created by CryptoFacilities on our site. Indices are fairly new to the crypto industry, but a cornerstone of financial systems and a bit step in legitimizing crypto as an asset class. Since our indices tracking is new, you may not see much historical data for a few of the pairs. Stay tuned for more interactivity with these indices and features around them in the future. When the whole world has a stake in a Bitcoin index, you can say you saw it here first.

Fixed: Snappier Price Updates

Our team and several users noticed that the last price on the chart, the last price in the orderbook, and the trades flowing in on the past trades section were updating at slightly different rates. We brought them all in sync, so you'll see everything flash together in real time as trades come in for all our markets.

Trading via APIs?

Try streaming trade data from 25 exchanges with Cryptowatch WebSockets API - just email us your username at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) to get started.

New to Cryptowatch?

Want to monitor your portfolio and trade across all your exchanges on the fastest market data in crypto? Sign up for a free Cryptowatch account here.
submitted by kraken-evan to cryptowatch [link] [comments]

High Frequency Trading in Bitcoin Exchanges

High Frequency Trading in Bitcoin Exchanges
Introduction
In this post I analyze the presence and activity of high frequency trading in a Bitcoin exchange. Since to date this markets are extremely unregulated, such behaviour takes places with little to no constraint. I show how over 99% of orders placed are not meant to be filled, but instead to distort the perception of the market. In addition, I try to spot common HFT strategies, such as Quote Spoofing, Layering and Momentum ignition. Given the anonymous nature of these exchanges these last results are to some extent subjective. (FMZ.COM)
What is High Frequency Trading?
From Wikipedia [1], High-frequency trading (HFT) is a type of algorithmic trading characterized by high speeds, high turnover rates, and high order-to-trade ratios that leverages high-frequency financial data and electronic trading tools.
Methodology
This analysis has been carried out with order data from the Websocket stream from GDAX, a US based digital asset exchange [2] owned by Coinbase. It is one of the largest markets (over 42 MM USD/day) [3] and it exposes a high performance socket where all orders are broadcasted. In addition, it offers some interesting features for data analysis:
Orders are timestamped (as opposed to Bitfinex, for example)
It has millisecond granularity (again, as opposed to Bitfinex) (FMZ.COM)
It says whether an order has been matched or cancelled -one could argue that disappearing orders far from the bid/ask spread must have been cancelled (and it's true), but for orders inside the spread, this information is necessary.
While data has been captured for several days (at the time of this post I'm still capturing data), for the following analysis only data from July 21, 2017 has been taken. Mind you, there are still over 2 Million datapoints. (FMZ.COM)
Since the GDAX feed does not explicitly keep information of the current best bid/ask, a little preprocessing is needed. The best bid is the highest price for currently open BUY orders, while the best ask is the lowest price for open SELL orders. Although this calculation is not complicated nor particularly slow, it's better to explicitly append the current best bid/ask as additional columns. No further preprocessing has been carried out.
Related work
While writing this article, I came across a blog post from Philip Stubbings at Parasec [4], who made a similar analysis in 2014. While the amount of data differs by orders of magnitude, the findings are the same, especially concerning flashing orders. Quoting from his site:
I collected order book event data from the Bitstamp exchange over a 4 month period, between July and October (2014), resulting in a dataset of ~33 million individual events; A minuscule dataset in comparison to the throughput on "conventional" exchanges, see (Nanex: High Frequency Quote Spam) for example. (FMZ.COM)
While the event dataset consists of ~33 million events, these events can be broken down into individual orders and their types. In total, of the identifiable order types, there were 14,619,019 individual "flashed orders" (orders added and later deleted without being hit) representing 93% of all order book activity, 707,113 "resting orders" (orders added and not deleted unless hit) and 455,825 "marketable orders" (orders that crossed the book resulting in 1 or more reported trades).
As we'll soon see in this report, I recorded 2,169,450 events in less than one day. That means, the number of events per unit of time is 8 times bigger than in 2014. Flash orders are still a majority, representing over 99% of all order book activity.

www.fmz.com

www.fmz.com

www.fmz.com
HTF Strategies (FMZ.COM)
The Bocconi Students Investment Club (BSIC) [5] describes some strategies which the HFT traders use to distort the perception of the market. For this post I'll focus on Spoofing, Layering and Momentum Ignition.
Spoofing & Layering
Quoting from BSIC [5]:
Spoofing is a strategy whereby one places limit orders, and removes them before they are executed. By spoofing limit orders, perpetrators hope to distort other trader’s perceptions of market demand and supply. As an example, a large bid limit order could be placed with the intention of being canceled before it is executed. The spoofer would then seek to benefit from prices rising as the result of false optimism others would see in the market structure.
Detection
There is evidence of high frequency spoofing on July 21, 2017 between 09:45:52 and 09:45:56. Let's take a look at the order book. Red points are SELL orders (3 BTC @ $2741.99), vertical grey lines are cancellations and the blue and green lines are bid and ask price, respectively. (FMZ.COM)
www.fmz.com
One interesting thing is that neither the bid or ask price moves.
Also from [5]:
More controversial has been the act of layering which carries many similarities to outright spoofing, but differs in that orders are placed evenly across prices with the goal of reserving an early execution priority at each given price level. If the person has no trade to execute at that price point the orders are simply removed. Despite being more benign in nature, the act of layering also distorts market demand and supply perception. (FMZ.COM)
It seems to be evidence of layering. Let's take a closer look at the minute between July 21, 2017 between 09:41:00 and 9:42:00. Orders seem to push the ASK level downwards, eventually decreasing the BID price. Next, BUY orders are placed at this lowered level, to be sold when the BID price recovers.
www.fmz.com
Momentum ignition
Still quoting [5]
Momentum ignition is a strategy in which a trader aims to cause a sharp movement in the price of a stock by using a series of trades, which indicate patterns for high frequency traders, with the motive of attracting other algorithm traders to also trade that stock. The instigator of the whole process knows that after the somewhat “artificially created” rapid price movement, the price reverts to normal and thus the trader profits by taking a position early on and eventually trading out before it fizzles out. (FMZ.COM)
To detect momentum ignition, it is important to focus on the following three main characteristics as shown in the chart below:
Stable prices and a spike in volume
A large price movement compared to the intraday volatility
Reversion to the starting price under a lower volume
The following picture from zerohedge and Credit Suisse AES Analysis illustrates this behavior. (FMZ.COM)
www.fmz.com
Conclusion (FMZ.COM)
According to an interview carried out by The Atlantic [6] to Michael Kearns of the University of Pennsylvania and Andrew Lo at MIT, this behaviour also happens in traditional trading, and its causes are still matter of dispute. Relevant extract:
[...] why would a firm engage in this behavior? Lo and Kearns offered a few theories of their own about what could be happening.
To be honest, we can't come up with a good reason," Kearns said. What's particularly difficult to explain is how diverse and prevalent the patterns are. If algorithmic traders are simply testing new bots out -- which isn't a bad explanation -- it doesn't seem plausible that they'd do it so often. Alternatively, one could imagine the patterns are generated by some set of systemic information processing mistakes, but then it might be difficult to explain the variety of the patterns.
"It's possible that the observed patterns are not malicious, in error, or for testing, but for information-gathering," Kearns observed. "One could easily imagine a HFT shop wanting to regularly examine (e.g.) the latency they experienced from the different exchanges under different conditions, including conditions involving high order volume, rapid changes in prices and volumes, etc. And one might want such information not just when getting started, but on a regular basis, since latency and other exchange properties might well be expected to change over time, exhibit seasonality of various kind, etc. The super-HFT groups might even make co-location decisions based on such benchmarks." (FMZ.COM)
References
[1]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitfinex
[2] https://www.gdax.com/
[3] Source: https://coinmarketcap.com
[4] http://parasec.net/blog/order-book-visualisation/
[5] http://www.bsic.it/marketmanipulation/
[6] https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2010/08/explaining-bizarre-robot-stock-trader-behavio61028/
[7] https://docs.gdax.com/
submitted by Ruby-Yao to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

High Frequency Trading in Bitcoin Exchanges

High Frequency Trading in Bitcoin Exchanges
Introduction(FMZ)
In this post I analyze the presence and activity of high frequency trading in a Bitcoin exchange. Since to date this markets are extremely unregulated, such behaviour takes places with little to no constraint. I show how over 99% of orders placed are not meant to be filled, but instead to distort the perception of the market. In addition, I try to spot common HFT strategies, such as Quote Spoofing, Layering and Momentum ignition. Given the anonymous nature of these exchanges these last results are to some extent subjective.(FMZ)
What is High Frequency Trading?
From Wikipedia [1], High-frequency trading (HFT) is a type of algorithmic trading characterized by high speeds, high turnover rates, and high order-to-trade ratios that leverages high-frequency financial data and electronic trading tools.
Methodology(FMZ)
This analysis has been carried out with order data from the Websocket stream from GDAX, a US based digital asset exchange [2] owned by Coinbase. It is one of the largest markets (over 42 MM USD/day) [3] and it exposes a high performance socket where all orders are broadcasted. In addition, it offers some interesting features for data analysis:
Orders are timestamped (as opposed to Bitfinex, for example)
It has millisecond granularity (again, as opposed to Bitfinex)
It says whether an order has been matched or cancelled -one could argue that disappearing orders far from the bid/ask spread must have been cancelled (and it's true), but for orders inside the spread, this information is necessary.
While data has been captured for several days (at the time of this post I'm still capturing data), for the following analysis only data from July 21, 2017 has been taken. Mind you, there are still over 2 Million datapoints. (FMZ)
Since the GDAX feed does not explicitly keep information of the current best bid/ask, a little preprocessing is needed. The best bid is the highest price for currently open BUY orders, while the best ask is the lowest price for open SELL orders. Although this calculation is not complicated nor particularly slow, it's better to explicitly append the current best bid/ask as additional columns. No further preprocessing has been carried out.
Related work
While writing this article, I came across a blog post from Philip Stubbings at Parasec [4], who made a similar analysis in 2014. While the amount of data differs by orders of magnitude, the findings are the same, especially concerning flashing orders. Quoting from his site:
I collected order book event data from the Bitstamp exchange over a 4 month period, between July and October (2014), resulting in a dataset of ~33 million individual events; A minuscule dataset in comparison to the throughput on "conventional" exchanges, see (Nanex: High Frequency Quote Spam) for example.
While the event dataset consists of ~33 million events, these events can be broken down into individual orders and their types. In total, of the identifiable order types, there were 14,619,019 individual "flashed orders" (orders added and later deleted without being hit) representing 93% of all order book activity, 707,113 "resting orders" (orders added and not deleted unless hit) and 455,825 "marketable orders" (orders that crossed the book resulting in 1 or more reported trades).
As we'll soon see in this report, I recorded 2,169,450 events in less than one day. That means, the number of events per unit of time is 8 times bigger than in 2014. Flash orders are still a majority, representing over 99% of all order book activity. (FMZ)
www.fmz.com
www.fmz.com
www.fmz.com
HTF Strategies (FMZ)
The Bocconi Students Investment Club (BSIC) [5] describes some strategies which the HFT traders use to distort the perception of the market. For this post I'll focus on Spoofing, Layering and Momentum Ignition.
Spoofing & Layering
Quoting from BSIC [5]:
Spoofing is a strategy whereby one places limit orders, and removes them before they are executed. By spoofing limit orders, perpetrators hope to distort other trader’s perceptions of market demand and supply. As an example, a large bid limit order could be placed with the intention of being canceled before it is executed. The spoofer would then seek to benefit from prices rising as the result of false optimism others would see in the market structure.
Detection
There is evidence of high frequency spoofing on July 21, 2017 between 09:45:52 and 09:45:56. Let's take a look at the order book. Red points are SELL orders (3 BTC @ $2741.99), vertical grey lines are cancellations and the blue and green lines are bid and ask price, respectively.
www.fmz.com
One interesting thing is that neither the bid or ask price moves.
Also from [5]:
More controversial has been the act of layering which carries many similarities to outright spoofing, but differs in that orders are placed evenly across prices with the goal of reserving an early execution priority at each given price level. If the person has no trade to execute at that price point the orders are simply removed. Despite being more benign in nature, the act of layering also distorts market demand and supply perception. (FMZ)
It seems to be evidence of layering. Let's take a closer look at the minute between July 21, 2017 between 09:41:00 and 9:42:00. Orders seem to push the ASK level downwards, eventually decreasing the BID price. Next, BUY orders are placed at this lowered level, to be sold when the BID price recovers.
www.fmz.com
Momentum ignition(fmz.com)
Still quoting [5]
Momentum ignition is a strategy in which a trader aims to cause a sharp movement in the price of a stock by using a series of trades, which indicate patterns for high frequency traders, with the motive of attracting other algorithm traders to also trade that stock. The instigator of the whole process knows that after the somewhat “artificially created” rapid price movement, the price reverts to normal and thus the trader profits by taking a position early on and eventually trading out before it fizzles out.
To detect momentum ignition, it is important to focus on the following three main characteristics as shown in the chart below:
Stable prices and a spike in volume
A large price movement compared to the intraday volatility
Reversion to the starting price under a lower volume
The following picture from zerohedge and Credit Suisse AES Analysis illustrates this behavior. (FMZ)
www.fmz.com
Conclusion (FMZ)
According to an interview carried out by The Atlantic [6] to Michael Kearns of the University of Pennsylvania and Andrew Lo at MIT, this behaviour also happens in traditional trading, and its causes are still matter of dispute. Relevant extract:
[...] why would a firm engage in this behavior? Lo and Kearns offered a few theories of their own about what could be happening.
To be honest, we can't come up with a good reason," Kearns said. What's particularly difficult to explain is how diverse and prevalent the patterns are. If algorithmic traders are simply testing new bots out -- which isn't a bad explanation -- it doesn't seem plausible that they'd do it so often. Alternatively, one could imagine the patterns are generated by some set of systemic information processing mistakes, but then it might be difficult to explain the variety of the patterns.
"It's possible that the observed patterns are not malicious, in error, or for testing, but for information-gathering," Kearns observed. "One could easily imagine a HFT shop wanting to regularly examine (e.g.) the latency they experienced from the different exchanges under different conditions, including conditions involving high order volume, rapid changes in prices and volumes, etc. And one might want such information not just when getting started, but on a regular basis, since latency and other exchange properties might well be expected to change over time, exhibit seasonality of various kind, etc. The super-HFT groups might even make co-location decisions based on such benchmarks."
References
[1]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bi...
[2] https://www.gdax.com/
[3] Source: https://coinmarketcap.com
[4] http://parasec.net/blog/order-bo...
[5] http://www.bsic.it/marketmanipul...
[6] https://www.theatlantic.com/tech...
[7] https://docs.gdax.com/
submitted by FmzQuant to u/FmzQuant [link] [comments]

Coinsetter debuts new features, higher performance, as well as upcoming enhancements & proof of funds

FYI, Coinsetter will be fully open to the public as of our next release update (no more promo codes)!
In addition to the below features, we'll be releasing an audit and proof of funds in the next couple weeks, along with some major new features, including a web socket API, price alerts, and much more!
We are happy to announce that our latest update includes several new features:
-Market orders denominated in USD or bitcoin -Interactive charts provided by Coinstackr -Improved UI with easy to read dollar and bitcoin balances up to 8 decimals -Trading speed and latency enhancements -Faster order book integration with Bitstamp -Security: Enhanced user notifications for invalid login attempts -Performance enhancements to website -Additional security enhancements 
New API features:
-Now supports logging into API and website at the same time -Timestamps added to market data feeds -Access to greater depth of order book -indicative quotes for any Bitcoin quantity 
Full details on our blog: http://blog.coinsetter.com/2014/03/21/announcing-new-bitcoin-trading-features-coinsetter-platform/ Sincerely;
Marshall Swatt CTO - Coinsetter, Inc.
submitted by KnowYourBitcoin to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

[For Hire] Python, Javascript, API experienced programmer

Intermediate Python programmer oriented both on desktop and web-applications development. (QT, Web.py, Django, Flask), proficient with jQuery also. Experienced in REST or Websocket (Autobahn Wamp, Socket.io) API building.
Relevant jobs \ projects [is code public?]:
Other:
Thank you for your attention! Feel free to contact me.
https://github.com/mn3monic
https://www.linkedin.com/pub/guido-dassori/70/856/9a1
submitted by case666 to Jobs4Bitcoins [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Chart Technical Analysis for 07-17-2020 This Bitcoin Chart Could Change Everything (Critical Level) Bitcoin About to Rocket!? – What the Charts Say Bitcoin Chart Technical Analysis for 07-15-2020 MORE DUMP FOR BITCOIN!? BTC charts TA Crypto price prediction, analysis, news, trading

API Name Description Category Versions; PotChain Web Socket: The PotChain Web Socket API is an open-source bitcoin websocket API. the Web Socket API allows you develop bitcoin-related applications (such as wallets) that require certain information from the... Bittrex Preview gives you the chance to see what we're working on before we ship it to all users. Try it out and give us feedback! By enabling Bittrex Preview, you will see new and different features throughout the product. The most trusted source for data on the bitcoin blockchain. Products. Wallet Buy & Sell Crypto. Exchange Professional Trading. Explorer Live Data, Charts & Transactions. Buy Bitcoin Trade. Sponsored Content. Blockchain Charts The most trusted source for data on the bitcoin blockchain. Currency Statistics Block Details Mining Information Network Quickly changing data can be better represented using realtime graphs and charts as users can quickly see both current and historical data easily. In this tutorial, we will be making use of Pusher Channels , Plotly and Flask to build a simple app for displaying the price of a Bitcoin in a realtime graph and bar chart. Where can I get a time series of (date, bitcoin price in USD)? BitcoinCharts no longer provide historic data, only the last 20,000 samples.

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Bitcoin Chart Technical Analysis for 07-17-2020

The Complete Short Bitcoin Course - Technical Analysis No 043. Old Lectures Bitcoin on Charts CONTENT PART 01: Introduction to Bitcoin 001.Promo 002.Introduction To Bitcoin PART 02: How to Earn ... 24/7 Live Bitcoin Algo Trading on Deribit Exchange (DeriBot) Bitcoin Trading Robots 217 watching Live now Multiple Timeframe Secrets You're Not Supposed To Know - Duration: 22:15. Learn how to read stock charts and identify technical patterns as ClayTrader does a quick stock chart review on Bitcoin (Bitcoin). Watch more Bitcoin Technical Analysis Videos: https://claytrader ... Learn how to read stock charts and identify technical patterns as ClayTrader does a quick stock chart review on Bitcoin (Bitcoin). Watch more Bitcoin Technical Analysis Videos: https://claytrader ... Bitcoin Monitor: https://www.BitcoinMonitor.Today Monitoring of Bitcoin prices with real-time updates, visualization across exchanges, lowest price detection...

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